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Characidium fasciatum 2.JPG
Characidium fasciatum
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Actinopterygii
Order: Characiformes
Suborder: Characoidei
Superfamily: Crenuchoidea
Family: Crenuchidae
Subfamilies and Genera

Subfamily Crenuchinae

Subfamily Characidiinae

The Crenuchidae, South American darters, are a family of freshwater fish of the order Characiformes.[1] The 12 genera include about 74 species, though several species are undescribed.[1] These fish are relatively small (usually under 10 cm (4 in) in standard length) and originate from eastern Panama and South America.[1] Both subfamilies were previously included in the family Characidae, and were placed in a separate family by Buckup, 1998.[2] Buckup, 1993, revised all genera, except Characidium.[3]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b c Nelson, Joseph, S. (2006). Fishes of the World. John Wiley & Sons, Inc. ISBN 0-471-25031-7.
  2. ^ Buckup, Paulo A. (1998). Relationships of the Characidiinae and the phylogeny of characiform fishes (Teleostei, Ostariophysi). p.123-144. In: Malabarba, L.R; Reis, R.E.; Lucena, Z.M.; Lucena, C.A. (eds.) Phylogeny and classification of neotropical fishes. 603p. Porto Alegre, EDIPUCRS.
  3. ^ Buckup, P.A. 1993. Review of the characidiin fishes (Teleostei: Characiformes), with descriptions of four new genera and ten new species. Ichthyological Exploration of Freshwaters 4(2):97-154.