Crest (toothpaste)

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Crest
Crest Logo.png
Product type Toothpaste
Owner Procter & Gamble
Country U.S., Canada
Introduced 1955; 61 years ago (1955)
Markets Worldwide
Website www.crest.com

Crest is a brand of toothpaste and oral hygiene products made by Procter & Gamble in the United States and sold worldwide. In many countries in Europe, such as Germany, Bulgaria, Serbia, Ukraine, Russia, Poland, Hungary, Latvia and Romania, it is sold as Blend-A-Med, the name of an established German toothpaste acquired by P&G in 1987 (formerly Blendax GmbH, located in Mainz, Germany).[1] In France, Sweden, Finland, Argentina, Belgium, the Netherlands, Brazil, the UK, Ireland, Nigeria and Colombia, P&G markets similar formulations under the Oral-B brand.[2]

History[edit]

Crest was introduced in the United States in 1955. At first it used stannous fluoride, marketed as "Fluoristan" (this was also the original brand name it was sold under when first introduced in 1954—the name of the product was later changed from "Fluoristan" to "Crest with Fluoristan").[3][4][5] The composition of the toothpaste had been developed by Drs. Muhler, Harry Day, and William H. Nebergall at Indiana University, and was patented by Nebergall. Procter & Gamble paid royalties from use of the patent and thus financed a new dental research institute at this university ("The House that Crest built").[6][7][8] The active ingredient of Crest was changed in 1981 to sodium monofluorophosphate, or "Fluoristat". Today Crest toothpastes use sodium fluoride, or "Dentifrice with Fluoristat"; Crest Pro-Health, recently introduced to the market, uses stannous fluoride again and an abrasive whitener together called "Polyfluorite". Crest is accepted by the American Dental Association (ADA)[9][10] as well as by equivalent dental associations in other countries.

One notable ad campaign from the brand was in the late 1970s and early 1980s, where animated ads featured the Cavity Creeps, a group of grey-colored, rocky humanoid creatures bent on destroying the city of "Toothopolis" (essentially an island city protected by an enormous wall of teeth), with their signature battle cry "We Make, Holes In Teeth!" They were defeated time and again by the "Crest Team", a group of people dressed in Crest-themed jumpsuits, who wielded giant toothbrushes and tubes of Crest to not only ward off the Cavity Creeps, but to protect the wall as well. The team would encourage kids at the end of each commercial to "watch treats and see your dentist" so they could fight cavities "like the Crest Team". This ad campaign has been parodied and referenced over the years, including South Park, during Imaginationland Episode III, where the Cavity Creeps are seen amongst the evil characters.

The Crest brand has also been associated with about twenty brands of dental care products, including toothpaste, toothbrushes, mouthwash, dental floss, as well as a tooth-whitening product called Crest Whitestrips. Examples of toothpastes include Crest Pro Health, Crest 3D White, Crest Tartar Protection, Crest Whitening and Scope flavored toothpaste.[11] From 2004 to 2010, Crest sold dental floss under the Crest Glide brand, which is now called Oral-B Glide. The original Crest logo was designed by Donald Deskey.

Crest Pro-Health mouthwash side effects[edit]

Tooth staining[edit]

Crest Pro-Health mouthwash contains Cetylpyridinium chloride which is known to cause tooth staining in approximately 3 percent of users.[12] Crest has noted that this staining is actually an indication that the product is working as intended, as the stains are a result of bacteria dying on the teeth.[13] Initially, Crest stated that because of the low incidence of staining, there was no need to label Pro-Health mouthwash as a potential tooth stainer.[14] However, after numerous complaints[15] and a federal class-action lawsuit,[16] which was later dismissed,[17] the mouthwash now contains a label warning consumers of its potential to stain teeth.[18]

Reducing premature birth[edit]

The use of Crest Pro-Health mouthwash during pregnancy has been shown to be associated with a decrease in preterm births, presumably because the mouthwash reduces the severity of periodontal disease, which is directly linked to preterm births.[19][20]

Timeline[edit]

  • 1955, Crest with Fluoristan was launched in a number of test markets in the United States.[21]
  • In January 1956, Crest was launched nationally.[21]
  • In 1960, the American Dental Association issued a report confirming that the toothpaste is effective in preventing tooth decay.[21]
  • In 1962, Crest became the best selling toothpaste in the United States.
  • In 1976, the American Chemical Society names the toothpaste as one of the greatest discoveries in the past 100 years.[22]

External links[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ McKay, Robert (June 1988). "Mr. Smale's White Coats". Cincinnati Magazine. Retrieved 2016-05-16. 
  2. ^ Fact Sheet Oral-B Pro Expert
  3. ^ "Worlds Most Favorite Personal Care Brands". 
  4. ^ http://www.ada.org/~/media/ADA/Publications/Files/July_JADA_Centennial_Commentary.ashx
  5. ^ P&G - Crest Toothpaste - The Fell Family - Vintage Commercial - 1950's. February 8, 2013 – via YouTube. 
  6. ^ Harry G. Day: Development of Chemistry at Indiana University in Bloomington 1829–1991, Bloomington 1992, pp. 355, 463–71
  7. ^ Davis Dyer et al. Rising Tide: Lessons from 165 Years of Brand Building at Procter and Gamble, Procter & Gamble Co. 2004
  8. ^ Indiana University homepage Accessed January 31, 2009
  9. ^ "ADA Seal Product Report". Retrieved 2014-03-02. 
  10. ^ Dyer, Davis; et al. (May 1, 2004). Rising Tide: Lessons from 165 Years of Brand Building at Procter and Gamble. Harvard Business Press. p. 280. Retrieved 2013-05-07. 
  11. ^ "Crest Dental Hygiene Products Including Toothpaste, Toothbrush, Mouthwash and Teeth Whitening". Crest.com. June 12, 2011. Retrieved 2011-08-20. 
  12. ^ Fasig, Lisa Biank (2007-04-09). "P&G hopes rinse effect won't wash away sales". Cincinnati Business Courier. The company's Crest Pro-Health Rinse, launched with much promise in April 2005, is discoloring the teeth of about 3 percent of its users, the company said, because it is doing its job. 
  13. ^ "Does Crest Pro-Health Rinse stain teeth brown?". Crest. Archived from the original on 2016-03-06. Retrieved 2016-06-06. Tooth discoloration could actually be one indication, in some people, that the product is working: after the rinse kills germs in your mouth, the dead germs can collect on the tooth surface and create the appearance of a brown stain. 
  14. ^ Sewell, Dan (2008-05-07). "P&G's Pro-Health rinse draws complaints". Associated Press. Archived from the original on 2016-06-06. Brinker said P&G doesn't see a need for a warning label because the number of those affected is very small. 
  15. ^ "Crest rinse fights off customer complaints". USA Today. 2008-05-07. But NBC's Today show reported Wednesday that the complaints have led to a consumer lawsuit alleging fraud and to further study by the Food and Drug Administration, which approved the product. 
  16. ^ White, Ed (2009-08-06). "Mich. lawyer sues, claims mouthwash stained teeth". Associated Press. Archived from the original on 2016-06-06. Rossman's lawsuit seeks class-action status. It accuses P&G of violating the Michigan Consumer Protection Act by not putting a warning on the label. 
  17. ^ "Mouthwash staining lawsuit dismissed". DrBicuspid.com. 2010-07-26. Archived from the original on 2016-06-06. A U.S. District Court judge has dismissed a proposed class-action lawsuit filed against Procter and Gamble charging that the company's Crest Pro-Health mouthwash causes staining and browning of teeth 
  18. ^ Wintonyk, Darcy; Steele, Lynda (2012-10-12). "Consumers spitting mad after mouthwash turns teeth brown". CTV British Columbia. Archived from the original on 2016-06-06. The product does have a small print warning on the back label that reads: “In some cases, antimicrobial rinses may cause surface staining to teeth," but consumers have complained the warning label is buried in the product information. 
  19. ^ Grens, Kerry (2011-07-28). "Mouthwashing moms less likely to have a preemie". Reuters. Pregnant women with gum disease, also called periodontal disease, are known to have more preemies than women with healthy gums. 
  20. ^ Jeffcoat, Marjorie; Parry, Samuel; Gerlach, Robert W.; Doyle, Matthew J. (October 2011). "Use of alcohol-free antimicrobial mouth rinse is associated with decreased incidence of preterm birth in a high-risk population". American Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology. 205 (4): 382.e1–382.e6. 
  21. ^ a b c "History". Procter & Gamble. Retrieved 2016-05-18. 
  22. ^ Smith, Stephen P. (2003). America's greatest brands. 2. American Brands Council. p. 46. Retrieved 2016-05-18.