Crawford County, Arkansas

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Crawford County
Crawford County Courthouse within the Van Buren Historic District
Crawford County Courthouse within the Van Buren Historic District
Map of Arkansas highlighting Crawford County
Location within the U.S. state of Arkansas
Map of the United States highlighting Arkansas
Arkansas's location within the U.S.
Coordinates: 35°34′00″N 94°15′00″W / 35.566666666667°N 94.25°W / 35.566666666667; -94.25
Country United States
State Arkansas
Named forWilliam H. Crawford
SeatVan Buren
Largest cityVan Buren
Area
 • Total604 sq mi (1,560 km2)
 • Land593 sq mi (1,540 km2)
 • Water11 sq mi (30 km2)  1.8%%
Population
 (2010)
 • Total61,948
 • Estimate 
(2019)
63,257
 • Density100/sq mi (40/km2)
Time zoneUTC−6 (Central)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−5 (CDT)
Congressional districts3rd, 4th
Websitewww.crawford-county.org

Crawford County is a county located in the Ozarks region of the U.S. state of Arkansas. As of the 2010 census, the population was 61,948, making it the 12th-most populous of Arkansas's 75 counties.[1] The county seat and largest city is Van Buren.[2] Crawford County was formed on October 18, 1820, from the former Lovely County and Indian Territory, and was named for William H. Crawford, the United States Secretary of War in 1815.[3]

Located largely within the Ozarks, the southern border of the county is the Arkansas River, placing the extreme southern edge of the county in the Arkansas River Valley. The frontier county became an early crossroads, beginning with a California Gold Rush and developing into the Butterfield Overland Mail, Civil War trails and railroads such as the St. Louis and San Francisco Railway, the Little Rock and Fort Smith Railroad, and the St. Louis, Iron Mountain and Southern Railway. Today the county is home to the intersection of two major interstate highways, Interstate 40 (I-40) and I-49. Crawford County is part of the Fort Smith metropolitan area. As a dry county, alcohol sales are generally prohibited, though recent changes to county law provide for exemptions.

Geography[edit]

Crawford County is located in the northwest region of Arkansas. According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 604 square miles (1,560 km2), of which 593 square miles (1,540 km2) is land and 11 square miles (28 km2) (1.8%) is water.[4]

Major highways[edit]

Crawford County is included in an area designated for a planned extension of I-49 into Arkansas. The final project will connect New Orleans, Louisiana, to Kansas City, Missouri, a large trucking corridor which is currently not served by an Interstate highway. The proposed highway would utilize portions of I-49 which currently runs north from Van Buren toward the Missouri state line passing through Benton County, home of Walmart. The corridor was listed as the number-one high-priority corridor by transportation officials in the Intermodal Surface Transportation Efficiency Act.

Adjacent counties[edit]

National protected area[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
18302,440
18404,26674.8%
18507,96086.6%
18607,850−1.4%
18708,95714.1%
188014,74064.6%
189021,71447.3%
190021,270−2.0%
191023,94212.6%
192025,7397.5%
193022,549−12.4%
194023,9206.1%
195022,727−5.0%
196021,318−6.2%
197025,67720.4%
198036,89243.7%
199042,49315.2%
200053,24725.3%
201061,94816.3%
2019 (est.)63,257[5]2.1%
U.S. Decennial Census[6]
1790–1960[7] 1900–1990[8]
1990–2000[9] 2010–2016[1]

2020 census[edit]

Crawford County racial composition[10]
Race Number Percentage
White (non-Hispanic) 47,627 79.2%
Black or African American (non-Hispanic) 857 1.43%
Native American 1,366 2.27%
Asian 939 1.56%
Pacific Islander 27 0.04%
Other/Mixed 4,750 7.9%
Hispanic or Latino 4,567 7.59%

As of the 2020 United States census, there were 60,133 people, 23,958 households, and 17,082 families residing in the county.

2000 census[edit]

As of the 2000 census,[11] there were 53,247 people, 19,702 households, and 15,150 families residing in the county. The population density was 35/km2 (89/mi2). There were 21,315 housing units at an average density of 14/km2 (36/mi2). The racial makeup of the county was 92.19% White, 0.87% Black or African American, 2.01% Native American, 1.19% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 1.48% from other races, and 2.24% from two or more races. 3.27% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 19,702 households, out of which 37.50% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 62.20% were married couples living together, 10.90% had a female householder with no husband present, and 23.10% were non-families. 20.00% of all households were made up of individuals, and 8.20% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.68 and the average family size was 3.07.

In the county, the population was spread out, with 28.20% under the age of 18, 8.40% from 18 to 24, 29.30% from 25 to 44, 22.80% from 45 to 64, and 11.30% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females, there were 97.70 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 94.20 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $32,871, and the median income for a family was $36,741. Males had a median income of $29,581 versus $20,352 for females. The per capita income for the county was $15,015. About 10.90% of families and 14.20% of the population were below the poverty line, including 19.30% of those under age 18 and 13.70% of those age 65 or over.


Controversy[edit]

Thousands of self-claimed "Western Band of Cherokee" (or Arkansas Cherokees) fought for state and federal recognition as a political entity of Native Americans. Crawford County was historically part of the Cherokee Nation, which lost its tribal sovereignty status as a result of the U.S. Civil war in the 1860s. The Cherokee Nation was subsequently relocated to the west in the present-day state of Oklahoma.[citation needed]

Government[edit]

Crawford County is a longtime Republican stronghold, so much so that not even former governor and native Arkansan Bill Clinton was able to carry it in either of his presidential victories. The last Democrat (as of 2020) to carry this county was Jimmy Carter in 1976.

United States presidential election results for Crawford County, Arkansas[12]
Year Republican Democratic Third party
No.  % No.  % No.  %
2020 18,607 77.24% 4,959 20.58% 525 2.18%
2016 16,686 74.33% 4,488 19.99% 1,276 5.68%
2012 15,145 73.55% 4,881 23.70% 565 2.74%
2008 14,688 71.54% 5,238 25.51% 606 2.95%
2004 13,391 65.64% 6,764 33.16% 246 1.21%
2000 10,804 61.30% 6,288 35.68% 533 3.02%
1996 7,182 45.42% 6,749 42.68% 1,883 11.91%
1992 6,882 42.57% 6,656 41.18% 2,627 16.25%
1988 9,092 70.85% 3,582 27.91% 158 1.23%
1984 9,551 75.20% 3,071 24.18% 79 0.62%
1980 8,542 66.22% 3,948 30.61% 409 3.17%
1976 4,764 44.48% 5,946 55.52% 0 0.00%
1972 6,974 81.41% 1,520 17.74% 72 0.84%
1968 2,723 37.73% 1,578 21.86% 2,917 40.41%
1964 3,294 48.07% 3,537 51.62% 21 0.31%
1960 3,373 57.10% 2,430 41.14% 104 1.76%
1956 3,090 52.88% 2,723 46.60% 30 0.51%
1952 2,782 52.80% 2,477 47.01% 10 0.19%
1948 1,002 33.94% 1,730 58.60% 220 7.45%
1944 1,141 39.87% 1,702 59.47% 19 0.66%
1940 691 29.81% 1,581 68.21% 46 1.98%
1936 697 26.09% 1,963 73.47% 12 0.45%
1932 809 21.16% 2,962 77.46% 53 1.39%
1928 1,559 47.21% 1,743 52.79% 0 0.00%
1924 996 34.23% 1,445 49.66% 469 16.12%
1920 1,497 44.06% 1,861 54.77% 40 1.18%
1916 1,195 42.42% 1,622 57.58% 0 0.00%
1912 407 21.65% 969 51.54% 504 26.81%
1908 1,339 43.49% 1,661 53.95% 79 2.57%
1904 941 49.97% 875 46.47% 67 3.56%
1900 1,060 41.78% 1,449 57.11% 28 1.10%
1896 1,311 40.98% 1,870 58.46% 18 0.56%


Communities[edit]

Cities[edit]

Towns[edit]

Unincorporated community[edit]

Townships[edit]

Townships in Arkansas are the divisions of a county. Each township includes unincorporated areas; some may have incorporated cities or towns within part of their boundaries. Arkansas townships have limited purposes in modern times. However, the United States census does list Arkansas population based on townships (sometimes referred to as "county subdivisions" or "minor civil divisions"). Townships are also of value for historical purposes in terms of genealogical research. Each town or city is within one or more townships in an Arkansas county based on census maps and publications. The townships of Crawford County are listed below; listed in parentheses are the cities, towns, and/or census-designated places that are fully or partially inside the township. [13][14]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on June 7, 2011. Retrieved May 20, 2014.
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on May 31, 2011. Retrieved June 7, 2011.
  3. ^ Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. Govt. Print. Off. pp. 95.
  4. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Retrieved August 25, 2015.
  5. ^ "County Population Totals and Components of Change: 2010-2018". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved June 2, 2019.
  6. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved August 25, 2015.
  7. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved August 25, 2015.
  8. ^ Forstall, Richard L., ed. (March 27, 1995). "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved August 25, 2015.
  9. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. April 2, 2001. Retrieved August 25, 2015.
  10. ^ "Explore Census Data". data.census.gov. Retrieved January 1, 2022.
  11. ^ "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved May 14, 2011.
  12. ^ "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". Retrieved November 18, 2016.
  13. ^ 2011 Boundary and Annexation Survey (BAS): Crawford County, AR (PDF) (Map). U. S. Census Bureau. Archived from the original (PDF) on October 19, 2012. Retrieved August 25, 2011.
  14. ^ "Arkansas: 2010 Census Block Maps - County Subdivision". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved May 27, 2014.

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 35°34′N 94°15′W / 35.567°N 94.250°W / 35.567; -94.250