Crataegus iracunda

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Crataegus iracunda
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Rosids
Order: Rosales
Family: Rosaceae
Genus: Crataegus
Section: Coccineae
Series: Tenuifoliae
(Beadle ex Sarg.) Rehder[1]
Species: C. iracunda
Binomial name
Crataegus iracunda
Beadle
Synonyms[2]
  • C. drymophila Sarg.
  • C. iracunda var. silvicola E. J. Palmer

Crataegus iracunda, with common name passionate hawthorn,[2] and sometimes called the stolon-bearing hawthorn[3] is a North American species of hawthorn. It was described in 1899 by Chauncey Delos Beadle of the Biltmore Herbarium (Biltmore Estate) in North Carolina.[4] Taxonomic opinions have differed about this species, and to complicate matters Crataegus macrosperma and various species of C. series Populneae have frequently been misidentified as C. iracunda, leading to differing statements about its geographic range.[2] The 2015 Flora of North America considers its range to be in the southeastern U.S., restricted to the US states of Alabama, Georgia, Louisiana, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina, and Virginia.[2]

Crataegus iracunda is a branching shrub or small tree rarely more than 6 meters (20 feet) in height, sprouting from the roots and thus forming large thickets. Leaves are egg-shaped, pointed at the tips, with teeth along the edges. Flowers come in flat-topped arrays. Fruit is red or orange, sometimes with green blotches.[2]

Varieties within the species have been defined, for example:[5]

  • C. iracunda var. iracunda, with synonyms:
    • C. drymophila Sarg.
    • C. silvicola Beadle
    • C. maineana Sarg.
  • C. iracunda var. stolonifera (Sarg.) Kruschke, with synonyms:
  • C. iracunda var. populnea (Ashe) Kruschke, with synonyms:
    • C. populnea Ashe
    • C. marcida Ashe
    • C. perlaeta Sarg.
    • C. delectata Sarg.
  • C. iracunda var. brumalis (Ashe) Kruschke, with synonym:
    • C. brumalis Ashe
  • C. iracunda var. diffusa (Sarg.) Kruschke, with synonyms:
    • C. diffusa Sarg.
    • C. beckwithae Sarg.
    • C. uncta Sarg.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Phipps, J.B.; Robertson, K.R.; Smith, P.G.; Rohrer, J.R. (1990). A checklist of the subfamily Maloideae (Rosaceae). Canadian Journal of Botany. 68(10): 2209–2269.
  2. ^ a b c d e Phipps, J.B. (2015), "Crataegus iracunda Beadle, Biltmore Bot. Stud. 1: 124. 1902", in L. Brouillet; K. Gandhi; C.L. Howard; H. Jeude; R.W. Kiger; J.B. Phipps; A.C. Pryor; H.H. Schmidt; J.L. Strother; J.L. Zarucchi, Flora of North America North of Mexico, Volume 9: Magnoliophyta: Picramniaceae to Rosaceae, New York, Oxford: Oxford University Press, pp. 563–564 
  3. ^ USDA Plants Profile
  4. ^ Ukropina-Crawford, Z. (December 1, 2008). "Stolonbearing Hawthorn in Northwest Georgia, U.S.A.". A Guide to Natural History of Flora for Floyd County, Northwest Georgia, Southeastern United States. Rome, GA. Retrieved September 27, 2009. 
  5. ^ Kruschke, E.P. (1965), "Contributions to the taxonomy of Crataegus", Milwaukee Public Museum Publications in Botany, 3: 11–273