Crawford County, Indiana

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Crawford County
Crawford County Courthouse in English
Crawford County Courthouse in English
Map of Indiana highlighting Crawford County
Location within the U.S. state of Indiana
Map of the United States highlighting Indiana
Indiana's location within the U.S.
Coordinates: 38°17′N 86°28′W / 38.29°N 86.46°W / 38.29; -86.46
Country United States
State Indiana
Founded1818
Named forWilliam H. Crawford
SeatEnglish
Largest townMarengo
Area
 • Total308.72 sq mi (799.6 km2)
 • Land305.64 sq mi (791.6 km2)
 • Water3.08 sq mi (8.0 km2)  1.00%%
Population
 (2020)
 • Total10,526 Decrease
 • Density34/sq mi (13/km2)
Time zoneUTC−5 (Eastern)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−4 (EDT)
Congressional districts8th, 9th
Websitewww.crawfordcounty.in.gov
Indiana county number 13

Crawford County is a county located in the U.S. state of Indiana. As of 2020, the population was 10,526.[1] The county seat is English.[2]

Geography[edit]

According to the 2010 census, the county has a total area of 308.72 square miles (799.6 km2), of which 305.64 square miles (791.6 km2) (or 99.00%) is land and 3.08 square miles (8.0 km2) (or 1.00%) is water.[3] Much like the rest of Southern Indiana Crawford County is made up of many wooded hills.

Cities and towns[edit]

Unincorporated areas[edit]

Townships[edit]

Major highways[edit]

Adjacent counties[edit]

National protected area[edit]

History[edit]

Crawford County was formed on January 5, 1818, from land in the Harrison, Orange and Perry counties, prompted by petition of what would become Crawford County's population.[4] Some say it was named for William H. Crawford, who was U.S. Treasury Secretary in 1818. Others say it was named for Col. William Crawford,[5] who fought in the French and Indian War and Revolutionary War, and who was burned and scalped by Indians in 1782 in what is now Wyandot County, Ohio. The county seat was in Leavenworth for several decades but eventually moved to English.[6]

Bands of "White Caps" terrorized the county in the late 1880s, according to a report by Attorney General Louis T. Michener. Blacks and others they disliked were forced out; victims both male and female were severely whipped.[7]

Climate and weather[edit]

English, Indiana
Climate chart (explanation)
J
F
M
A
M
J
J
A
S
O
N
D
 
 
3.7
 
 
41
21
 
 
3.5
 
 
48
24
 
 
4.8
 
 
59
33
 
 
4.7
 
 
69
41
 
 
5.1
 
 
77
49
 
 
4.8
 
 
85
59
 
 
4.2
 
 
88
63
 
 
3.9
 
 
87
61
 
 
3.6
 
 
81
53
 
 
3.1
 
 
70
41
 
 
4.4
 
 
57
34
 
 
4
 
 
46
25
Average max. and min. temperatures in °F
Precipitation totals in inches
Source: The Weather Channel[8]
Metric conversion
J
F
M
A
M
J
J
A
S
O
N
D
 
 
93
 
 
5
−6
 
 
89
 
 
9
−4
 
 
122
 
 
15
1
 
 
120
 
 
21
5
 
 
129
 
 
25
9
 
 
122
 
 
29
15
 
 
108
 
 
31
17
 
 
99
 
 
31
16
 
 
90
 
 
27
12
 
 
80
 
 
21
5
 
 
110
 
 
14
1
 
 
101
 
 
8
−4
Average max. and min. temperatures in °C
Precipitation totals in mm

In recent years, average temperatures in English have ranged from a low of 21 °F (−6 °C) in January to a high of 88 °F (31 °C) in July, although a record low of −31 °F (−35 °C) was recorded in January 1977 and a record high of 104 °F (40 °C) was recorded in July 1983. Average monthly precipitation ranged from 3.13 inches (80 mm) in October to 5.06 inches (129 mm) in May.[8]

Government[edit]

The county government is a constitutional body, and is granted specific powers by the Constitution of Indiana, and by the Indiana Code.

County Council: The county council is the fiscal branch of the county government and controls all the spending and revenue collection in the county. Representatives are elected from county districts. The council members serve four-year terms. They are responsible for setting salaries, the annual budget, and special spending. The council also has limited authority to impose local taxes, in the form of an income and property tax that is subject to state level approval, excise taxes, and service taxes.[9][10]

Board of Commissioners: The executive body of the county is made of a board of commissioners. The commissioners are elected county-wide, in staggered terms, and each serves a four-year term. One of the commissioners, typically the most senior, serves as president. The commissioners are charged with executing the acts legislated by the council, collecting revenue, and managing the day-to-day functions of the county government.[9][10]

Court: The county maintains a small claims court that can handle some civil cases. The judge on the court is elected to a term of four years and must be a member of the Indiana Bar Association. The judge is assisted by a constable who is also elected to a four-year term. In some cases, court decisions can be appealed to the state level circuit court.[10]

County Officials: The county has several other elected offices, including sheriff, coroner, auditor, treasurer, recorder, surveyor, and circuit court clerk. Each of these elected officers serves a term of four years and oversees a different part of county government. Members elected to county government positions are required to declare a party affiliation and to be residents of the county.[10]

Crawford County is part of Indiana's 9th congressional district and is represented in Congress by Republican Trey Hollingsworth. It is also part of Indiana Senate district 47[11] and Indiana House of Representatives district 73.[12]

United States presidential election results for Crawford County, Indiana[13]
Year Republican Democratic Third party
No.  % No.  % No.  %
2020 3,483 70.39% 1,355 27.38% 110 2.22%
2016 3,015 64.95% 1,323 28.50% 304 6.55%
2012 2,421 52.75% 2,041 44.47% 128 2.79%
2008 2,393 50.44% 2,286 48.19% 65 1.37%
2004 2,609 57.04% 1,932 42.24% 33 0.72%
2000 2,327 55.29% 1,817 43.17% 65 1.54%
1996 1,759 36.57% 2,324 48.32% 727 15.11%
1992 1,903 38.11% 2,260 45.25% 831 16.64%
1988 2,532 55.09% 2,036 44.30% 28 0.61%
1984 2,633 53.63% 2,256 45.95% 21 0.43%
1980 2,554 52.51% 2,130 43.79% 180 3.70%
1976 2,181 44.08% 2,721 54.99% 46 0.93%
1972 2,623 58.96% 1,801 40.48% 25 0.56%
1968 2,132 49.81% 1,536 35.89% 612 14.30%
1964 1,828 41.74% 2,514 57.40% 38 0.87%
1960 2,915 55.47% 2,305 43.86% 35 0.67%
1956 2,694 51.96% 2,433 46.92% 58 1.12%
1952 2,750 51.85% 2,457 46.32% 97 1.83%
1948 2,427 46.97% 2,625 50.80% 115 2.23%
1944 2,488 50.50% 2,335 47.39% 104 2.11%
1940 2,652 47.97% 2,836 51.29% 41 0.74%
1936 2,589 46.91% 2,919 52.89% 11 0.20%
1932 2,175 39.35% 3,272 59.19% 81 1.47%
1928 2,672 57.39% 1,933 41.52% 51 1.10%
1924 1,917 43.08% 2,384 53.57% 149 3.35%
1920 2,290 49.05% 2,213 47.40% 166 3.56%
1916 1,201 41.05% 1,508 51.54% 217 7.42%
1912 663 24.79% 1,159 43.33% 853 31.89%
1908 1,403 44.50% 1,539 48.81% 211 6.69%
1904 1,470 45.99% 1,509 47.22% 217 6.79%
1900 1,529 46.11% 1,731 52.20% 56 1.69%
1896 1,490 47.27% 1,655 52.51% 7 0.22%
1892 1,276 42.21% 1,529 50.58% 218 7.21%
1888 1,445 46.54% 1,628 52.43% 32 1.03%

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
18202,583
18303,23825.4%
18405,28263.1%
18506,52423.5%
18608,22626.1%
18709,85119.8%
188012,35625.4%
189013,94112.8%
190013,476−3.3%
191012,057−10.5%
192011,201−7.1%
193010,160−9.3%
194010,1710.1%
19509,289−8.7%
19608,379−9.8%
19708,033−4.1%
19809,82022.2%
19909,9141.0%
200010,7438.4%
201010,713−0.3%
202010,526−1.7%
U.S. Decennial Census[14]
1790-1960[15] 1900-1990[16]
1990-2000[17] 2010-2013[1]

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 10,713 people, 4,303 households, and 2,991 families residing in the county.[18] The population density was 35.1 inhabitants per square mile (13.6/km2). There were 5,520 housing units at an average density of 18.1 per square mile (7.0/km2).[3] The racial makeup of the county was 97.4% white, 0.4% American Indian, 0.2% black or African American, 0.2% Asian, 0.1% Pacific islander, 0.6% from other races, and 1.1% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 1.2% of the population.[18] In terms of ancestry, 23.8% were German, 17.4% were Irish, 13.4% were American, and 8.7% were English.[19]

Of the 4,303 households, 30.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 54.6% were married couples living together, 9.7% had a female householder with no husband present, 30.5% were non-families, and 25.6% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.48 and the average family size was 2.95. The median age was 41.8 years.[18]

The median income for a household in the county was $47,697 and the median income for a family was $46,073. Males had a median income of $36,465 versus $26,005 for females. The per capita income for the county was $18,598. About 17.4% of families and 18.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 25.0% of those under age 18 and 15.0% of those age 65 or over.[20]


2020 census[edit]

Crawford County Racial Composition[21]
Race Num. Perc.
White (NH) 9,989 95%
Black or African American (NH) 26 0.2%
Native American (NH) 23 0.2%
Asian (NH) 17 0.16%
Pacific Islander (NH) 1 0.01%
Other/Mixed (NH) 349 3.3%
Hispanic or Latino 121 1.1%

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "U.S. Census Bureau QuickFacts: Crawford County, Indiana". www.census.gov. Retrieved December 10, 2021.
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on May 31, 2011. Retrieved June 7, 2011.
  3. ^ a b "Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - County". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on February 12, 2020. Retrieved July 10, 2015.
  4. ^ Pleasant, Hazen (1926). Crawford County History (PDF). WM Mitchell Printing Company.
  5. ^ Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. Govt. Print. Off. pp. 95.
  6. ^ De Witt Clinton Goodrich & Charles Richard Tuttle (1875). An Illustrated History of the State of Indiana. Indiana: R. S. Peale & co. pp. 552.
  7. ^ Appleton's Annual Cyclopedia: 1888 (1889), p 441.
  8. ^ a b "Monthly Averages for English, Indiana". The Weather Channel. Retrieved January 27, 2011.
  9. ^ a b Indiana Code. "Title 36, Article 2, Section 3". IN.gov. Retrieved September 16, 2008.
  10. ^ a b c d Indiana Code. "Title 2, Article 10, Section 2" (PDF). IN.gov. Retrieved September 16, 2008.
  11. ^ "Indiana Senate Districts". State of Indiana. Retrieved January 23, 2011.
  12. ^ "Indiana House Districts". State of Indiana. Retrieved January 23, 2011.
  13. ^ Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved May 14, 2018.
  14. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 10, 2014.
  15. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved July 10, 2014.
  16. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 10, 2014.
  17. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 10, 2014.
  18. ^ a b c "DP-1 Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on February 13, 2020. Retrieved July 10, 2015.
  19. ^ "DP02 SELECTED SOCIAL CHARACTERISTICS IN THE UNITED STATES – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on February 14, 2020. Retrieved July 10, 2015.
  20. ^ "DP03 SELECTED ECONOMIC CHARACTERISTICS – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on February 14, 2020. Retrieved July 10, 2015.
  21. ^ "P2 HISPANIC OR LATINO, AND NOT HISPANIC OR LATINO BY RACE – 2020: DEC Redistricting Data (PL 94-171) – Crawford County, Indiana".

Sources[edit]

  • Forstall, Richard L. (editor) (1996). Population of states and counties of the United States: 1790 to 1990 : from the twenty-one decennial censuses. United States Department of Commerce, Bureau of the Census, Population Division. ISBN 0-934213-48-8. {{cite book}}: |first= has generic name (help)

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 38°17′N 86°28′W / 38.29°N 86.46°W / 38.29; -86.46