Cressing railway station

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Cressing National Rail
Cressing railway station in 1976.jpg
Cressing railway station in 1976
Location
Place Cressing
Local authority Braintree
Coordinates 51°51′07″N 0°34′41″E / 51.852°N 0.578°E / 51.852; 0.578Coordinates: 51°51′07″N 0°34′41″E / 51.852°N 0.578°E / 51.852; 0.578
Grid reference TL776202
Operations
Station code CES
Managed by Abellio Greater Anglia
Number of platforms 1
DfT category F2
Live arrivals/departures, station information and onward connections
from National Rail Enquiries
Annual rail passenger usage*
2011/12 Decrease 26,994
2012/13 Increase 29,838
2013/14 Increase 39,846
2014/15 Decrease 34,680
2015/16 Decrease 29,992
History
Original company Eastern Counties Railway
Pre-grouping Great Eastern Railway
Post-grouping London and North Eastern Railway
2 October 1848 (1848-10-02) Opened as Bulford
1 February 1911 Renamed Cressing
National RailUK railway stations
A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z
* Annual estimated passenger usage based on sales of tickets in stated financial year(s) which end or originate at Cressing from Office of Rail and Road statistics. Methodology may vary year on year.
170433 at Edinburgh Waverley.JPG UK Railways portal

Cressing railway station is on the Braintree Branch Line in the East of England, serving the villages of Cressing and Black Notley, Essex. It is 42 miles 70 chains (69.0 km) down-line from London Liverpool Street via Witham and it is situated between White Notley to the south and Braintree Freeport to the north. Its three-letter station code is CES.

The station is currently managed by Abellio Greater Anglia, which also operates all trains serving it.

History[edit]

The Maldon, Witham & Braintree Railway (MWBR) was authorised in 1846 but prior to its opening the company was absorbed by the Eastern Counties Railway (ECR).[1] The line opened for goods traffic on 15 August 1848, and for passenger services on 2 October 1848;[1] it was double-tracked throughout until the Crimean War.

The station, originally named Bulford, was also opened on 2 October 1848. It was renamed Cressing on 1 February 1911.[2] It is suggested[by whom?] that the large crossing gates were present because Cressing had a passing loop until after World War I, and retained the loop for freight purposes until goods traffic ceased on the line in 1964.

The station was owned by the Great Eastern Railway (GER) from 1862 to 1923, but as the building does not show typical GER architectural canopy support features, it is likely that it pre-dates the GER. Although there does not appear to be any obvious evidence (as in the case of Maldon East & Heybridge which displays "MWB" on the gulleys at the top of its downpipes) that it was built when the line first opened, that is a possibility and if so would make it the only surviving MWBR structure on this railway.[original research?]

There was originally a signal box on the platform, next to the level crossing. This was removed and relocated to the preserved Colne Valley Railway at Castle Hedingham in the 1970s.

Cressing signal box in 1976, before electrification

Services[edit]

The typical off-peak service is of one train per hour to Braintree and one to Witham, where many Monday-Saturday services continue onto the Great Eastern Main Line to London Liverpool Street. On Sundays services terminate at Witham and passengers travelling on towards London must change for a connecting main line train.

Services are typically formed by Class 321 electric multiple units, but occasionally Class 360 units may be utilised.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Awdry, Christopher (1990). Encyclopaedia of British Railway Companies. London: Guild Publishing. p. 147. CN 8983. 
  2. ^ Butt, R.V.J. (1995). The Directory of Railway Stations. Yeovil: Patrick Stephens Ltd. pp. 48, 71. ISBN 1-85260-508-1. R508. 

External links[edit]

Preceding station National Rail National Rail Following station
White Notley   Abellio Greater Anglia
Braintree Branch Line
  Braintree Freeport