Crawford, Georgia

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Crawford, Georgia
Location in Oglethorpe County and the state of Georgia
Location in Oglethorpe County and the state of Georgia
Coordinates: 33°53′0″N 83°9′19″W / 33.88333°N 83.15528°W / 33.88333; -83.15528Coordinates: 33°53′0″N 83°9′19″W / 33.88333°N 83.15528°W / 33.88333; -83.15528
CountryUnited States
StateGeorgia
CountyOglethorpe
Area
 • Total1.2 sq mi (3 km2)
 • Land1.2 sq mi (3 km2)
 • Water0 sq mi (0 km2)
Elevation
778 ft (237 m)
Population
 (2010)
 • Total832
 • Estimate 
(2016)[1]
828
 • Density700/sq mi (269/km2)
Time zoneUTC-5 (Eastern (EST))
 • Summer (DST)UTC-4 (EDT)
ZIP code
30630
Area code(s)706
FIPS code13-20288[2]
GNIS feature ID0355367[3]

Crawford is a city in Oglethorpe County, Georgia, United States. The population was 807 at the 2000 census.

History[edit]

Crawford was originally called "Lexington Depot", and under the latter name had its start when the railroad was extended to that point.[4] The Georgia General Assembly incorporated the place as the "Town of Crawford" in 1876.[5] The present name is after William H. Crawford (1772–1834), U.S. Secretary of War and Secretary of the Treasury.[6]

Geography[edit]

Crawford is located at 33°53′0″N 83°9′19″W / 33.88333°N 83.15528°W / 33.88333; -83.15528 (33.883289, -83.155413).[7]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 1.2 square miles (3.1 km2), all land.

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1880312
1900308
1910871182.8%
1920803−7.8%
1930538−33.0%
194081250.9%
1950555−31.7%
1960541−2.5%
197062415.3%
1980498−20.2%
199069439.4%
200080716.3%
20108323.1%
Est. 2016828[1]−0.5%
U.S. Decennial Census[8]

As of the census[2] of 2000, there were 807 people, 326 households, and 203 families residing in the city. The population density was 687.5 people per square mile (266.3/km²). There were 369 housing units at an average density of 314.4 per square mile (121.8/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 68.77% White, 29.49% African American, 0.12% Native American, 0.37% Asian, and 1.24% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.24% of the population.

There were 326 households out of which 28.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 38.7% were married couples living together, 19.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 37.7% were non-families. 33.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 17.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.29 and the average family size was 2.93.

In the city, the population was spread out with 23.0% under the age of 18, 8.7% from 18 to 24, 24.4% from 25 to 44, 20.0% from 45 to 64, and 23.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females, there were 71.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 67.4 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $19,917, and the median income for a family was $32,969. Males had a median income of $27,500 versus $19,028 for females. The per capita income for the city was $13,934. About 15.5% of families and 23.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 19.6% of those under age 18 and 26.4% of those age 65 or over.

Infrastructure[edit]

Transportation[edit]

Crawford is bisected east to west by U.S. Route 78. North Avenue is the primary northbound thoroughfare. The only traffic light in Oglethorpe County is at the intersection of U.S. 78 and North Avenue. Maxeys Road is the primary southbound thoroughfare. Smokey Road and Park Avenue are also primary residential streets leading out of town. Church Street and Elm Street are divided one-way streets in the heart of town that create the town plaza, where many local cultural and commercial activities are held.[9] The nearest airport is Athens Ben-Epps Airport. Passenger rail in Crawford was maintained by the Georgia Railroad until 1984.[10] Intercity bus service provided by Greyhound Lines runs a route through Crawford, though the loading point is in nearby Athens.

Utilities[edit]

Electricity is provided directly by Georgia Power. Water and sewage are provided by the city. The city maintains two treatment plants: one is located off U.S. 78 near the western city limit, while the second is located off Waterworks Road at the end of Park Avenue on the eastern city limit. The city also provides water services to some parts of Oglethorpe County as well as the county school system.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017.
  2. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2013-09-11. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  3. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  4. ^ "Oglethorpe County". New Georgia Encyclopedia. Retrieved 15 April 2018.
  5. ^ New York Public Library (1912). Bulletin of the New York Public Library. New York Public Library. p. 699.
  6. ^ Krakow, Kenneth K. (1975). Georgia Place-Names: Their History and Origins (PDF). Macon, GA: Winship Press. p. 54. ISBN 0-915430-00-2.
  7. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
  8. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Archived from the original on April 26, 2015. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
  9. ^ https://maps.google.com/maps?q=%22crawford,+ga&sourceid=navclient-ff&rlz=1B2GGGL_enUS176&um=1&ie=UTF-8&split=0&gl=us&ei=YwKaSrT4EcOGtgfZ94S6BA&sa=X&oi=geocode_result&ct=title&resnum=1
  10. ^ http://railga.com/georgia.html