Crewe (UK Parliament constituency)

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Crewe
Former County constituency
for the House of Commons
County Cheshire
18851983
Number of members One
Replaced by Crewe & Nantwich and Congleton

Crewe was a constituency of the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom from 1885 to 1983. It elected one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first past the post system of election.

The constituency was abolished for the 1983 general election in favour of Crewe and Nantwich, with some of the constituency moved into Congleton.

Boundaries[edit]

1885-1918: The Municipal Borough of Crewe, and parts of the Sessional Divisions of Nantwich and Northwich.

1918-1950: The Municipal Borough of Crewe, the Urban Districts of Alsager and Nantwich, and parts of the Rural Districts of Congleton and Nantwich.

1950-1955: The Municipal Borough of Crewe, the Urban District of Nantwich, and the Rural District of Nantwich.

1955-1983: The Municipal Borough of Crewe, the Urban Districts of Alsager and Sandbach, and in the Rural District of Nantwich the civil parishes of Barthomley, Crewe, Haslington, and Weston.

As its name suggested, the constituency was centred on the town of Crewe in Cheshire. The town of Nantwich was also included in the constituency until 1955, when it gained its own eponymous seat.

Members of Parliament[edit]

Election Member Party
1885 George William Latham Liberal
1886 Walter McLaren Liberal
1895 Robert Ward Conservative
1900 James Tomkinson Liberal
1910 by-election Walter McLaren Liberal
1912 by-election Ernest Craig Conservative
1918 Sir Joseph Davies Coalition Liberal
1922 Edward George Hemmerde Labour
1924 Sir Ernest Craig, Bt Conservative
1929 John William Bowen Labour
1931 Sir Donald Somervell Conservative
1945 Scholefield Allen Labour
Feb 1974 Gwyneth Dunwoody Labour
1983 constituency abolished: see Crewe and Nantwich & Congleton

Elections[edit]

Elections in the 1880s[edit]

General Election 1885: Crewe[1]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal George William Latham 5,089 54.3 n/a
Conservative O L Stephen 4,281 45.7 n/a
Majority 808 8.6 n/a
Turnout n/a
Liberal win (new seat)
General Election 1886: Crewe[2]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Walter McLaren 4,690 53.7 -0.6
Conservative F R Twemlow 4,045 46.3 +0.6
Majority 645 7.4 -1.2
Turnout 80.8
Liberal hold Swing -0.6

Elections in the 1890s[edit]

General Election 1892: Crewe[3]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Walter McLaren 5,558 58.2 +4.5
Conservative H W Chatterton 3,990 41.8 -4.5
Majority 1,568 16.4 +9.0
Turnout 83.7 +
Liberal hold Swing +4.5
Robert Ward
General Election 1895: Crewe[4]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Robert Ward 5,413 52.7 +10.9
Liberal Walter McLaren 4,863 47.3 -10.9
Majority 550 5.4 21.8
Turnout 85.5 +1.8
Conservative gain from Liberal Swing +10.9

Elections in the 1900s[edit]

J. Tomkinson
General Election 1900: Crewe[5]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal James Tomkinson 6,120 55.4 +8.1
Conservative J E Reiss 4,921 44.6 -8.1
Majority 1,199 10.8 16.2
Turnout 82.1
Liberal gain from Conservative Swing +8.1
General Election 1906: Crewe[6]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal James Tomkinson 7,805 59.6 +4.2
Conservative James Hugh Welsford 5,297 40.4 -4.2
Majority 2,508 19.2 +8.4
Turnout 87.1 +5.0
Liberal hold Swing +4.2

Elections in the 1910s[edit]

General Election January 1910: Crewe[7]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal James Tomkinson 7,761 53.3 -6.3
Liberal Unionist John Lane Harrington 5,419 37.2 -3.2
Labour Frank Rose 1,380 9.5 n/a
Majority 2,342 16.1 -3.1
Turnout 91.8
Liberal hold Swing -1.5
Walter McLaren
Crewe by-election, 1910[8]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Walter McLaren 7,639 55.8 +2.5
Conservative James Hugh Welsford 6,041 44.2 +7.0
Majority 1,598 11.6 -4.5
Turnout 86.2
Liberal hold Swing -2.2
General Election December 1910: Crewe[9]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Walter McLaren 7,629 56.3 +0.5
Liberal Unionist Ernest Craig 5,925 43.7 -0.5
Majority 1,704 12.6 +1.0
Turnout 85.4
Liberal hold Swing +0.5
Crewe by-election, 1912
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Unionist Ernest Craig 6,260 44.6 +0.9
Liberal Harold Lawson Murphy 5,294 37.7
Labour James Holmes 2,485 17.7 n/a
Majority
Turnout
Unionist gain from Liberal Swing

General Election 1914/15:

Another General Election was required to take place before the end of 1915. The political parties had been making preparations for an election to take place and by the July 1914, the following candidates had been selected;

Joseph Davies
General Election 1918: Crewe[10]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal 13,392 56.2 +18.5
Labour James Brownlie 10,439 43.8 +27.1
Majority 2,953 12.4
Turnout 68.4
Liberal gain from Unionist Swing n/a
  • endorsed by the Coalition Government.

Elections in the 1920s[edit]

E.G. Hemmerde
General Election 1922: Crewe[11]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Edward Hemmerde 15,311 50.9
National Liberal Joseph Davies 14,756 49.1
Majority 555 1.8
Turnout 80.9
Labour gain from Liberal Swing
Thomas Strangman
General Election 1923: Crewe [12]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Edward Hemmerde 14,628 46.5 -4.4
Unionist Thomas Strangman 8,734 27.8 n/a
Liberal Robert Mortimer Montgomery 8,068 25.7 n/a
Majority 5,894 18.7
Turnout 82.8
Labour hold Swing n/a
General Election 1924: Crewe [13]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Unionist Ernest Craig 18,333 55.5
Labour Edward Hemmerde 14,705 44.5
Majority 3,628 11.0
Turnout 85.6
Unionist gain from Labour Swing
General Election 1929: Crewe[14]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour John Bowen 20,948 50.2 +5.7
Unionist Donald Somervell 11,732 28.1 -27.4
Liberal William Craven Llewelyn 9,076 21.7 n/a
Majority 9,216 22.1 33.1
Turnout 83.7 -1.9
Labour gain from Unionist Swing +16.5

Elections in the 1930s[edit]

General Election 1931: Crewe[15]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Donald Somervell 25,141 57.8
Labour John Bowen 18,351 42.2
Majority 6,790 15.6
Turnout 84.5
Conservative gain from Labour Swing
General Election 1935: Crewe[16]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Donald Somervell 21,729 51.3
Labour John Bowen 20,620 48.7
Majority 1,109 2.6
Turnout 80.3
Conservative hold Swing

General Election 1939/40

Another General Election was required to take place before the end of 1940. The political parties had been making preparations for an election to take place and by the Autumn of 1939, the following candidates had been selected;

Elections in the 1940s[edit]

General Election 1945: Crewe[18]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Scholefield Allen 28,416 60.6
Conservative Donald Somervell 18,468 39.4
Majority 9,948 21.2
Turnout 74.6
Labour gain from Conservative Swing

Elections in the 1950s[edit]

General Election 1950: Crewe[19]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Scholefield Allen 28,981 53.3
Conservative John Richard T. Turner 25,355 46.7
Majority 3,626 6.7
Turnout 86.7
Labour hold Swing
General Election 1951: Crewe[20]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Scholefield Allen 28,488 52.2
Conservative John Richard T. Turner 26,045 47.8
Majority 2,443 4.5
Turnout 86.6
Labour hold Swing
General Election 1955: Crewe[21]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Scholefield Allen 21,629 52.5
Conservative Granger Farwell Boston 15,273 37.1
Liberal Thomas Stuttard Rothwell 4,306 10.5 N/A
Majority 6,356 15.4
Turnout 81.5
Labour hold Swing
General Election 1959: Crewe[22]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Scholefield Allen 22,811 54.5
Conservative Geoffrey Leonard Beaman 19,030 45.5
Majority 3,781 9.0
Turnout 82.1
Labour hold Swing

Elections in the 1960s[edit]

General Election 1964: Crewe[23]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Scholefield Allen 23,579 57.2
Conservative Anthony G. Barbour 17,657 42.8
Majority 5,922 14.4
Turnout 79.0
Labour hold Swing
General Election 1966: Crewe[24]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Scholefield Allen 24,141 61.0
Conservative Anthony G. Barbour 15,430 39.0
Majority 8,711 22.0
Turnout 75.6
Labour hold Swing

Elections in the 1970s[edit]

General Election 1970: Crewe[25]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Scholefield Allen 22,160 54.3
Conservative Alastair Goodlad 18,678 45.7
Majority 3,482 8.5
Turnout 71.0
Labour hold Swing
General Election February 1974: Crewe[26]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Gwyneth Dunwoody 21,259 46.5
Conservative James Graham Park 16,136 35.3
Liberal D. J. Hulland 8,313 18.2 N/A
Majority 5,123 11.2
Turnout 77.8
Labour hold Swing
General Election October 1974: Crewe[27]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Gwyneth Dunwoody 21,534 49.7
Conservative James Graham Park 14,279 32.9
Liberal E.A. Richardson 7,559 17.4
Majority 7,255 16.7
Turnout 73.2
Labour hold Swing
General Election 1979: Crewe[28]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Gwyneth Dunwoody 22,288 48.3
Conservative J. V. Butcher 18,051 39.1
Liberal C. Bithell 5,430 11.8
National Front W. Tonks 352 0.8 N/A
Majority 4,237 9.2
Turnout 77.5
Labour hold Swing

References[edit]

  1. ^ British parliamentary election results, 1885-1918 (Craig)
  2. ^ British parliamentary election results, 1885-1918 (Craig)
  3. ^ British parliamentary election results, 1885-1918 (Craig)
  4. ^ British parliamentary election results, 1885-1918 (Craig)
  5. ^ British parliamentary election results, 1885-1918 (Craig)
  6. ^ British parliamentary election results, 1885-1918 (Craig)
  7. ^ British parliamentary election results, 1885-1918 (Craig)
  8. ^ British parliamentary election results, 1885-1918 (Craig)
  9. ^ British parliamentary election results, 1885-1918 (Craig)
  10. ^ British Parliamentary Election Results 1918-1949, FWS Craig
  11. ^ British Parliamentary Election Results 1918-1949, FWS Craig
  12. ^ British Parliamentary Election Results 1918-1949, FWS Craig
  13. ^ British Parliamentary Election Results 1918-1949, FWS Craig
  14. ^ British Parliamentary Election Results 1918-1949, FWS Craig
  15. ^ British Parliamentary Election Results 1918-1949, FWS Craig
  16. ^ British Parliamentary Election Results 1918-1949, FWS Craig
  17. ^ Report of the Annual Conference of the Labour Party, 1939
  18. ^ UK General Election results July 1945
  19. ^ UK General Election results February 1950
  20. ^ UK General Election results October 1951
  21. ^ UK General Election results May 1955
  22. ^ UK General Election results October 1959
  23. ^ UK General Election results October 1964
  24. ^ UK General Election results March 1966
  25. ^ UK General Election results 1970
  26. ^ UK General Election results February 1974
  27. ^ UK General Election results October 1974
  28. ^ UK General Election results May 1979