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Creed (perfume house)

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Creed Fragrances
IndustryPerfume Industry
FoundedLondon, England, United Kingdom as a tailoring house
1760; 264 years ago (1760) (disputed)
FounderJames Henry Creed
Area served
  • Paris
  • London
  • New York City
  • Beverly Hills
  • Sydney
  • Dubai
  • Kuwait City
  • Vienna
  • Mexico City
  • Milan
  • Miami
  • Santa Clara
Key people
Oliver Creed, Erwin Creed
  • Aventus
  • Green Irish Tweed
  • Millesime Imperial
  • Silver Mountain Water

Creed Fragrances is an Anglo-French multi-national niche perfume house, based in Paris.

The company was originally founded as a tailoring house in London, England in 1760 by James Henry Creed.[1] It has boutiques in Paris, London, New York City, Beverly Hills, Sydney, Dubai, Kuwait City, Vienna, Manila, Cebu City, Mexico City, Milan, Miami, and Dallas in addition to stands in high end retailers across the world. The current generation of creative directors consists of Olivier Creed and his son Erwin Creed.

Early history[edit]

James Henry Creed supposedly founded the House of Creed in London in 1760 as a tailoring establishment, however, the earliest evidence of Creed's existence hark from the late 1960s or early 1970s.[2] It claims to have risen to fame in the mid 19th century under Henry Creed as tailors and habit makers for the fashionable dandy Count d'Orsay, Queen Victoria, and Empress Eugénie, who issued the firm of Creed & Cumberland a Royal Warrant for tailoring articles.[3] Olivier Creed's first eponymously named fragrance was a traditional eau de cologne with matching aftershave. Its release date is unknown, although bottles are still in circulation. Creed also has other high-profile creations in its catalog such as Angelique Encens, which was said to have been originally created in 1933 for the Bishop of Paris.[4]

In February 2020, the private equity group BlackRock announced that it would become the majority shareholder of Creed.[5] In June 2023, Creed was acquired by Kering for €3.5 billion.[6]

Popular culture[edit]

Creed has stated that it has created perfumes exclusively for celebrities and well-known political figures. Creed claims that Tabarome "was commissioned by a legendary British statesman who loved fine brandy and highest quality cigars" but this is without historical confirmation.[7] Also, Creed's Vetiver is marketed to have been created for "one of America's leading families, a political dynasty now known worldwide for its energy, vigor, and impeccable style".[8]

Mainstream success[edit]

Creed's mainstream breakthrough success came in the mid-1980s with the fresh fougère fragrance Green Irish Tweed (1985). The first trademark for Creed perfume was registered in 1979 in France.[9]

Creed's marketing masterpiece, the fragrance Aventus (2010) has seen good commercial success. Erwin Creed stated that the popularity of Aventus enabled Creed to open its New York boutique location.[10]


Gabe Oppenheim's book, The Ghost Perfumer, interviews numerous perfumers and disputes Creed's claim that all of the fragrances are made in-house by members of the Creed family. Pierre Bourdon claims to be the perfumer behind Green Irish Tweed (an early iteration of Davidoff's Cool Water, also made by Bourdon), Original Santal, Silver Mountain Water, Erolfa, Millesime Imperial among others.[11]

Publicly released fragrances[edit]

Creed claims to make fragrances exclusively for their clients and that some of those fragrances are later released to the public. These are some of the Creed fragrances sold to the general public.[citation needed]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "About Us". Retrieved 18 October 2023.
  2. ^ dukeofpallmall (22 June 2009). "state of the [car]nation". perfumedpolitics.blogspot.com. Retrieved 21 November 2015.
  3. ^ Charles Creed, Maid to Measure (London, 1961)
  4. ^ "An interview with Erwin Creed". KA Magazine. 14 October 2009.
  5. ^ "BlackRock Long Term Private Capital to Invest in Luxury Fragrance Company Creed in Partnership With Industry Leading Executive Javier Ferrán". www.businesswire.com. 26 February 2020. Retrieved 7 January 2021.
  6. ^ Massoudi, Arash; Klasa, Adrienne; Abboud, Leila (10 July 2023). "Kering paid €3.5bn for fragrance company Creed". Financial Times.
  7. ^ "Buy CREED Tabarome Millesime on CREED Boutique". Creed Boutique. Archived from the original on 25 October 2009. Retrieved 21 November 2015.
  8. ^ "Vétiver by Creed (1948) — Basenotes.net". www.basenotes.net. Retrieved 2 June 2021.
  9. ^ INPI – Service de recherche marques
  10. ^ Erwin Creed talks to Basenotes about regulations, Aventus and more. YouTube. 28 March 2013. Retrieved 21 November 2015.
  11. ^ Oppenheim, Gabe (23 December 2021). The Ghost Perfumer: Part I: Creed, Lies, & the Scent of the Century - Gabe Oppenheim - Google Books. ISBN 9780578964775. Retrieved 14 September 2022.
  12. ^ a b c d "Creed Perfumes And Colognes". www.fragrantica.com. Retrieved 21 November 2015.
  13. ^ "Basenotes – Temporary Huddler Archive". basenotes.net. Archived from the original on 27 October 2013. Retrieved 21 November 2015.
  14. ^ "Oliver Creed Eau De Cologne For Men, Vintage Rare". basenotes.net. Archived from the original on 27 October 2013. Retrieved 21 November 2015.
  15. ^ "Oliver Creed EDT, vintage, extremely rare". basenotes.net. Archived from the original on 8 March 2021. Retrieved 21 November 2015.
  16. ^ "Viking". creedfragrances.co.uk.
  17. ^ "Creed Y'lang Jonquilles (Private Collection) for Marie Osmond!?". basenotes.net. Archived from the original on 27 October 2013. Retrieved 21 November 2015.
  18. ^ "Vintage Creed Ylang Jonquille 8 4 oz 250 ml Green Flacon Very RARE Almost Full – eBay". eBay. Retrieved 21 November 2015.

Media related to Creed (perfume) at Wikimedia Commons