Creed, Cornwall

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Creed
StCridasChurchCreedCornwallUK.jpg
Creed Parish Church
OS grid reference SX935472
Civil parish Grampound with Creed
Shire county Cornwall
Region South West
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Postcode district TR2
Police Devon and Cornwall
Fire Cornwall
Ambulance South Western
EU Parliament South West England
List of places
UK
England
Cornwall

Creed (Cornish: Krid)[1] is a hamlet in mid Cornwall, England, United Kingdom. It is roughly midway between Truro and St Austell, about two miles (3 km) east of Probus.[2]

Creed is in the civil parish of Grampound with Creed and the name comes from Saint Cride (Sancta Crida), the patron of the church.[3]

The manor of Tybesta was the head manor of the hundred of Powder in the time of Domesday and later one of the 17 Antiqua maneria of the Duchy of Cornwall. It included the whole of the parish of Creed and parts of other parishes.

Parish Church[edit]

The church of St Crida was of Norman foundation but in its existing form is more or less of the 15th century (the tower which had already been built in 1447 however was rebuilt in 1734).[4] Between 1869 and 1906 the church was unused.[5] It has a tower of three stages, a fine south aisle and a south porch. Parts of the old woodwork have been preserved.[6] By 1291 the church was cruciform; of this the north transept and some masonry in the north wall remain. In the mid 15th century the south transept was replaced by an ambitious south aisle, with lavish windows, and an unusually rich south porch. Features of interest include the 15th century wagon roof of the south aisle, a Norman pillar piscina, the 13th century Catacleuse stone font, and the chest tomb of Thomas and Margaret Denys (died 1589 & 1578).[7]

William Gregor, the discoverer of titanium, was rector here. Dr Reginald Merther-derwa was Rector 1423-47; his will provided for the erection of a series of stone crosses at Camborne. The five similar stone crosses in Creed parish, including one now at Grampound church, may also have been due to him.[8]

References[edit]

Media related to Creed, Cornwall at Wikimedia Commons

  1. ^ Place-names in the Standard Written Form (SWF) : List of place-names agreed by the MAGA Signage Panel. Cornish Language Partnership.
  2. ^ Ordnance Survey: Landranger map sheet 204 Truro & Falmouth ISBN 978-0-319-23149-4
  3. ^ Mills, A. D. (1991). The Popular Dictionary of English Place-Names. Parragon Book Service Ltd & Magpie Books. p. 95. ISBN 0-7525-1851-8. 
  4. ^ Cornish Church Guide (1925) Truro: Blackford; p. 80
  5. ^ Brown, H. Miles (1976) A Century for Cornwall. Truro: Blackford; p. 60
  6. ^ Pevsner, N. (1970) Cornwall; 2nd ed. Penguin Books; p. 58
  7. ^ Peter Beacham; Nikolaus Pevsner (2014). Cornwall. Yale University Press. ISBN 978-0-300-12668-6; p. 167
  8. ^ Cornish Church Guide, p. 81

Coordinates: 50°17′17″N 4°53′59″W / 50.28817°N 4.89971°W / 50.28817; -4.89971