Creedmoor Psychiatric Center
Creedmoor Psychiatric Center is a psychiatric hospital in Queens Village, Queens, New York, United States that provides inpatient, outpatient and residential services for severely mentally ill patients. The history of the hospital and its campus, which occupies more than 300 acres (1.2 km2) and includes more than 50 buildings, reflects both the urbanization of the borough of Queens, and a series of changes in psychiatric care.
Early history of the site
The hospital's name derives from the Creeds, a family that previously farmed the site. The local railroad station on a line that ran from Long Island City to Bethpage took the name Creedmoor, apparently from the phrase “Creed’s Moor,” describing the local geography, In the early 1870s, New York State purchased land from the Creeds for use by the National Guard and by the National Rifle Association (NRA) as a firing range. The Creedmoor Rifle Range hosted prestigious international shooting competitions, which became the forerunner of the Palma Trophy competition. In 1892, as a result of declining public interest and mounting noise complaints from the growing neighborhood, the NRA deeded its land back to the state.
History of the hospital
In 1912, the Farm Colony of Brooklyn State Hospital was opened, with 32 patients, at Creedmoor by the Lunacy Commission of New York State, reflecting a trend towards sending the swelling population of urban psychiatric patients to the fresh air of outlying areas. By 1918, Creedmoor’s own census had swollen to 150, housed in the abandoned National Guard barracks. By 1959, the hospital housed 7,000 inpatients. Creedmoor is described as a crowded, understaffed institution in Susan Sheehan's Is There No Place On Earth For Me? (1982), a biography of a patient pseudonymously called Sylvia Frumkin. Dr. Lauretta Bender, child neuropsychiatrist, has been reported as practicing there in the 1950s and 1960s. In the late 1970s, one of its more notorious patients was former NYPD officer Robert Torsney, who was committed there in December, 1977 after being found not guilty by reason of insanity in the 1976 murder of then 15-year-old Randolph Evans in Brooklyn.
The hospital's census had declined by the early 1960s, however, as the introduction of new medications, along with the deinstitutionalization movement for many psychiatric patients. In 1975, the land in Glen Oaks formerly used to raise food for the hospital was opened to the public as the Queens County Farm Museum. Another part of the campus in Glen Oaks was developed into the Queens Children's Psychiatric Center. In 2004, the remaining part of Creedmoor land in Glen Oaks was developed into the Glen Oaks public school campus, including The Queens High School of Teaching. By 2006, other parts of the Creedmoor campus had been sold and the inpatient census was down to 470.
Musician Lou Reed and jazz pianist Bud Powell were treated at Creedmoor. Legendary folksinger Woody Guthrie, who had been institutionalized for years while suffering from Huntington's disease, was transferred to Creedmoor in June 1966 and died there in October 1967.
- http://www.omh.ny.gov/omhweb/facilities/crpc/ Creedmoor Psychiatric Center. Retrieved 15 April 2015
- http://www.omh.ny.gov/omhweb/facilities/crpc/history.htm Queens Children's Psychiatric Center-History. Retrieved 15 April 2015
- http://www.researchpress.co.uk/index.php/creedmoor/114-creedmoor Creedmoor Shooting Range History. Retrieved 15 April 2015
- http://www.queensfarm.org/ Queens County Farm Museum. Retrieved 15 April 2015
- http://www.omh.ny.gov/omhweb/facilities/nyccc/qcpc/ Queens Children's Psychiatric Center. Retrieved 15 April 2015
- http://abandonednyc.com/2012/05/31/inside-creedmoor-state-hospitals-building-25/ Retrieved 15 April 2015
- Levy, Aidan (Oct 1, 2015). Dirty Blvd.: The Life and Music of Lou Reed. Chicago Review Press. p. 52. Retrieved 29 September 2015.
- Guthrie, Nora (Oct 30, 2012). My Name is New York: Ramblin' Around Woody Guthrie's Town. powerHouse Books. p. 81. Retrieved 29 September 2015.
- http://www.mentalwellness.com/html/mw/pd_mentalhealth.xml?article=index_programs.jspf Archived September 27, 2007 at the Wayback Machine
- Official website Creedmoors official page at the New York State Office of Mental Health
- Goode, Erica (July 30, 2002). "A CONVERSATION WITH: Janos Marton; A Protected Space, Where Art Comes Calling". New York Times. Retrieved April 15, 2015.
- Creedmoor's Living Museum documentary
- Sheehan, Susan. Is there no place on earth for me? Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1982.
- Lambert, Bruce (November 5, 1996). "Long Island Debates Future of Psychiatric Hospitals". New York Times. Retrieved 15 April 2015.
- Photographs from Inside Creedmor's abandoned Building 25