Cree Inc.

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Cree, Inc.
Public
Traded as
IndustryElectronics
Founded1987
HeadquartersResearch Triangle Park, North Carolina, United States
ProductsLight-emitting diodes
Revenue$1.65 billion[1]
USD $124 million (Fiscal Year 2014)[1]
Number of employees
6,387[2]
Websitecree.com

Cree, Inc. is an American worldwide manufacturer and marketer of lighting-class LEDs, lighting products and products for power and radio frequency (RF) applications. Most of its products are based on silicon carbide (SiC), a rare, naturally occurring mineral compound which early Cree researchers successfully synthesized in a laboratory. SiC enables higher performance in applications which require high endurance and in semiconductor devices that operate at high temperatures or high voltages, or both.[2] With the establishment of a reliable source for high-quality SiC, the firm expanded into several market segments with products that provided significantly higher performance and efficiency.[2] Cree's product families include LED lighting systems and bulbs, blue and green LED chips, high-brightness LEDs, lighting-class power LEDs, and a portfolio of SiC-based and wide bandgap SiC-on-GaN (gallium nitride) power-switching and RF (radio frequency) devices. These products enable applications that include general illumination, electronic signs and signals, industrial power supplies and inverters, and military, satellite and broadband telecommunications.

History[edit]

Cree's high-power LEDs, XLamp 7090 XR-E Q4
A Cree 9.5 watt 800 lumen dimmable lamp bulb, with 2700 K color temperature, introduced in March 2013

Cree was founded in July 1987 in Durham, North Carolina. Five of the six founders – Thomas Coleman, John Edmond, Eric Hunter, John Palmour and Calvin Carter – are graduates of North Carolina State University.[3]

In 1983, the founders – one a research assistant professor and the others student researchers – were seeking ways to leverage the properties of silicon carbide to enable semiconductors to operate at higher operating temperatures and power levels.[3] They also knew silicon carbide could serve as the diode in light-emitting diode (LED) lighting, a light source first demonstrated in 1907 with an electrically-charged diode of SiC.

The research team devised a way to grow silicon crystals in the laboratory, and in 1987 founded a company, Cree Research, Inc., to produce SiC and exploit its usage commercially in both semiconductors and lighting. The founders raised money to establish office and laboratory facilities and entered a period of steady technological advancements.[3]

In 1989, the company introduced the world's first blue LED, which enabled the development of large, full-color video screens and billboards.[3]

In 1991, Cree released the world's first commercial silicon carbide wafer.[3]

In 1993, Cree launched an initial public offering.

In 1999, the company name is changed from Cree Research to Cree, Inc.[4]

In 2011 Cree acquired Ruud Lighting, a national firm experienced in the use of LED for outdoor lighting. This expanded Cree sales channels and led to a new generation of lighting-class LED components.[5]

In 2012 Cree announced the XLamp XT-E, which was claimed to deliver twice as much light for the same price as older LEDs.[6]

In 2013, Cree's first consumer products, two household LED bulbs qualified for Energy Star rating by the United States Environmental Protection Agency.[7]

In July 2016, German chip maker Infineon Technologies AG said it agreed to buy Cree's Wolfspeed business unit (RF and power electronics devices) for $850 million in cash.[8] However, the deal was called off in February 2017 after the companies were unable to resolve regulators’ national security concerns.[9]

In March 2018, Cree announced the acquisition of Infineon Technologies AG's RF Power Business for €345 Million.[10]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Garrabrant, Raiford (2015-05-05). "Cree Reports Financial Results for the Fourth Quarter and Fiscal Year 2014" (PDF). Cree.
  2. ^ a b c "2015 Annual Report" (PDF). Annual reports. Cree. Retrieved 2016-05-27.
  3. ^ a b c d e "Creating CREE". NC State Engineering Magazine (Spring 2010). 2010. Retrieved 2016-05-27.
  4. ^ "Cree proposes a public offering, changes name". Triangle Business Journal. Raleigh, NC: American City Business Journals. 2000-01-03. Retrieved 2016-05-27.
  5. ^ Wright, Maury (2011-08-01). "Cree acquires lighting manufacturer Ruud and BetaLED subsidiary". LEDs Magazine. Retrieved 2016-05-27.
  6. ^ Ranii, David (2012-02-08). "Cree launches another lower-cost LED". The News & Observer. Archived from the original on April 4, 2012. Retrieved 2012-02-08.
  7. ^ Funk, John (October 10, 2013). "Cree's LED bulb now Energy Star, qualifies for up to $5 price cut". The (Cleveland) Plain Dealer. Retrieved 2013-10-10.
  8. ^ By Friedrich Geiger and Eyk Henning, Wall Street Journal. "Infineon to Buy Cree's Wolfspeed Unit for $850 Million ." July 14, 2016.
  9. ^ Armental, Maria (2017-02-16). "Cree and Infineon Call Off Wolfspeed Deal". WSJ. Retrieved 2017-06-08.
  10. ^ "Cree Acquires Infineon's RF Business for €345 Million". everything RF.

External links[edit]