Crateva magna

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Crateva magna
Crataeva magna 01.JPG
Crataeva magna(2).jpg
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Eudicots
Clade: Rosids
Order: Brassicales
Family: Capparaceae
Genus: Crateva
C. magna
Binomial name
Crateva magna
(Lour.) DC

Crateva magna is a small wild or cultivated tree native to India, China, Bangladesh, Sri Lanka, Burma, Indo-China, Indonesia, and Malaysia.[1] It is often found along streams,[2] also in dry, deep boulder formations in Sub-Himalayan tracts.

Crateva religiosa, C. tapia, and C. nurvala are sometimes considered to be synonyms of this species.[3]


Medicinal uses[edit]

The dried bark is used raw drug in traditional systems of medicine in India such as Ayurveda, siddha etc. The decoction of bark is internally administered to cure diseases like renal calculi, dysuria, helminthiasis, inflammations and abscesses. The decoction exhibits actions like carminative, laxative, thermogenic, diuretic, lithontriptic, expectorant and demulcent.[4] The leaf and stem bark have been evaluated for their antioxidant activity and inhibition of key enzymes relevant to hyperglycemia.[5]

Parts used[edit]

Dried bark and leaves are used for medicinal purposes.[6]


  1. ^ Mingli Zhang and Gordon C. Tucker (2008), "Crateva magna (Loureiro) Candolle, Prodr. 1: 243. 1824", Flora of China Online, 7
  2. ^ Nalini, MS; Mahesh, B; Tejesvi, MV; Prakash, HS; Subbaiah, V; Kini, KR; Shetty, HS (2005). "Fungal endophytes from the three-leaved caper, Crataeva magna (Lour.) DC. (Capparidaceae)". Mycopathologia. 159 (2): 245–9. doi:10.1007/s11046-004-5497-y. PMID 15770450.
  3. ^ "Images and Information of Crataeva magna". Indian Medicinal Plants Database. Institute for Ayurveda and Integrative Medicine.
  4. ^ Bhattacharjee, Atanu; Shashidhara, Shastry Chakrakodi; Aswathanarayana (2012). "Phytochemical and ethno-pharmacological profile of Crataeva nurvala Buch-Hum (Varuna): A review". Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Biomedicine. 2 (2): S1162–8. doi:10.1016/S2221-1691(12)60379-7.
  5. ^ Loganayaki, Nataraj; Manian, Sellamuthu (2012). "Evaluation of Indian sacred tree Crataeva magna (Lour.) DC. For antioxidant activity and inhibition of key enzymes relevant to hyperglycemia". Journal of Bioscience and Bioengineering. 113 (3): 378–80. doi:10.1016/j.jbiosc.2011.10.020. PMID 22196938.
  6. ^[full citation needed] Archived July 23, 2013, at the Wayback Machine

External Links[edit]