Crawford County, Wisconsin

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Crawford County, Wisconsin
CrawfordCountyWisconsinCourtHouse.jpg
Crawford County Courthouse
Map of Wisconsin highlighting Crawford County
Location in the U.S. state of Wisconsin
Map of the United States highlighting Wisconsin
Wisconsin's location in the U.S.
Founded 1818
Named for William H. Crawford
Seat Prairie du Chien
Largest city Prairie du Chien
Area
 • Total 599 sq mi (1,551 km2)
 • Land 571 sq mi (1,479 km2)
 • Water 29 sq mi (75 km2), 4.8%
Population
 • (2010) 16,644
 • Density 29/sq mi (11/km²)
Congressional district 3rd
Time zone Central: UTC-6/-5
Website www.crawfordcountywi.org

Crawford County is a county in the southwest part of the U.S. state of Wisconsin. As of the 2010 census, the population was 16,644.[1] Its county seat is Prairie du Chien.[2]

History[edit]

Along with Brown County, Crawford County is one of Wisconsin's original counties, established by the Michigan Territorial legislature in 1818, and named after William H. Crawford,[3] James Monroe's Treasurer at the time. It originally covered the western half of Wisconsin's present area. In 1836, it was transferred to the newly formed Wisconsin Territory as Michigan prepared for statehood and has gradually been subdivided into its present area.

Geography[edit]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has an area of 599 square miles (1,550 km2), of which 571 square miles (1,480 km2) is land and 29 square miles (75 km2) (4.8%) is water.[4] The county's highest point is near St. James Church in Rising Sun.[5]

Three rivers run through the county: The Kickapoo River, nicknamed "the crookedest river in Wisconsin" was carved out by glacial run-off. It is considered one of the best Class 1 paddling rivers in the Midwest.

  • The Wisconsin River borders the county's southern edge. Although it is the state's busiest river, its run within the county is tranquil, with high bluff escarpments and sandy islands.
  • The Mississippi River, serves as the county's western border. The steep limestone cliffs are interspersed with bluffs and prairies.

Adjacent counties[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1840 1,502
1850 2,498 66.3%
1860 8,068 223.0%
1870 13,075 62.1%
1880 15,644 19.6%
1890 15,987 2.2%
1900 17,286 8.1%
1910 16,288 −5.8%
1920 16,772 3.0%
1930 16,781 0.1%
1940 18,328 9.2%
1950 17,652 −3.7%
1960 16,351 −7.4%
1970 15,252 −6.7%
1980 16,556 8.5%
1990 15,940 −3.7%
2000 17,243 8.2%
2010 16,644 −3.5%
Est. 2016 16,321 [6] −1.9%
U.S. Decennial Census[7]
1790–1960[8] 1900–1990[9]
1990–2000[10] 2010–2014[1]
2000 Census Age Pyramid for Crawford County

As of the census[11] of 2010, there were 16,644 people, 6,677 households, and 4,613 families residing in the county. The population density was 12/km² (30/sq mi). There were 8,480 housing units at an average density of 6/km² (15/sq mi). The racial makeup of the county was 96.61% White, 1.78% Black or African American, 0.23% Native American, 0.38% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.17% from other races, and 0.68% from two or more races. 0.9% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 33.6% were of German, 16.0% Norwegian, 11.4% Irish, 7.2% Czech, 7.2% English and 6.4% United States or American ancestry.

There were 6,677 households out of which 31.60% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 56.70% were married couples living together, 8.40% had a female householder with no husband present, and 30.90% were non-families. 26.70% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.00% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.48 and the average family size was 3.00.

In the county, the population was spread out with 24.25% under the age of 20, 8.10% from 18 to 24, 26.20% from 20 to 44, 31.16% from 45 to 64, and 18.40% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females there were 102.20 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 99.30 males.

Transportation[edit]

Major highways[edit]

The sign for Crawford County on WIS60

Airport[edit]

Prairie du Chien Municipal Airport (KPDC) serves Crawford County and the surrounding communities.

Communities[edit]

Cities[edit]

Villages[edit]

Towns[edit]

Unincorporated communities[edit]

Politics[edit]

Presidential Elections Results[12]
Year Republican Democratic Third Parties
2016 49.6% 3,836 44.2% 3,419 6.1% 473
2012 39.2% 3,067 59.2% 4,629 1.6% 121
2008 35.5% 2,830 62.5% 4,987 2.1% 164
2004 43.5% 3,680 55.0% 4,656 1.5% 123
2000 40.9% 3,024 54.2% 4,005 4.9% 365
1996 30.4% 2,149 51.8% 3,658 17.7% 1,253
1992 30.6% 2,390 45.3% 3,540 24.1% 1,882
1988 47.0% 3,238 52.3% 3,608 0.7% 47
1984 55.9% 4,412 43.5% 3,436 0.6% 49
1980 50.1% 3,934 43.2% 3,392 6.7% 530
1976 47.1% 3,393 50.4% 3,629 2.5% 180
1972 58.7% 3,705 39.4% 2,487 2.0% 123
1968 54.1% 3,316 39.0% 2,391 6.9% 423
1964 40.9% 2,726 59.0% 3,930 0.1% 7
1960 52.6% 3,719 47.3% 3,342 0.1% 10
1956 61.7% 4,123 37.8% 2,522 0.5% 36
1952 70.2% 5,323 29.7% 2,256 0.1% 9
1948 48.2% 3,465 50.7% 3,639 1.1% 81
1944 57.1% 4,199 42.6% 3,130 0.3% 22
1940 56.3% 4,667 43.4% 3,595 0.4% 31
1936 35.9% 2,857 55.0% 4,377 9.1% 722
1932 28.7% 1,943 70.2% 4,754 1.1% 71
1928 51.2% 3,452 48.0% 3,238 0.8% 55
1924 29.8% 1,687 16.5% 936 53.7% 3,035
1920 74.3% 3,600 23.0% 1,112 2.8% 134
1916 50.6% 1,883 47.4% 1,764 1.9% 72
1912 41.7% 1,407 44.9% 1,515 13.5% 455
1908 54.3% 2,041 42.2% 1,586 3.6% 135
1904 61.1% 2,279 36.5% 1,362 2.4% 90
1900 62.5% 2,333 36.3% 1,353 1.2% 45
1896 59.6% 2,323 38.7% 1,509 1.7% 65
1892 49.9% 1,727 46.7% 1,615 3.4% 118

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 18, 2014. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on 2011-05-31. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. Govt. Print. Off. p. 95. 
  4. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Retrieved August 2, 2015. 
  5. ^ United States Geological Survey (2016). Rising Sun Quadrangle, Wisconsin (PDF) (Map). 1:24,000. 7.5-Minute Series. Rising Sun, WI, USA: United States Department of the Interior, United States Geological Survey. Retrieved January 05 2017.  Check date values in: |access-date= (help)
  6. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017. 
  7. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on May 12, 2015. Retrieved August 2, 2015. 
  8. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved August 2, 2015. 
  9. ^ Forstall, Richard L., ed. (March 27, 1995). "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved August 2, 2015. 
  10. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. April 2, 2001. Retrieved August 2, 2015. 
  11. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2013-09-11. Retrieved 2011-05-14. 
  12. ^ http://uselectionatlas.org/RESULTS

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 43°14′N 90°56′W / 43.23°N 90.93°W / 43.23; -90.93