Crataegus pinnatifida, also known as mountain hawthorn, Chinese haw, Chinese hawthorn or Chinese hawberry, refers to a small to medium-sized tree, as well as the fruit of the tree. The fruit is bright red, 1.5 in (38 mm) in diameter. In Chinese, the fruit is called shānzhā (Chinese: 山楂, literally meaning "mountain hawthorn") or dà hóng guǒ (大红果, literally meaning "big red fruit").
In northern Chinese cuisine, ripe C. pinnatifida fruits are used in the desserts tanghulu and shanzhagao. It is also used to make the traditional candies haw flakes and haw rolls, as well as candied fruit slices, jam, jelly, and wine. It is also traditionally used as a finishing ingredient in Cantonese sweet and sour sauce, although it has since been partially supplanted by ketchup.
- Botanic Gardens Conservation International (BGCI) & IUCN SSC Global Tree Specialist Group (2019). "Crataegus pinnatifida". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. 2019: e.T61957322A136776311. Retrieved 14 April 2020.
- English Names for Korean Native Plants (PDF). Pocheon: Korea National Arboretum. 2015. p. 424. ISBN 978-89-97450-98-5. Archived from the original (PDF) on 25 May 2017. Retrieved 24 December 2016 – via Korea Forest Service.
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- Chinese Cooking Demystified (26 November 2018). Old School Sweet and Sour Pork, without Ketchup (山楂咕噜肉). YouTube. Retrieved 2 February 2019.
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Media related to Crataegus pinnatifida at Wikimedia Commons
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