Crazyhouse

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1.N@e7+ Kh8 2.Bxg7# (@ notation)

Crazyhouse (also known as drop chess, mad chess, reinforcement chess, turnabout chess and schizo-chess) is a chess variant similar to bughouse chess, but with only two players. It effectively incorporates a rule from the game shogi, in which a player can introduce a captured piece back to the chessboard as their own.


Rules[edit]

All the rules and conventions of standard chess apply, with the addition of drops, as explained below.

  • A captured piece reverses color and goes to the capturing player's reserve,pocket or bank. At any time, instead of making a move with a piece on the board, a player can drop a piece from their reserve (a piece in there is considered “held” or “in hand”) onto an empty square on the board. For example, a check that would result in checkmate in standard chess can be answered in Crazyhouse, if the defender can play a legal drop that blocks the check.[1]
  • Drops resulting in immediate checkmate are permitted. Unlike in shogi, this includes pawn drops.[2]
  • Pawns may not be dropped on the players' 1st or 8th ranks.[2]
  • Pawns that have been promoted and later captured are dropped as pawns.[2]
  • Dropped white and black pawns on the 2nd and 7th ranks, respectively, are permitted to make a two-square move as their first move after the drop.[3]
  • A dropped rook can not castle.[4]

Unlike shogi, having two or more pawns on a file, and checkmating with a dropped pawn, are both permissible.

The physical problem of changing the color of a captured piece can be handled by:[5]

  • Swapping the piece for a piece of the same denomination and the other color taken from a second chess set.
  • Playing the game through a computer interface.
  • Having 32 white checkers with the drawing of the piece on it, and the orientation determines whose it is (like shogi)
  • Using a checker under the piece to mark its true color.

Notation[edit]

An extension to the standard chess notation is used to record drops. Drops are notated by the piece type, followed by an @ symbol, then the destination square. For example, N@d5 means "knight is dropped on d5 from reserve".[1]

FEN[edit]

There is no standard FEN specification for Crazyhouse. However at Lichess an extended version of FEN is in use. Here is Lichess's FEN implemention example.[6]

r2qk3/pp2bqR1/2p5/8/3Pn3/3BPpB1/PPPp1PPP/RK1R4/PNNNbpp b - - 89 45

Lichess simply adds a 0th rank as a reserve. There are more than 8 pieces on the reserve, so the last section may have more than 8 characters.

A different notation is used by Xboard/Winboard. The reserve is given in square brackets following the board position.

r2qk3/pp2bqR1/2p5/8/3Pn3/3BPpB1/PPPp1PPP/RK1R4[PNNNbpp] b - - 89 45

Chess.com uses another notation. The reserve is put after full-move number.

To keep track of which pieces currently on the board are actually promoted pawns, Lichess and Xboard/Winboard use "~" after letter designation. However, Chess.com uses coordinates of promoted pawn to resolve it.[7][failed verification]

r2q1r1k/2p1ppb1/p2p2pp/3P1p2/B6B/2N2NPp/1PP2P1K/3Q3q w - - 0 26 NNBRpr h1

Variations[edit]

Minor variations of the rules have resulted in some variants.

  • Loop Chess: promoted pawns keep their rank when captured.[8]
  • Chessgi (also known as Mad Mate or Neo Chess): promoted pawns keep their rank when captured. Pawns may be dropped on the 1st rank.[9]

See also[edit]

  • Hostage Chess—a player can drop back into play their own previously captured pieces

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "crazyhouse". FICS Help. Free Internet Chess Server. 2008-02-28. Archived from the original on 2014-04-16. Retrieved 2014-04-17.
  2. ^ a b c "crazyhouse". ICC Help. Internet Chess Club. Archived from the original on 2012-05-02. Retrieved 2014-04-17.
  3. ^ This isn't written in any rulebook, but Lichess and Chess.com allowed it.
  4. ^ Also this isn't written in rule.
  5. ^ https://www.chessvariants.com/other.dir/crazyhouse.html
  6. ^ ""IM opperwezen vs LM JannLee in T6Q3tMva : Analysis board • lichess.org"". Lichess. Archived from the original on 2018-05-26. Retrieved 2018-05-26.
  7. ^ ""Chess: liviu78ro vs JannLeeCrazyhouse - 3367504566 - Chess.com"". Chess.com. Archived from the original on 2019-01-17. Retrieved 2019-01-17.
  8. ^ "Game rules (Loop Chess)". BrainKing. Retrieved 2014-04-17.
  9. ^ "Chessgi". ChessVariants.org. 2001-03-20. Archived from the original on 2014-03-27. Retrieved 2014-04-17.

External links[edit]