Crawley Down

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Crawley Down
The Royal Oak Public House, Crawley Down - geograph.org.uk - 1032267.jpg
The Royal Oak Public House, Crawley Down
Crawley Down is located in West Sussex
Crawley Down
Crawley Down
Location within West Sussex
Population4,598 (2011 Census)
OS grid referenceTQ345375
Civil parish
District
Shire county
Region
CountryEngland
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Post townCrawley
Postcode districtRH10
Dialling code01342
PoliceSussex
FireWest Sussex
AmbulanceSouth East Coast
EU ParliamentSouth East England
UK Parliament
List of places
UK
England
West Sussex
51°07′17″N 0°04′44″W / 51.1214°N 0.0788°W / 51.1214; -0.0788Coordinates: 51°07′17″N 0°04′44″W / 51.1214°N 0.0788°W / 51.1214; -0.0788

Crawley Down is a village in the Mid Sussex district of West Sussex, England. There is one church,[1] one school,[1] and a number of social groups. It lies seven miles from Gatwick Airport. Nearest railway stations are Three Bridges and East Grinstead. Crawley Down lies in the northeast corner of West Sussex, just one mile from the border with Surrey.

Crawley Down has a King George's Field in memorial to King George V.

History[edit]

Until the 17th century, the area now covered by the town was used by iron producers, who sold to the Woodcock hammer in Felbridge. Some small farms were set up in the 1600s, part of a pattern of enclosures in the area in the 17th and 18th centuries. A large manor, The Grange, was built for a London silversmith in the 18th century, and the settlement slowly grew, with a restart of ironworking to supply metal for guns to be used in wars with France.[2] In the 19th century, after iron working had ceased, the local clay was mined for bricks.[3]

In the 19th century, Crawley Down was known as a centre for prizefighting. The illegal sport was attracted by the proximity to London, combined with a secluded location. Large and boisterous crowds were attracted to the matches, and local law enforcement turned a blind eye as the prizefights were a useful source of income for the village.[2]

The railway from Three Bridges to Tunbridge Wells passed through the village, and although a land dispute delayed its construction, a station was built for brick transport. The railway connected the village with East Grinstead, Tunbridge Wells and London, and spurred rapid growth of the village, with several new estates.[3] All Saints Church was built in 1843, and a Primary School attached to the church.[4]

Until 1967 the village was served by Grange Road railway station on the Three Bridges to Tunbridge Wells Central Line which closed as a result of the Beeching Axe in 1967. The old track bed has been revitalised as a linear Country Park called the Worth Way which now offers a haven for wildlife and valued trail for walkers, cyclists and horse riders.

Crawley Down has a Non-League football club, Crawley Down Gatwick F.C., that plays at The Haven Sportsfield.

References[edit]

External links[edit]