Crawford County, Michigan

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Crawford County, Michigan
Edward E. Hartwick Memorial Building.jpg
Map of Michigan highlighting Crawford County
Location in the U.S. state of Michigan
Map of the United States highlighting Michigan
Michigan's location in the U.S.
Founded 1840[1]
Named for William Crawford
Seat Grayling
Largest city Grayling
Area
 • Total 563 sq mi (1,458 km2)
 • Land 556 sq mi (1,440 km2)
 • Water 7.0 sq mi (18 km2), 1.2%
Population
 • (2010) 14,074
 • Density 25/sq mi (10/km2)
Congressional district 1st
Time zone Eastern: UTC−5/−4
Website www.crawfordco.org

Crawford County is a county in the U.S. state of Michigan. As of the 2010 census, the population was 14,074.[2] The county seat is Grayling.[3]

History[edit]

A detail from A New Map of Michigan with its Canals, Roads & Distances (1842) by Henry Schenck Tanner, showing Crawford County as "Shawwano" (a misspelling of Shawono, the county's name from 1840 to 1843.[4]) Several nearby counties are also shown with names that would later be changed.

The county is named for Col. William Crawford,[5] a Revolutionary War soldier killed in 1782 while fighting Native Americans in Ohio. It was created by the Michigan Legislature in 1840 as Shawono County, then renamed Crawford County in 1843. The county was administered by a succession of other Michigan counties prior to the organization of county government in 1879.[4][1]

Geography[edit]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 563 square miles (1,460 km2), of which 556 square miles (1,440 km2) is land and 7.0 square miles (18 km2) (1.2%) is water.[6] The county is part of Northern Michigan.

The County is part of the Au Sable State Forest, specifically the Grayling FMU (Alcona, Crawford, Oscoda, and northern Iosco counties). Glaciers shaped the area, creating a unique regional ecosystem. A large portion of the area is the so-called Grayling outwash plain, which consists of broad outwash plain including sandy ice-disintegration ridges; jack pine barrens, some white pine-red pine forest, and northern hardwood forest. Large lakes were created by glacial action.[7]

Major highways[edit]

Adjacent counties[edit]

National protected area[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1880 1,159
1890 2,962 155.6%
1900 2,943 −0.6%
1910 3,934 33.7%
1920 4,049 2.9%
1930 3,097 −23.5%
1940 3,765 21.6%
1950 4,151 10.3%
1960 4,971 19.8%
1970 6,482 30.4%
1980 9,465 46.0%
1990 12,260 29.5%
2000 14,273 16.4%
2010 14,074 −1.4%
Est. 2016 13,744 [8] −2.3%
U.S. Decennial Census[9]
1790-1960[10] 1900-1990[11]
1990-2000[12] 2010-2013[2]

As of the census[13] of 2000, there were 14,273 people, 5,625 households, and 4,038 families residing in the county. The population density was 26 people per square mile (10/km²). There were 10,042 housing units at an average density of 18 per square mile (7/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 96.38% White, 1.50% Black or African American, 0.60% Native American, 0.25% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.20% from other races, and 1.05% from two or more races. 0.99% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 24.8% were of German, 12.5% English, 10.1% American, 8.9% Irish, 7.4% Polish and 5.9% French ancestry according to Census 2000. 97.7% spoke English and 1.5% Spanish as their first language.

There were 5,625 households out of which 30.00% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 57.60% were married couples living together, 9.70% had a female householder with no husband present, and 28.20% were non-families. 24.00% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.50% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.45 and the average family size was 2.87.

In the county, the population was spread out with 24.50% under the age of 18, 6.30% from 18 to 24, 26.60% from 25 to 44, 26.00% from 45 to 64, and 16.60% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 41 years. For every 100 females there were 104.00 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 100.40 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $33,364, and the median income for a family was $37,056. Males had a median income of $31,504 versus $21,250 for females. The per capita income for the county was $16,903. About 10.00% of families and 12.70% of the population were below the poverty line, including 17.60% of those under age 18 and 7.60% of those age 65 or over.

Government[edit]

Presidential Elections Results[14]
Year Republican Democratic Third Parties
2016 63.6% 4,354 30.8% 2,110 5.6% 380
2012 55.0% 3,744 43.9% 2,994 1.1% 76
2008 49.6% 3,561 47.9% 3,441 2.5% 176
2004 55.5% 4,017 43.2% 3,126 1.3% 92
2000 52.6% 3,345 43.8% 2,790 3.6% 229
1996 37.7% 2,157 46.6% 2,666 15.7% 898
1992 37.0% 2,193 38.0% 2,252 25.0% 1,480
1988 62.3% 3,097 36.7% 1,825 1.0% 51
1984 67.5% 3,303 31.8% 1,558 0.7% 35
1980 53.4% 2,652 36.8% 1,826 9.8% 486
1976 54.8% 2,359 43.9% 1,889 1.3% 55
1972 62.0% 1,953 36.3% 1,143 1.8% 55
1968 55.0% 1,266 36.7% 845 8.2% 189
1964 32.2% 696 67.8% 1,464 0.0% 0
1960 65.0% 1,464 34.8% 783 0.2% 4
1956 71.5% 1,380 28.3% 547 0.2% 3
1952 72.5% 1,331 26.7% 490 0.8% 14
1948 63.9% 849 34.3% 455 1.8% 24
1944 58.8% 797 40.6% 550 0.6% 8
1940 52.5% 873 46.8% 777 0.7% 12
1936 38.9% 580 58.7% 876 2.5% 37
1932 41.8% 559 56.5% 755 1.7% 23
1928 76.3% 776 23.3% 237 0.4% 4
1924 72.9% 840 14.2% 163 12.9% 149
1920 64.4% 726 32.0% 361 3.6% 40
1916 46.2% 409 50.9% 450 2.9% 26
1912 35.0% 257 25.2% 185 39.9% 293[15]
1908 67.8% 590 27.2% 237 4.9% 43
1904 73.6% 587 23.8% 190 2.6% 21
1900 62.6% 440 35.9% 252 1.6% 11
1896 49.7% 350 49.7% 350 0.7% 5
1892 48.6% 300 49.6% 306 1.8% 11
1888 47.1% 436 51.8% 479 1.1% 10
1884 56.7% 304 41.6% 223 1.7% 9

The county government operates the jail, maintains rural roads, operates the major local courts, keeps files of deeds and mortgages, maintains vital records, administers public health regulations, and participates with the state in the provision of welfare and other social services. The county board of commissioners controls the budget but has only limited authority to make laws or ordinances. In Michigan, most local government functions — police and fire, building and zoning, tax assessment, street maintenance, etc. — are the responsibility of individual cities and townships.

Elected officials[edit]

(information as of September 2005)

Communities[edit]

City[edit]

Townships[edit]

Historical markers[edit]

There are six recognized Michigan historical markers in the county:[16]

  • Beginning of State Reforestation
  • Chief Shoppenagon / Shoppenagon's Homesite
  • The Douglas House / Thomas E. Douglas
  • Michigan Grayling
  • Officer's Club
  • 32nd Red Arrow Division

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Bibliography on Crawford County". Clarke Historical Library, Central Michigan University. Retrieved 2016-11-04. 
  2. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved August 27, 2013. 
  3. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on 2011-05-31. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  4. ^ a b Newberry Library. "Michigan: Individual County Chronologies". Atlas of County Historical Boundaries. Retrieved 2016-11-04. 
  5. ^ Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. Govt. Print. Off. p. 95. 
  6. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Archived from the original on November 13, 2013. Retrieved September 19, 2014. 
  7. ^ "NPWRC :: Regional Landscape". usgs.gov. Archived from the original on 2013-06-25. 
  8. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017. 
  9. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on May 12, 2015. Retrieved September 19, 2014. 
  10. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved September 19, 2014. 
  11. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved September 19, 2014. 
  12. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved September 19, 2014. 
  13. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2013-09-11. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  14. ^ http://uselectionatlas.org/RESULTS
  15. ^ The leading "other" candidate, Progressive Theodore Roosevelt, received 249 votes, while Socialist candidate Eugene Debs received 35 votes, Prohibition candidate Eugene Chafin received 8 votes, and Socialist Labor candidate Arthur Reimer received 1 vote.
  16. ^ "Michigan Historical Markers". michmarkers.com. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 44°41′N 84°37′W / 44.68°N 84.61°W / 44.68; -84.61