Creswick, Victoria

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Town Hall & Museum
Creswick is located in Shire of Hepburn
Coordinates37°25′30″S 143°53′30″E / 37.42500°S 143.89167°E / -37.42500; 143.89167Coordinates: 37°25′30″S 143°53′30″E / 37.42500°S 143.89167°E / -37.42500; 143.89167
Population3,170 (2016 census)[1]
Elevation430 m (1,411 ft)
LGA(s)Shire of Hepburn
State electorate(s)Ripon
Federal Division(s)Ballarat
Mean max temp Mean min temp Annual rainfall
17.8 °C
64 °F
6.6 °C
44 °F
742.7 mm
29.2 in

Creswick /ˈkrɛzwɪk/ is a town in west-central Victoria, Australia 18 kilometres north of Ballarat and 122 km northwest of Melbourne, in the Shire of Hepburn. It is 430 metres above sea level. At the 2016 census, Creswick had a population of 3,170. Creswick was named after the Creswick family, the pioneer settlers of the region.


The iridescent blue of Creswick's Blue Waters lake: a former open cut mine that has been converted into a bush camping and 4WD enthusiast playground. Shot: September 2018
Aerial panorama of Blue Waters lake in Creswick. Shot in September 2018.
Aerial perspective of St Georges Lake in Creswick. Shot in September 2018.

The area was inhabited by the Dja Dja Wurrung people before white settlement. The pioneer white settlers were Henry, Charles and John Creswick, three brothers who started a large sheep station in 1842.

Creswick is a former gold-mining town, established during the Victorian gold rushes in the 1850s. The Post Office opened on 1 September 1854 but was named Creswick's Creek until around 1857.[2] The population reached a peak of 25,000 during the gold rush. Today, local industries include forestry, grazing and agriculture.

Creswick was the site of the New Australasian Gold Mine disaster on 12 December 1882, Australia's worst mining disaster in which 22 men drowned.[3]

The town today[edit]

The original Victorian School of Forestry was established in 1910 by the Department of Forestry. It was the first institution set up in Victoria to train and accredit young foresters. Now the campus is part of The University of Melbourne. The campus is situated in Water Street and houses the School of Forest & Ecosystem Science, a highly regarded research and teaching institution.

Creswick has three primary schools—two government and one Catholic: Creswick Primary School, Creswick North Primary School and St Augustines respectively.

The town also has an aged care facility. John Curtin Aged Care was formerly the township's health care hospital, but was converted to a nursing home in 1998.



  • The Creswick Bazaar is held on the third Saturday and Sunday of the month at the historic railway precinct in Raglan Street. The Bazaar features crafts by local people. The railway station, one of the best restored railway stations in Victoria, was restored by a group of volunteers. The railway goods shed hosts the Bazaar and other community events.
  • The Creswick Market located at (Creswick Neighbourhood Centre), Victoria Street, Creswick. Held the third Saturday of every month, from 9 am to 1 pm, Creswick Market features: free live music; kids' entertainment and playground; beautiful gardens to relax in; freshly made delicacies and great coffee; hand-made arts, crafts, jewellery and clothes; home-grown fruit, vegetables and plants; over 90 specialist boutique sites.
  • The Creswick Woollen Mills, established in 1947, is the last remaining coloured spinning mill of its kind in Australia, still owned and run by the founder's family. It produces natural fibre products such as woollen blankets, throws and accessories. The mill is open 7 days a week and operates a self-guided tour and shop.
  • The Creswick Museum is situated at two addresses. The museum in the old Creswick Town Hall is open weekends and public holidays from 11 am until 3.30 pm. The Research Centre, operating out of the former Infant Child Centre, is open Friday and Saturday 11 am to 3.00pm.
  • Creswick has a range of singletrack trails suitable for both mountain biking and trail running. The Annual Brackenbury Mountain Bike Challenge in November attracts participants from across Australia.
  • The iridescent blue of Creswick's Blue Waters lake is a draw for photography enthusiasts. The former open cut mine is located within Creswick Regional park, off Melbourne Road and just minutes from the town centre.


  • The Creswick Bowling Club, which was originally situated in the middle of town, has since relocated to the Lindsay Park complex after several flooding incidents in late 2010 and early 2011,[4] offers lawn bowling for women and men during the spring, summer and autumn months.
  • The town has an Australian Rules football team competing in the Central Highlands Football League.[5]
  • Golfers play at The RACV Resort on the Midland Highway.[6] The Forest Resort is a multi-storied building that is used for vacationing and conferences. It also has a gymnasium, heated pool, spa, library and health spa on the top floor.
  • The Creswick Imperials cricket club play home games at Doug Lindsay recreational reserve. The A grade and A reserve teams play in the Maryborough & District Cricket Association whilst arguably their most popular team will compete in the Ballarat Cricket Association one day B grade competition for the 2016/17 season after having convincingly triumphed in the C grade in 2015/16.

Notable people[edit]

Creswick is the birthplace of the Lindsays, perhaps Australia's best known art family. Famous Lindsays (in birth order) were Percy Lindsay (landscape painter), Sir Lionel Lindsay (printmaker, painter and critic), Norman Lindsay (painter, sculptor and writer), Ruby Lindsay (illustrator) and Sir Daryl Lindsay (painter and arts administrator). Percy Lindsay painted many landscapes of the town and Norman Lindsay immortalised the town in his novel Redheap, a work that was banned for many years.

Other famous Creswickians include John Curtin,[7] Australia's Prime Minister during World War II; Sir Alexander Peacock, a Victorian Premier; Sir Hayden Starke, a Justice of the High Court; and William Spence early trade unionist and co-founder of the Australian Workers Union (AWU). David Temple founded the Creswick Shearers Union. Temple was the General Secretary and Spence the president of the Amalgamated Shearers Union of Australasia.


Creswick is located on the Midland Highway. Creswick railway station is served by V/Line train services to and from Maryborough,[8] as well as buses from Ballarat operated by CDC Ballarat.[9]


  1. ^ Australian Bureau of Statistics (27 June 2017). "Creswick (State Suburb)". 2016 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 9 July 2017. Edit this at Wikidata
  2. ^ Premier Postal History, Post Office List, retrieved 11 April 2008
  3. ^ Gold-Net Australia Online - May 1999
  4. ^ Ballarat Courier, Floods force Creswick Bowling Club to Move Sites, retrieved 29 December 2015
  5. ^ Full Points Footy, Creswick, archived from the original on 12 June 2010, retrieved 25 July 2008
  6. ^ Golf Select, The Forest, retrieved 11 May 2009
  7. ^ Curtin, John. "Curtin, John (1885–1945)".
  8. ^ "New train service to Maryborough and Creswick". Metlink - Your guide to public transport in Melbourne and Victoria. 20 July 2010. Retrieved 25 July 2010.[permanent dead link]
  9. ^ "Ballarat 30 Ballarat Station - Creswick". Public Transport Victoria.

External links[edit]