Crawford County, Iowa

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Crawford County
County Courthouse, Denison
Map of Iowa highlighting Crawford County
Location within the U.S. state of Iowa
Map of the United States highlighting Iowa
Iowa's location within the U.S.
Coordinates: 42°02′14″N 95°22′43″W / 42.037222222222°N 95.378611111111°W / 42.037222222222; -95.378611111111
Country United States
State Iowa
Founded1851/1855
Named forWilliam Harris Crawford
SeatDenison
Largest cityDenison
Area
 • Total715 sq mi (1,850 km2)
 • Land714 sq mi (1,850 km2)
 • Water0.8 sq mi (2 km2)  0.1%
Population
 (2020)
 • Total16,525
 • Density23/sq mi (8.9/km2)
Time zoneUTC−6 (Central)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−5 (CDT)
Congressional district4th
Websitewww.crawfordcounty.iowa.gov

Crawford County is a county located in the U.S. state of Iowa. As of the 2020 census, the population was 16,525.[1] Its county seat is Denison.[2] The county was named for William Harris Crawford,[3] U.S. senator from Georgia and United States Secretary of the Treasury.

History[edit]

In January 1851, the Iowa Legislature authorized the creation of 50 additional counties in the state. Due to its lack of inhabitants, the designated Crawford County area was attached to Shelby County for purposes of revenue, taxation, and judicial matters.

In 1855 there were sufficient settlers, who petitioned for separation from Shelby. This was granted, and a county governing structure was established.[4] The county as then designated did not include its present western townships.

In 1865, four eastern townships of Monona County were separated from that county and incorporated into Crawford County's boundary.[4]

After several adjustments and reorganizations, the present arrangement of Crawford County townships was completed in June 1872.[4]

Geography[edit]

According to the US Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 715 square miles (1,850 km2), of which 714 square miles (1,850 km2) is land and 0.8 square miles (2.1 km2) (0.1%) is water.[5]

Major highways[edit]

  • US 30.svg U.S. Highway 30 – runs ENE across bottom of county. Enters at Dunlap, exits to Carroll County at Westside.
  • US 59.svg U.S. Highway 59 – runs generally north–south through center of county, passing Schleswig and Denison. Its exit into Shelby County is five miles east of its entry from Ida County.
  • Elongated circle 37.svg Iowa Highway 37 – cuts the SW corner of county, running SE from Monona County to Harrison County.
  • Elongated circle 39.svg Iowa Highway 39 – runs north and ENE from Denison to Kiron, then into Ida and Sac Counties.
  • Elongated circle 141.svg Iowa Highway 141 – enters SE part of county at Aspinwall, runs west to intersection with US Highway 59, two miles above the county's south line.[6]

Adjacent counties[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1860383
18702,530560.6%
188012,413390.6%
189018,89452.2%
190021,68514.8%
191020,041−7.6%
192020,6142.9%
193021,0282.0%
194020,538−2.3%
195019,741−3.9%
196018,569−5.9%
197019,1162.9%
198018,935−0.9%
199016,775−11.4%
200016,9421.0%
201017,0960.9%
202016,525−3.3%
US Decennial Census[7]
1790-1960[8] 1900-1990[9]
1990-2000[10] 2010-2018[11]
Population of Crawford County from US census data

2020 census[edit]

The 2020 census recorded a population of 16,525 in the county, with a population density of 23.1349/sq mi (8.93244/km2). 89.34% of the population reported being of one race. 38.43% were non-Hispanic White, 2.38% were Black, 29.72% were Hispanic, 0.98% were Native American, 1.86% were Asian, 0.02% were Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander and 26.60% were some other race or more than one race. There were 6,855 housing units of which 6,255 were occupied.[1]

2010 census[edit]

The 2010 census recorded a population of 17,096 in the county, with a population density of 23.944/sq mi (9.245/km2). There were 6,943 housing units, of which 6,413 were occupied.[12]

2000 census[edit]

2000 Census Age Pyramid for Crawford County

As of the census[13] of 2000, there were 16,942 people, 6,441 households, and 4,489 families residing in the county. The population density was 24 people per square mile (9/km2). There were 6,958 housing units at an average density of 10 per square mile (4/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 93.10% White, 0.76% Black or African American, 0.28% Native American, 0.49% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 4.59% from other races, and 0.77% from two or more races. 8.75% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 6,441 households, out of which 31.60% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 58.50% were married couples living together, 7.00% had a female householder with no husband present, and 30.30% were non-families. 26.20% of all households were made up of individuals, and 13.10% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.53 and the average family size was 3.03.

In the county, the population was spread out, with 26.50% under the age of 18, 8.10% from 18 to 24, 25.70% from 25 to 44, 22.50% from 45 to 64, and 17.10% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 100.90 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 98.80 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $33,922, and the median income for a family was $40,231. Males had a median income of $28,696 versus $19,798 for females. The per capita income for the county was $15,851. About 6.90% of families and 11.10% of the population were below the poverty line, including 12.70% of those under age 18 and 5.60% of those age 65 or over.

Communities[edit]

Cities[edit]

Former cities[edit]

Townships[edit]

Population ranking[edit]

The population ranking of the following table is based on the 2020 census of Crawford County.[1]

county seat

Rank City/Town/etc. Municipal type Population (2020 Census)
1 Denison City 8,373
2 Schleswig City 830
3 Manilla City 775
4 Charter Oak City 535
5 Dow City City 485
6 Vail City 396
7 Westside City 285
8 Kiron City 267
9 Deloit City 250
10 Ricketts City 109
11 Arion City 97
12 Buck Grove City 34
13 Aspinwall City 33
14 Dunlap (mostly in Harrison County) City 0 (1,038 total)

Politics[edit]

Like most of Western Iowa, Crawford County leans toward the Republican Party. However, although it gave two-thirds of its vote to Donald Trump in 2016, it supported Democrat Barack Obama in 2008.[16]

United States presidential election results for Crawford County, Iowa[17]
Year Republican Democratic Third party
No.  % No.  % No.  %
2020 4,854 67.85% 2,220 31.03% 80 1.12%
2016 4,617 66.58% 1,991 28.71% 327 4.72%
2012 3,595 53.24% 3,066 45.41% 91 1.35%
2008 3,345 46.52% 3,715 51.66% 131 1.82%
2004 3,955 54.61% 3,220 44.46% 67 0.93%
2000 3,482 53.12% 2,838 43.30% 235 3.59%
1996 2,686 40.00% 3,140 46.76% 889 13.24%
1992 2,693 35.10% 3,004 39.16% 1,975 25.74%
1988 3,375 46.16% 3,868 52.91% 68 0.93%
1984 4,552 56.53% 3,396 42.17% 105 1.30%
1980 4,883 61.02% 2,500 31.24% 619 7.74%
1976 3,879 48.80% 3,903 49.11% 166 2.09%
1972 4,493 58.60% 3,018 39.36% 156 2.03%
1968 4,287 55.36% 2,851 36.82% 606 7.83%
1964 2,999 37.31% 5,024 62.51% 14 0.17%
1960 4,791 56.25% 3,720 43.67% 7 0.08%
1956 4,608 55.03% 3,749 44.77% 17 0.20%
1952 5,646 63.67% 3,107 35.04% 115 1.30%
1948 3,267 43.65% 3,983 53.21% 235 3.14%
1944 4,242 56.49% 3,218 42.86% 49 0.65%
1940 5,284 55.92% 4,130 43.71% 35 0.37%
1936 3,514 36.98% 5,720 60.20% 268 2.82%
1932 2,334 26.10% 6,084 68.04% 524 5.86%
1928 3,436 43.05% 4,495 56.32% 50 0.63%
1924 2,882 36.26% 1,255 15.79% 3,812 47.96%
1920 5,473 68.65% 2,151 26.98% 348 4.37%
1916 2,756 58.27% 1,919 40.57% 55 1.16%
1912 1,169 25.03% 2,193 46.96% 1,308 28.01%
1908 2,169 47.28% 2,322 50.61% 97 2.11%
1904 2,530 54.08% 2,004 42.84% 144 3.08%
1900 2,268 45.72% 2,578 51.97% 115 2.32%
1896 2,189 46.98% 2,396 51.43% 74 1.59%


See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "2020 Census State Redistricting Data". census.gov. United states Census Bureau. Retrieved August 12, 2021.
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on May 31, 2011. Retrieved June 7, 2011.
  3. ^ Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. Govt. Print. Off. p. 95.
  4. ^ a b c Crawford County, Iowa – Establishment of Townships
  5. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". US Census Bureau. February 12, 2011. Retrieved April 23, 2011.
  6. ^ Crawford County IA Google Maps (accessed August 27, 2018)
  7. ^ "US Decennial Census". US Census Bureau. Retrieved July 14, 2014.
  8. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved July 14, 2014.
  9. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". US Census Bureau. Retrieved July 14, 2014.
  10. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). US Census Bureau. Retrieved July 14, 2014.
  11. ^ "State & County QuickFacts". US Census Bureau. Archived from the original on June 7, 2011. Retrieved July 14, 2014.
  12. ^ "Population and Housing Occupancy Status: 2010 - State -- County". US Census Bureau − American FactFinder. Retrieved March 12, 2011.[dead link]
  13. ^ "U.S. Census website". US Census Bureau. Retrieved January 31, 2008.
  14. ^ Astor
  15. ^ Kenwood
  16. ^ Leip, David. {{cite web}}: Missing or empty |title= (help); Missing or empty |url= (help)
  17. ^ Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of US Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved April 25, 2018.

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 42°02′14″N 95°22′43″W / 42.03722°N 95.37861°W / 42.03722; -95.37861