Crassula capitella

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Campfire plant
Crassula capitella - CT 5.jpg
Crassula capitella
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Eudicots
Order: Saxifragales
Family: Crassulaceae
Genus: Crassula
Species:
C. capitella
Binomial name
Crassula capitella
Thunb., 1778[1]

Crassula capitella, (Red Flames, Red Pagoda or Campfire Plant) is a perennial succulent plant native to southern Africa.

Description[edit]

Flowers of Crassula capitella subsp thyrsiflora, growing in the Robertson Karoo
The "campfire" cultivar
Compact form of Crassula capitella subsp thyrsiflora

An extremely variable species. The narrow, pointed, splayed ("propeller-like"[2]) leaves are initially a light green, but become a strong reddish colour in the sun.[3]

The leaves are stacked, and near the base of the rosette they are larger. Near the top of a rosette, the leaves gradually get smaller and change into floral bracts, as the stem forms a long, pointed inflorescence.[4]

It is a small, succulent herb (15-40 cm in height) - with stems that are either erect or rambling and mat-forming. Each stem forms roots at its internodes, which take root if the stem lies against the ground.

C.capitella is mostly biennial, blooming in the summer, with small, white, star-shaped flowers forming all around each thick, upright stem. [1][5] It grows to a height of about 6 inches tall, and will be damaged when exposed to temperatures below 30 °F (−1 °C).[5]

Cultivation[edit]

Crassula capitella prefer full sun to partial shade, average watering needs, and shouldn't be exposed to temperatures below 30 °F (−1 °C).[5][6] It may suffer from foliage edema, which may be the result of rapid changes in moisture.[5]

Distribution[edit]

Crassula capitella is native to southern Africa; it is found in Transvaal, Free State, Eastern Cape, and in some parts of southern Namibia and Botswana.[1]

Subspecies[edit]

  • Crassula capitella subsp. capitella: biennial basal rosette with smooth (hairless) stems and unbranched spike inflorescence.[1]
  • Crassula capitella subsp. enantiophylla[1]
  • Crassula capitella subsp. meyeri: a decumbent subspecies from the sandy coastline of KwaZulu-Natal[1]
  • Crassula capitella subsp. nodulosa: a perennial shrub with one or two rosettes on hairy stems.[1]
  • Crassula capitella subsp. sessilicymula: a perennial shrub (40cm) with a woody trunk and branched inflorescence.[1]
  • Crassula capitella subsp. thyrsiflora: a perennial shrub with multiple pinkish-red rosettes, that become stacked in a pagoda form ("red pagoda") and an unbranched spike inflorescence. From the Western Cape Province[1]
  • Crassula capitella subsp. corymbulosa[7].

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i Court, Doreen (2000). Succulent Flora of Southern Africa. CRC Press. p. 84. ISBN 9789058093233.
  2. ^ Crassula capitella - PlantzAfrica
  3. ^ Baldwin, Debra Lee (2010). Succulent Container Gardens. Timber Press. p. 92. ISBN 9780881929591.
  4. ^ G.Rowley (2003): Crassula: a grower’s guide. Cactus & Co, libri. Italy.
  5. ^ a b c d San Marcos Growers: Crassula capitella Campfire (Campfire Crassula) . accessed 5.7.2013
  6. ^ "PlantFiles: Crassula Crassula capitella 'Campfire'". davesgarden.com. Retrieved 13 March 2014.
  7. ^ "Crassula capitella subsp. thyrsiflora - Red Pagoda | World of Succulents". World of Succulents. 2014-02-16. Retrieved 2018-02-17.