Creedmoor Psychiatric Center
Creedmoor Psychiatric Center is a psychiatric hospital at 79-26 Winchester Boulevard in Queens Village, Queens, New York, United States. It provides inpatient, outpatient and residential services for severely mentally ill patients. The practical nurses and nurse assistants lived and worked on the property. The hospital occupies more than 300 acres (1.2 km2) and includes more than 50 buildings.
The site was named after the Creed family, which farmed on the site. It was used a farming range from the 1870s till 1892. The Farm Colony of Brooklyn State Hospital was opened on the site at 1912, with 32 patients. By 1959, the hospital housed 7,000 inpatients. The hospital's census declined by the early 1960s, and unused portions were sold off and developed into the Queens County Farm Museum, a school campus, and a children's psychiatric center.
The hospital's name derives from the Creeds, a family that previously farmed the site. The local railroad station on a line that ran from Long Island City to Bethpage took the name Creedmoor, apparently from the phrase “Creed’s Moor,” describing the local geography, In the early 1870s, New York State purchased land from the Creeds for use by the National Guard and by the National Rifle Association (NRA) as a firing range. The Creedmoor Rifle Range hosted prestigious international shooting competitions, which became the forerunner of the Palma Trophy competition. In 1892, as a result of declining public interest and mounting noise complaints from the growing neighborhood, the NRA deeded its land back to the state.
In 1912, the Farm Colony of Brooklyn State Hospital was opened, with 32 patients, at Creedmoor by the Lunacy Commission of New York State, reflecting a trend towards sending the swelling population of urban psychiatric patients to the fresh air of outlying areas. By 1918, Creedmoor’s own census had swollen to 150, housed in the abandoned National Guard barracks. By 1959, the hospital housed 7,000 inpatients. Creedmoor is described as a crowded, understaffed institution in Susan Sheehan's Is There No Place On Earth For Me? (1982), a biography of a patient pseudonymously called Sylvia Frumkin. Dr. Lauretta Bender, child neuropsychiatrist, has been reported as practicing there in the 1950s and 1960s. In the late 1970s, one of its more notorious patients was former NYPD officer Robert Torsney, who was committed there in December 1977 after being found not guilty by reason of insanity in the 1976 murder of then 15-year-old Randolph Evans in Brooklyn and was kept there until July 1979 when reviewers declared him no longer a threat.
The hospital's census had declined by the early 1960s as the introduction of new medications, along with the deinstitutionalization movement for many psychiatric patients. In 1975, the land in Glen Oaks formerly used to raise food for the hospital was opened to the public as the Queens County Farm Museum. Another part of the campus in Glen Oaks was developed into the Queens Children's Psychiatric Center. In 2004, the remaining part of Creedmoor land in Glen Oaks was developed into the Glen Oaks public school campus, including The Queens High School of Teaching. By 2006, other parts of the Creedmoor campus had been sold and the inpatient census was down to 470. A more recent portrayal of life in Creedmoor appears in Katherine Olson's Something More Wrong (2013).
Besides former police officer Torsney, rock musician Lou Reed and jazz pianist Bud Powell were treated at Creedmoor. Legendary folksinger Woody Guthrie, who had been institutionalized for years while suffering from Huntington's disease, was transferred to Creedmoor in June 1966 and died there in October 1967. Simone D. is a pseudonym for a psychiatric patient at Creedmoor, who in 2007 won a court ruling which set aside a two-year-old court order to give her electroshock treatment against her will.
- Creedmoor Psychiatric Center. Retrieved April 15, 2015
- Queens Children's Psychiatric Center-History. Retrieved April 15, 2015
- Creedmoor Shooting Range History Archived April 15, 2015, at the Wayback Machine. Retrieved April 15, 2015
- "Queens County Farm Museum". Queens County Farm Museum. March 6, 2011. Retrieved July 26, 2019.
- Queens Children's Psychiatric Center. Retrieved April 15, 2015
- Creedmoor Retrieved June 5, 2016
- "Inside Creedmoor State Hospital's Building 25". AbandonedNYC. May 31, 2012. Retrieved July 26, 2019.
- Levy, Aidan (October 1, 2015). Dirty Blvd.: The Life and Music of Lou Reed. Chicago Review Press. p. 52. Retrieved September 29, 2015.
- Guthrie, Nora (October 30, 2012). My Name is New York: Ramblin' Around Woody Guthrie's Town. powerHouse Books. p. 81. Retrieved September 29, 2015.
- Ussher, Jane M. (2011). The Madness Of Women: Myth and Experience. Routledge. p. 85. ISBN 9781136656323.
- "MindFreedom, article title Another victory against forced electroshock. Simone D. wins!". MFIPortal. Retrieved October 6, 2014.
- "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on February 12, 2015. Retrieved January 23, 2015.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
- "MentalWellness: Online schizophrenia resource and information about mental health issues". web.archive.org. September 27, 2007. Archived from the original on September 27, 2007. Retrieved July 26, 2019.
- Official website Creedmoors official page at the New York State Office of Mental Health
- Goode, Erica (July 30, 2002). "A CONVERSATION WITH: Janos Marton; A Protected Space, Where Art Comes Calling". New York Times. Retrieved April 15, 2015.
- Creedmoor's Living Museum documentary
- Queens Library. 2016. http://www.queensmemory.org/index.php/Search/Index/search/Creedmoor+Psychiatric+Center “Creedmoor Psychiatric Center.” Queens Memory. Accessed December 22.
- Olson, Katherine B. Something More Wrong The Big Roundtable, July 25, 2013. Accessed June 5, 2016
- Lambert, Bruce (November 5, 1996). "Long Island Debates Future of Psychiatric Hospitals". New York Times. Retrieved April 15, 2015.
- Photographs from Inside Creedmor's abandoned Building 25