Craniotabes

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Craniotabes
Cranial bones en.svg
Cranial bones
Classification and external resources
MedlinePlus 001591

Craniotabes is softening or thinning of the skull in infants and children, which may be normally present in newborns. It is seen mostly in the occipital and parietal bones. The bones are soft, and when pressure is applied they will collapse underneath it. When the pressure is relieved, the bones will usually snap back into place.

Etymology[edit]

The term (cranio- + tabes) is derived from the Latin words cranium for skull and tabes for wasting.

Causes[edit]

Any condition that affects bone growth, most notably rickets[1][2] (from vitamin D deficiency),[3] marasmus, syphilis, or thalassemia, can cause craniotabes if present during a time of rapid skull growth (most especially during gestation and infancy). It can be a "normal" feature in premature infants. It is the first sign in children and infants with rickets.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Elidrissy, Abdelwahab T. H. (31 May 2016). "The Return of Congenital Rickets, Are We Missing Occult Cases?". Calcified Tissue International. 99 (3): 227–236. PMID 27245342. doi:10.1007/s00223-016-0146-2. 
  2. ^ Paterson, Colin R.; Ayoub, David (October 2015). "Congenital rickets due to vitamin D deficiency in the mothers". Clinical Nutrition. 34 (5): 793–798. PMID 25552383. doi:10.1016/j.clnu.2014.12.006. 
  3. ^ Ercan, Makbule (2016). "Relationship between newborn craniotabes and vitamin D status". Northern Clinics of Istanbul. PMC 5175072Freely accessible. PMID 28058380. doi:10.14744/nci.2016.48403.