Crepis vesicaria

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Crepis vesicaria
Crepis taraxacifolia.jpg
Scientific classification
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C. vesicaria
Binomial name
Crepis vesicaria
Synonyms[1]

Crepis vesicaria is a European species of flowering plant in the daisy family with the common name beaked hawk's-beard.[2][3] It is native to the eastern and southern Europe from Ireland and Portugal east as far as Germany, Austria, and Greece.[3] It became naturalized in scattered locations in North America.[3][4]

Crepis vesicaria is an annual, biennial, or perennial herb up to 120 cm (48 inches or 4 feet) tall, producing a large underground caudex. Each plant can have as many as 20 flower heads, each with up to 70 ray florets but no disc florets. It grows on hillsides and in sandy clearings.[5]

A prominent plant, Crepis vesicaria stands erect, with many branches, each ending in its own dandelion-like flower.[6]

Image of the underside of the flowerhead, showing two layers of leaf-like phyllaries

The underside of the flower has two layers of leaf-like phyllaries. The inner layer is longer and pointed, and often curls back away from the rest of the flower head. The outer layer is substantially shorter.[6]

Subspecies[edit]

Subspecies include:[1]

  • Crepis vesicaria subsp. andryaloides (Lowe) Babc.
  • Crepis vesicaria subsp. bivonana (Soldano & F.Conti) Giardina & Raimondo
  • Crepis vesicaria subsp. hyemalis (Biv.) Babc.
  • Crepis vesicaria subsp. myriocephala (Batt.) Babc.
  • Crepis vesicaria subsp. stellata (Ball) Babc.
  • Crepis vesicaria subsp. taraxacifolia (Thuill.) Thell.
  • Crepis vesicaria subsp. vesicaria

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b The Plant List, Crepis vesicaria L.
  2. ^ "BSBI List 2007". Botanical Society of Britain and Ireland. Archived from the original (xls) on 2015-01-25. Retrieved 2014-10-17.
  3. ^ a b c Altervista Flora Italiana, Radicchiella rosea, Beaked hawksbeard, Löwenzahn-Pippau, blåsfibbla, Crepis vesicaria L. includes photos and European distribution map
  4. ^ Biota of North America Program 2014 county distribution map
  5. ^ Flora of North America, Beaked hawksbeard Crepis vesicaria Linnaeus, Sp. Pl. 2: 805. 1753.
  6. ^ a b Jepson, Willis Linn (1909). A flora of California, by Willis Linn Jepson. San Francisco, Calif.,: Cunningham, Curtis & Welch,.