Crawford County, Illinois

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Crawford County, Illinois
Crawford County Courthouse in Robinson.jpg
Crawford County Courthouse in Robinson
Map of Illinois highlighting Crawford County
Location in the state of Illinois
Map of the United States highlighting Illinois
Illinois's location in the U.S.
Founded 1816
Named for William H. Crawford
Seat Robinson
Largest city Robinson
Area
 • Total 446 sq mi (1,155 km2)
 • Land 444 sq mi (1,150 km2)
 • Water 2.2 sq mi (6 km2), 0.5%
Population
 • (2010) 19,817
 • Density 45/sq mi (17/km²)
Congressional district 15th
Time zone Central: UTC-6/-5
Website www.crawfordcountycentral.com

Crawford County is a county located in the U.S. state of Illinois. As of the 2010 census, the population was 19,817.[1] Its county seat is Robinson.[2]

History[edit]

Crawford County was formed in Illinois Territory in 1816 out of Edwards County. At the time of its formation, it encompassed about one third of the State, but it was reduced to its present borders by 1831 as it spawned new counties. It was named in honor of William H. Crawford,[3] from Georgia, who was serving as Secretary of War and Secretary of the Treasury at the time. Crawford County was home to several battles between the settlers and Indians, and also the location of the only woman ever hanged in Illinois.

In 1818, the town of Palestine was designated as the county seat. After elections in 1843, a new site was chosen, which would become the town of Robinson.[4]

Geography[edit]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 446 square miles (1,160 km2), of which 444 square miles (1,150 km2) is land and 2.2 square miles (5.7 km2) (0.5%) is water.[5] Some of the county's eastern border is defined by the Wabash River.

Climate and weather[edit]

Robinson, Illinois
Climate chart (explanation)
J F M A M J J A S O N D
 
 
2.5
 
 
37
21
 
 
2.6
 
 
44
26
 
 
3.8
 
 
55
35
 
 
4
 
 
66
44
 
 
4.7
 
 
77
54
 
 
3.8
 
 
85
64
 
 
4.2
 
 
89
67
 
 
3.8
 
 
87
65
 
 
3.5
 
 
81
57
 
 
3
 
 
69
45
 
 
3.9
 
 
54
37
 
 
3.2
 
 
42
26
Average max. and min. temperatures in °F
Precipitation totals in inches
Source: The Weather Channel[6]

In recent years, average temperatures in the county seat of Robinson have ranged from a low of 21 °F (−6 °C) in January to a high of 89 °F (32 °C) in July, although a record low of −23 °F (−31 °C) was recorded in December 1989 and a record high of 114 °F (46 °C) was recorded in July 1954. Average monthly precipitation ranged from 2.45 inches (62 mm) in January to 4.67 inches (119 mm) in May.[6]

Adjacent counties[edit]

Major highways[edit]

Demographics[edit]

2000 census age pyramid for Crawford County
Historical population
Census Pop.
1820 3,022
1830 3,117 3.1%
1840 4,422 41.9%
1850 7,135 61.4%
1860 11,551 61.9%
1870 13,889 20.2%
1880 16,197 16.6%
1890 17,283 6.7%
1900 19,240 11.3%
1910 26,281 36.6%
1920 22,771 −13.4%
1930 21,085 −7.4%
1940 21,294 1.0%
1950 21,137 −0.7%
1960 20,751 −1.8%
1970 19,824 −4.5%
1980 20,818 5.0%
1990 19,464 −6.5%
2000 20,452 5.1%
2010 19,817 −3.1%
Est. 2013 19,505 −1.6%
U.S. Decennial Census[7]
1790-1960[8] 1900-1990[9]
1990-2000[10] 2010-2013[1]

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 19,817 people, 7,763 households, and 5,154 families residing in the county.[11] The population density was 44.7 inhabitants per square mile (17.3/km2). There were 8,661 housing units at an average density of 19.5 per square mile (7.5/km2).[5] The racial makeup of the county was 92.8% white, 4.7% black or African American, 0.5% Asian, 0.2% American Indian, 0.8% from other races, and 0.9% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 1.8% of the population.[11] In terms of ancestry, 25.0% were German, 14.4% were American, 12.4% were Irish, and 9.9% were English.[12]

Of the 7,763 households, 28.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 52.6% were married couples living together, 9.4% had a female householder with no husband present, 33.6% were non-families, and 29.1% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.36 and the average family size was 2.88. The median age was 41.7 years.[11]

The median income for a household in the county was $41,434 and the median income for a family was $51,218. Males had a median income of $40,050 versus $30,870 for females. The per capita income for the county was $21,545. About 11.1% of families and 16.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 27.0% of those under age 18 and 8.2% of those age 65 or over.[13]

Communities[edit]

Cities[edit]

Villages[edit]

Townships[edit]

Crawford County is divided into ten townships:

See also[edit]

Sources[edit]

  • Perrin, William Henry, ed.. History of Crawford and Clark Counties, Illinois Chicago, Illinois. O. L. Baskin & Co. (1883).

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 4, 2014. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. Govt. Print. Off. p. 95. 
  4. ^ Perrin, p. 42.
  5. ^ a b "Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - County". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2015-07-11. 
  6. ^ a b "Monthly Averages for Robinson, Illinois". The Weather Channel. Retrieved 2011-01-27. 
  7. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 4, 2014. 
  8. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved July 4, 2014. 
  9. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 4, 2014. 
  10. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 4, 2014. 
  11. ^ a b c "DP-1 Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2015-07-11. 
  12. ^ "DP02 SELECTED SOCIAL CHARACTERISTICS IN THE UNITED STATES – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2015-07-11. 
  13. ^ "DP03 SELECTED ECONOMIC CHARACTERISTICS – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2015-07-11. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 39°00′N 87°46′W / 39.00°N 87.76°W / 39.00; -87.76