Crataegus succulenta

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Crataegus succulenta
Scientific classification Edit this classification
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Tracheophytes
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Eudicots
Clade: Rosids
Order: Rosales
Family: Rosaceae
Genus: Crataegus
Section: Crataegus sect. Coccineae
Series: Crataegus ser. Macracanthae
C. succulenta
Binomial name
Crataegus succulenta

C. ambrosia Sarg.[1]
C. ardula Sarg.[1]
C. bicknellii Eggl.[1]
C. celsa Sarg.[1]
C. macracantha Loudon[1]
C. neofluvialis Ashe[1]
C. occidentalis Britton[2]
...many others[1]

Crataegus succulenta is a species of hawthorn known by the common names fleshy hawthorn,[3] succulent hawthorn,[3] and round-fruited cockspurthorn.[4] It is "the most wide-ranging hawthorn in North America",[2] native to much of southern Canada, and the United States as far south as Arizona, New Mexico, Kansas, Missouri, North Carolina, and Tennessee.[2] In this wide area there are many variant forms that have received species names, but can also be considered as synonyms. It is thought to be the parent, along with Crataegus crus-galli, of the tetraploid species Crataegus persimilis.

The fruit is edible and can be made into jelly or crushed to make tea.[5]



  1. ^ a b c d e f g USDA, NRCS (n.d.). "Crataegus succulenta Schrad. ex Link". The PLANTS Database ( Greensboro, North Carolina: National Plant Data Team. Retrieved 7 June 2022.
  2. ^ a b c Phipps, J.B.; O’Kennon, R.J.; Lance, R.W. (2003). Hawthorns and medlars. Cambridge, U.K.: Royal Horticultural Society. ISBN 0881925918.
  3. ^ a b "Crataegus succulenta". Germplasm Resources Information Network. Agricultural Research Service, United States Department of Agriculture. Retrieved 16 January 2018.
  4. ^ BSBI List 2007 (xls). Botanical Society of Britain and Ireland. Archived from the original (xls) on 26 June 2015. Retrieved 17 October 2014.
  5. ^ Elias, Thomas S.; Dykeman, Peter A. (2009) [1982]. Edible Wild Plants: A North American Field Guide to Over 200 Natural Foods. New York: Sterling. pp. 237–38. ISBN 978-1-4027-6715-9. OCLC 244766414.

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