Crawford County, Indiana

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Crawford County, Indiana
Map of Indiana highlighting Crawford County
Location in the state of Indiana
Map of the United States highlighting Indiana
Indiana's location in the U.S.
Founded 1818
Named for William H. Crawford
Seat English
Largest town Marengo
Area
 • Total 308.72 sq mi (800 km2)
 • Land 305.64 sq mi (792 km2)
 • Water 3.08 sq mi (8 km2), 1.00%
Population
 • (2010) 10,713
 • Density 35/sq mi (14/km²)
Congressional districts 8th, 9th
Time zone Eastern: UTC-5/-4
Website www.crawfordcountyindiana.com
Footnotes: Indiana county number 13

Crawford County is a county located in the U.S. state of Indiana. As of 2010, the population was 10,713.[1] The county seat is English.[2]

Geography[edit]

According to the 2010 census, the county has a total area of 308.72 square miles (799.6 km2), of which 305.64 square miles (791.6 km2) (or 99.00%) is land and 3.08 square miles (8.0 km2) (or 1.00%) is water.[3]

Cities and towns[edit]

Unincorporated areas[edit]

Townships[edit]

Major highways[edit]

Adjacent counties[edit]

National protected area[edit]

History[edit]

Crawford County was formed in 1818. Some say it was named for William H. Crawford, who was U.S. Treasury Secretary in 1818. Others say it was named for Col. William Crawford,[4] who fought in the French and Indian War and Revolutionary War, and who was burned and scalped by Indians in 1782 in what is now Wyandot County, Ohio. The county seat was in Leavenworth for several decades but eventually moved to English.[5]

Climate and weather[edit]

English, Indiana
Climate chart (explanation)
J F M A M J J A S O N D
 
 
3.7
 
 
41
21
 
 
3.5
 
 
48
24
 
 
4.8
 
 
59
33
 
 
4.7
 
 
69
41
 
 
5.1
 
 
77
49
 
 
4.8
 
 
85
59
 
 
4.2
 
 
88
63
 
 
3.9
 
 
87
61
 
 
3.6
 
 
81
53
 
 
3.1
 
 
70
41
 
 
4.4
 
 
57
34
 
 
4
 
 
46
25
Average max. and min. temperatures in °F
Precipitation totals in inches
Source: The Weather Channel[6]

In recent years, average temperatures in English have ranged from a low of 21 °F (−6 °C) in January to a high of 88 °F (31 °C) in July, although a record low of −31 °F (−35 °C) was recorded in January 1977 and a record high of 104 °F (40 °C) was recorded in July 1983. Average monthly precipitation ranged from 3.13 inches (80 mm) in October to 5.06 inches (129 mm) in May.[6]

Government[edit]

The county government is a constitutional body, and is granted specific powers by the Constitution of Indiana, and by the Indiana Code.

County Council: The county council is the legislative branch of the county government and controls all the spending and revenue collection in the county. Representatives are elected from county districts. The council members serve four-year terms. They are responsible for setting salaries, the annual budget, and special spending. The council also has limited authority to impose local taxes, in the form of an income and property tax that is subject to state level approval, excise taxes, and service taxes.[7][8]

Board of Commissioners: The executive body of the county is made of a board of commissioners. The commissioners are elected county-wide, in staggered terms, and each serves a four-year term. One of the commissioners, typically the most senior, serves as president. The commissioners are charged with executing the acts legislated by the council, collecting revenue, and managing the day-to-day functions of the county government.[7][8]

Court: The county maintains a small claims court that can handle some civil cases. The judge on the court is elected to a term of four years and must be a member of the Indiana Bar Association. The judge is assisted by a constable who is also elected to a four-year term. In some cases, court decisions can be appealed to the state level circuit court.[8]

County Officials: The county has several other elected offices, including sheriff, coroner, auditor, treasurer, recorder, surveyor, and circuit court clerk. Each of these elected officers serves a term of four years and oversees a different part of county government. Members elected to county government positions are required to declare a party affiliation and to be residents of the county.[8]

Crawford County is part of Indiana's 9th congressional district and is represented in Congress by Republican Todd Young. It is also part of Indiana Senate district 47[9] and Indiana House of Representatives district 73.[10]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1820 2,583
1830 3,238 25.4%
1840 5,282 63.1%
1850 6,524 23.5%
1860 8,226 26.1%
1870 9,851 19.8%
1880 12,356 25.4%
1890 13,941 12.8%
1900 13,476 −3.3%
1910 12,057 −10.5%
1920 11,201 −7.1%
1930 10,160 −9.3%
1940 10,171 0.1%
1950 9,289 −8.7%
1960 8,379 −9.8%
1970 8,033 −4.1%
1980 9,820 22.2%
1990 9,914 1.0%
2000 10,743 8.4%
2010 10,713 −0.3%
Est. 2013 10,621 −0.9%
U.S. Decennial Census[11]
1790-1960[12] 1900-1990[13]
1990-2000[14] 2010-2013[1]

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 10,713 people, 4,303 households, and 2,991 families residing in the county.[15] The population density was 35.1 inhabitants per square mile (13.6/km2). There were 5,520 housing units at an average density of 18.1 per square mile (7.0/km2).[3] The racial makeup of the county was 97.4% white, 0.4% American Indian, 0.2% black or African American, 0.2% Asian, 0.1% Pacific islander, 0.6% from other races, and 1.1% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 1.2% of the population.[15] In terms of ancestry, 23.8% were German, 17.4% were Irish, 13.4% were American, and 8.7% were English.[16]

Of the 4,303 households, 30.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 54.6% were married couples living together, 9.7% had a female householder with no husband present, 30.5% were non-families, and 25.6% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.48 and the average family size was 2.95. The median age was 41.8 years.[15]

The median income for a household in the county was $47,697 and the median income for a family was $46,073. Males had a median income of $36,465 versus $26,005 for females. The per capita income for the county was $18,598. About 17.4% of families and 18.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 25.0% of those under age 18 and 15.0% of those age 65 or over.[17]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Crawford County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-09-17. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ a b "Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - County". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2015-07-10. 
  4. ^ Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. Govt. Print. Off. p. 95. 
  5. ^ De Witt Clinton Goodrich & Charles Richard Tuttle (1875). An Illustrated History of the State of Indiana. Indiana: R. S. Peale & co. p. 552. 
  6. ^ a b "Monthly Averages for English, Indiana". The Weather Channel. Retrieved 2011-01-27. 
  7. ^ a b Indiana Code. "Title 36, Article 2, Section 3". IN.gov. Retrieved 2008-09-16. 
  8. ^ a b c d Indiana Code. "Title 2, Article 10, Section 2" (PDF). IN.gov. Retrieved 2008-09-16. 
  9. ^ "Indiana Senate Districts". State of Indiana. Retrieved 2011-01-23. 
  10. ^ "Indiana House Districts". State of Indiana. Retrieved 2011-01-23. 
  11. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 10, 2014. 
  12. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved July 10, 2014. 
  13. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 10, 2014. 
  14. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 10, 2014. 
  15. ^ a b c "DP-1 Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2015-07-10. 
  16. ^ "DP02 SELECTED SOCIAL CHARACTERISTICS IN THE UNITED STATES – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2015-07-10. 
  17. ^ "DP03 SELECTED ECONOMIC CHARACTERISTICS – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2015-07-10. 

External links[edit]

Sources[edit]

  • Forstall, Richard L. (editor) (1996). Population of states and counties of the United States: 1790 to 1990 : from the twenty-one decennial censuses. United States Department of Commerce, Bureau of the Census, Population Division. ISBN 0-934213-48-8. 

Coordinates: 38°17′N 86°28′W / 38.29°N 86.46°W / 38.29; -86.46