Crataeis

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In Greek mythology, Crataeis (Κραται-ίς, -ίδος, alt. Crataiis) is, by some accounts, the mother of Scylla. In Homer's Odyssey, Circe tells Odysseus:[1]

"Nay, row past with all thy might, and call upon Crataiis, the mother of Scylla, who bore her for a bane to mortals. Then will she keep her from darting forth again." (Translation by A. T. Murray)

Several authors follow Homer in assigning Crataeis as the mother of Scylla, see Ovid, Metamorphoses 13.749; Apollodorus, E7.20; Servius on Virgil Aeneid 3.420; and schol. on Plato, Republic 588c.[2] Neither Homer nor Ovid mention a father for Scylla, but Apollodorus says that the father was either Trienus (Triton?) or Phorcus (a variant of Phorkys), similarly the Plato scholiast, perhaps following Apollodorus, gives the father as Tyrrhenus or Phorcus, while Eustathius on Homer, Odyssey 12.85 gives the father as Triton.

Other authors have Hecate as Scylla's mother. The Hesiodic Megalai Ehoiai gives Hecate and Phorbas as the parents of Scylla,[3] while Acusilaus says that Scylla's parents were Hecate and Phorkys (so also schol. Odyssey 12.85).[4] Perhaps trying to reconcile these conflicting accounts, Apollonius of Rhodes says that Crataeis was another name for Hecate, and that she and Phorcys were the parents of Scylla.[5] Likewise, Semos of Delos (FGrHist 396 F 22) says that Crataeis was the daughter of Hecate and Triton, and mother of Scylla by Deimos. Stesichorus (alone) names Lamia as the mother of Scylla, possibly the Lamia who was the daughter of Poseidon,[6] while according to Hyginus, Scylla was the offspring of Typhon and Echidna.[7]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Homer, Odyssey 12.124–126.
  2. ^ Other accounts give other parents for Scylla, for discussions of the parentage of Scylla, see Fowler 2013, p. 32, Ogden, p. 134; Gantz, pp. 731–732; and Frazer's note to Apollodorus, E7.20.
  3. ^ Megalai Ehoiai fr. 262 MW = Most 200.
  4. ^ Acusilaus. fr. 42 Fowler (Fowler, p. 32).
  5. ^ Apollonius of Rhodes, Argonautica 4. 828–829 (pp. 350–351).
  6. ^ Stesichorus, F220 PMG (Campbell, pp. 132–133).
  7. ^ Hyginus, Fabulae Preface, 151.

References[edit]