Craven County, North Carolina

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Craven County, North Carolina
Seal of Craven County, North Carolina
Seal
Map of North Carolina highlighting Craven County
Location in the U.S. state of North Carolina
Map of the United States highlighting North Carolina
North Carolina's location in the U.S.
Founded 1739
Named for William, Earl of Craven
Seat New Bern
Largest city New Bern
Area
 • Total 774 sq mi (2,005 km2)
 • Land 709 sq mi (1,836 km2)
 • Water 65 sq mi (168 km2), 8.4%
Population
 • (2010) 103,505
 • Density 146/sq mi (56/km²)
Congressional district 3rd
Time zone Eastern: UTC-5/-4
Website www.cravencounty.com

Craven County is a county located in the U.S. state of North Carolina. As of the 2010 census, the population was 103,505.[1] Its county seat is New Bern.[2] The county was created in 1705 as Archdale Precinct from the now-extinct Bath County. It was renamed Craven Precinct in 1712 and gained county status in 1739.[3][4] It is named for William, Earl of Craven, who lived from 1606-1697.

Craven County is part of the New Bern, NC, Micropolitan Statistical Area.

Geography[edit]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 774 square miles (2,000 km2), of which 709 square miles (1,840 km2) is land and 65 square miles (170 km2) (8.4%) is water.[5]

Adjacent counties[edit]

National protected area[edit]

Major highways[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1790 10,474
1800 10,245 −2.2%
1810 12,676 23.7%
1820 13,394 5.7%
1830 13,734 2.5%
1840 13,438 −2.2%
1850 14,709 9.5%
1860 16,268 10.6%
1870 20,516 26.1%
1880 19,729 −3.8%
1890 20,533 4.1%
1900 24,160 17.7%
1910 25,594 5.9%
1920 29,048 13.5%
1930 30,665 5.6%
1940 31,298 2.1%
1950 48,823 56.0%
1960 58,773 20.4%
1970 62,554 6.4%
1980 71,043 13.6%
1990 81,613 14.9%
2000 91,436 12.0%
2010 103,505 13.2%
Est. 2016 103,445 [6] −0.1%
U.S. Decennial Census[7]
1790-1960[8] 1900-1990[9]
1990-2000[10] 2010-2013[1]

As of the census[11] of 2000, there were 91,436 people, 34,582 households, and 25,071 families residing in the county. The population density was 129 people per square mile (50/km²). There were 38,150 housing units at an average density of 54 per square mile (21/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 69.94% White, 25.12% Black or African American, 0.42% Native American, 0.99% Asian, 0.06% Pacific Islander, 1.78% from other races, and 1.68% from two or more races. 4.02% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 34,582 households out of which 33.30% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 56.80% were married couples living together, 12.50% had a female householder with no husband present, and 27.50% were non-families. 23.40% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.90% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.50 and the average family size was 2.93.

In the county, the population was spread out with 24.60% under the age of 18, 12.80% from 18 to 24, 27.90% from 25 to 44, 21.20% from 45 to 64, and 13.40% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34 years. For every 100 females there were 101.90 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 101.50 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $35,966, and the median income for a family was $42,574. Males had a median income of $28,163 versus $21,412 for females. The per capita income for the county was $18,423. About 9.90% of families and 13.10% of the population were below the poverty line, including 18.50% of those under age 18 and 11.00% of those age 65 or over.

Communities[edit]

Map of Craven County, North Carolina With Municipal and Township Labels

Cities[edit]

Towns[edit]

Census-designated places[edit]

Other unincorporated communities[edit]

Politics, law and government[edit]

Craven County vote
by party in presidential elections[12]
Year Republican Democratic Other
2016[13] 59.0% 27,731 37.5% 17,630 3.5% 1,640
2012[14] 58.3% 26,928 40.6% 18,763 1.0% 479
2008[15] 55.8% 24,901 43.4% 19,352 0.8% 345
2004[16] 62.4% 23,575 37.1% 14,019 0.4% 162
2000[17] 60.9% 19,494 38.2% 12,213 0.9% 278
1996[18] 52.7% 13,264 41.0% 10,317 6.4% 1,610
1992[19] 45.8% 11,575 39.5% 9,998 14.7% 3,714
1988[20] 62.1% 12,057 37.7% 7,313 0.2% 47
1984[21] 64.0% 12,893 35.7% 7,186 0.3% 55
1980[22] 51.0% 8,554 46.4% 7,781 2.7% 448
1976[23] 43.4% 5,881 55.8% 7,553 0.8% 109
1972[24] 78.7% 9,372 20.0% 2,384 1.2% 147
1968[25] 21.8% 2,991 30.9% 4,240 47.4% 6,509
1964[26] 38.7% 4,691 61.3% 7,422
1960[27] 34.0% 3,680 66.0% 7,158
1956 31.9% 2,956 68.1% 6,317
1952 31.7% 2,822 68.3% 6,092
1948 11.9% 745 80.3% 5,039 7.9% 494
1944 14.5% 826 85.5% 4,872
1940 11.3% 626 88.7% 4,916
1936 7.6% 453 92.4% 5,543
1932 9.6% 466 90.0% 4,375 0.4% 19
1928 47.3% 2,237 52.7% 2,494
1924 9.8% 325 88.9% 2,942 1.3% 44
1920 17.6% 731 82.4% 3,413

Craven is a typical “Solid South” county in its presidential voting patterns. It was rock-ribbed Democratic until the 1960s: in five elections from 1932 to 1948 the Republican Party did not reach fifteen percent of the vote, and only in 1928 when a large anti-Catholic vote was cast against Al Smith did the GOP reach twenty percent between at least 1912 and 1948. The national Democratic party’s support for black Civil Rights caused its white electorate to defect to George Wallace’s American Independent campaign in 1968. After that, Craven has become a strongly Republican county. The last Democrat to carry Craven County was Jimmy Carter in 1976.

Craven County is a member of the regional Eastern Carolina Council of Governments.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved October 18, 2013. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on 2011-05-31. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ "North Carolina: Individual County Chronologies". North Carolina Atlas of Historical County Boundaries. The Newberry Library. 2009. Retrieved January 22, 2015. 
  4. ^ "Craven County". NCpedia. State Library of North Carolina. January 1, 2006. Retrieved January 22, 2015. 
  5. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Archived from the original on January 12, 2015. Retrieved January 13, 2015. 
  6. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017. 
  7. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on May 12, 2015. Retrieved January 13, 2015. 
  8. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved January 13, 2015. 
  9. ^ Forstall, Richard L., ed. (March 27, 1995). "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 13, 2015. 
  10. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. April 2, 2001. Retrieved January 13, 2015. 
  11. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2013-09-11. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  12. ^ Scammon, Richard M. (compiler); America at the Polls: A Handbook of Presidential Election Statistics 1920-1964; pp. 324-333 ISBN 0405077114
  13. ^ "2016 Presidential General Election Data Graphs – North Carolina". Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections. Retrieved May 18, 2017. 
  14. ^ "2012 Presidential General Election Data Graphs – North Carolina". Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections. Retrieved May 18, 2017. 
  15. ^ "2008 Presidential General Election Data Graphs – North Carolina". Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections. Retrieved May 18, 2017. 
  16. ^ "2004 Presidential General Election Data Graphs – North Carolina". Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections. Retrieved May 18, 2017. 
  17. ^ "2000 Presidential General Election Data Graphs – North Carolina". Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections. Retrieved May 18, 2017. 
  18. ^ "1996 Presidential General Election Data Graphs – North Carolina". Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections. Retrieved May 18, 2017. 
  19. ^ "1992 Presidential General Election Data Graphs – North Carolina". Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections. Retrieved May 18, 2017. 
  20. ^ "1988 Presidential General Election Data Graphs – North Carolina". Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections. Retrieved May 18, 2017. 
  21. ^ "1984 Presidential General Election Data Graphs – North Carolina". Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections. Retrieved May 18, 2017. 
  22. ^ "1980 Presidential General Election Data Graphs – North Carolina". Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections. Retrieved May 18, 2017. 
  23. ^ "1976 Presidential General Election Data Graphs – North Carolina". Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections. Retrieved May 18, 2017. 
  24. ^ "1972 Presidential General Election Data Graphs – North Carolina". Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections. Retrieved May 18, 2017. 
  25. ^ "1968 Presidential General Election Data Graphs – North Carolina". Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections. Retrieved May 18, 2017. 
  26. ^ "1964 Presidential General Election Data Graphs – North Carolina". Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections. Retrieved May 18, 2017. 
  27. ^ "1960 Presidential General Election Data Graphs – North Carolina". Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections. Retrieved May 18, 2017. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 35°6′33″N 77°4′9″W / 35.10917°N 77.06917°W / 35.10917; -77.06917