Crater Union order of battle

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The following Union Army units and commanders fought in the Battle of the Crater (July 30, 1864) of the American Civil War. The Confederate order of battle is listed separately.

Abbreviations used[edit]

Military Rank[edit]


Union Forces[edit]

General in Chief[edit]

LTG Ulysses S. Grant, commander in chief

Army of the Potomac[edit]

MG George Meade

Provost Guard:
BG Marsena R. Patrick

Engineer Brigade:
BG Henry Washington Benham

  • 15th New York Engineers (5 companies): Maj William A. Ketchum
  • 50th New York Engineers:
  • Battalion U.S. Engineers: Cpt George H. Mendell

Signal Corps: Cpt Benjamin F. Fisher

Guards and Orderlies:

  • Independent Company Oneida Cavalry (New York): Cpt Daniel P. Mann

IX Corps[edit]

MG Ambrose Burnside

Provost Guard:

Division Brigade Regiments and Others

First Division
     BG James H. Ledlie

1st Brigade

   BG William F. Bartlett (c)
   Ltc Joseph H. Barnes

  • 21st Massachusetts: Cpt William H. Clark (mw)
  • 29th Massachusetts: Ltc Joseph H. Barnes, Cpt Willard D. Tripp
  • 56th Massachusetts: Col Stephen M. Weld (c), Cpt Charles D. Lamb
  • 57th Massachusetts: Maj Albert Prescott (k), Cpt Edson A Dresser (k), Lt Albert Doty
  • 59th Massachusetts: Col Jacob P. Gould (mw), Ltc John Hodges (k), Cpt Ezra P Gould
  • 100th Pennsylvania: Maj Thomas J. Hamilton (mw), Cpt Walter Oliver (k), Cpt Joseph H. Pentecost
2nd Brigade

   Col Elisha Marshall (c)
   Ltc. Gilbert P. Robinson

  • 3rd Maryland (4 companies) : Ltc Gilbert P. Robinson, Cpt David J. Weaver
  • 14th New York Heavy Artillery: Maj Charles Chipman
  • 179th New York (7 companies): Maj John Barton (k), Cpt Albert A. Terrill
  • 2nd Pennsylvania Provisional Heavy Artillery: Ltc Benjamin G Barney (w), Cpt James W. Haig
Acting Engineers

Second Division
     BG Robert Brown Potter

1st Brigade

   Col Zenas Bliss

2nd Brigade

   BG Simon Goodell Griffin

Acting Engineers

Third Division
     BG Orlando B. Willcox

1st Brigade

   BG John F. Hartranft

2nd Brigade

   Col William Humphrey

Acting Engineers

Fourth Division
     BG Edward Ferrero

1st Brigade

   Ltc Joshua K. Sigfried

2nd Brigade

   Col Henry Goddard Thomas

Artillery Brigade

   Ltc J. Albert Monroe

Army of the James[edit]

MG Benjamin F. Butler

Siege Artillery: Col Henry L. Abbot

XVIII Corps[edit]

MG Edward Ord

X Corps[edit]

(attached to XVIII Corps)

Division Brigade Regiments and Others

Second Division
     BG John Wesley Turner

1st Brigade

   Col Newton Martin Curtis

2nd Brigade

   Ltc William B. Coan

3rd Brigade

   Col Louis Bell

See also[edit]


  • Kinard, Jeff. The Battle of the Crater (Abilene, TX: McWhiney Foundation Press), 1998. ISBN 1-886661-06-5