Crewe and Nantwich (UK Parliament constituency)

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Crewe and Nantwich
County constituency
for the House of Commons
Outline map
Boundary of Crewe and Nantwich in Cheshire.
Outline map
Location of Cheshire within England.
County Cheshire
Electorate 78,845 (December 2010)[1]
Current constituency
Created 1983
Member of parliament Edward Timpson (Conservative)
Number of members One
Created from Crewe and Nantwich
Overlaps
European Parliament constituency North West England

Crewe and Nantwich is a constituency in Cheshire[n 1] represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament since 2008 by Edward Timpson of the Conservative Party.[n 2]

History[edit]

The constituency was created for the 1983 General Election. For 25 years the constituency elected the Labour MP Gwyneth Dunwoody. Dunwoody gained increasing majorities in the elections of 1987, 1992 and 1997. Her majority was slightly reduced in the 2001 and 2005 elections. Gwyneth Dunwoody died on 17 April 2008 leading to a by-election held on 22 May 2008 which was won by the Conservative candidate Edward Timpson.[2][3][4][5]

The by-election produced the first Conservative MP for the seat and nationally the first gain for a Conservative at a parliamentary by-election since the Mitcham and Morden by-election in 1982 during the Falklands War, and the first from Labour since the Ilford North by-election of 1978.

Boundaries[edit]

1983-1997: The Borough of Crewe and Nantwich wards of Acton, Alexandra, Audlem, Barony Weaver, Bunbury, Combermere, Coppenhall, Delamere, Grosvenor, Maw Green, Minshull, Peckforton, Queens Park, Ruskin Park, St Barnabas, St John's, Shavington, Waldron, Wellington, Weston Park, Willaston East, Willaston West, Wistaston, Wrenbury, and Wybunbury.

1997-2010: The Borough of Crewe and Nantwich wards of Alexandra, Barony Weaver, Coppenhall, Delamere, Grosvenor, Haslington, Maw Green, Queens Park, Ruskin Park, St Barnabas, St John's, Shavington, Waldron, Wellington, Weston Park, Willaston East, Willaston West, Wistaston, and Wybunbury.

2010-present: The Borough of Crewe and Nantwich wards of Alexandra, Barony Weaver, Birchin, Coppenhall, Delamere, Englesea, Grosvenor, Haslington, Leighton, Maw Green, St Barnabas, St John's, St Mary's, Shavington, Valley, Waldron, Wellington, Wells Green, Willaston, Wistaston Green, and Wybunbury.

The constituency was created from parts of the constituencies of Crewe and Nantwich. Crewe had elected Labour MPs since 1945, while Nantwich had only elected Conservative MPs since its creation in 1955.

The boundaries of the constituency include the towns of Crewe and Nantwich in the unitary authority of Cheshire East; however, much of the rural area west of Nantwich, and parts of the north of the town of Crewe are in the Eddisbury constituency. Part of Delamere Forest is included in its area.

Members of Parliament[edit]

Election Member[6] Party
1983 Gwyneth Dunwoody Labour
2008 by-election Edward Timpson Conservative

Elections[edit]

Elections in the 2010s[edit]

General Election 2015: Crewe and Nantwich[7][8]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Edward Timpson 22,445 45.0 -0.9
Labour Adrian Heald 18,825 37.7 +3.7
UKIP Richard Lee 7,252 14.5 +11.8
Liberal Democrat Roy Wood 1,374 2.8 -12.2
Majority 3,620 7.3 -4.5
Turnout 49,896 67.4 +1.5
Conservative hold Swing -2.3
General Election 2010: Crewe and Nantwich[9][10]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Edward Timpson 23,420 45.8 +12.9
Labour David Williams 17,374 34.0 -14.4
Liberal Democrat Roy Wood 7,656 15 -3.7
UKIP James Clutton 1,414 2.8 N/A
BNP Phil Williams 1,043 2.0 N/A
Independent Mike Parsons 177 0.3 N/A
Majority 6,046 11.8 N/A
Turnout 51,084 65.9 -2.0
Conservative gain from Labour Swing +17.6

Elections in the 2000s[edit]

By-election, May 2008: Crewe and Nantwich[4][5]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Edward Timpson 20,539 49.5 +16.9
Labour Tamsin Dunwoody 12,679 30.6 -18.3
Liberal Democrat Elizabeth Shenton 6,040 14.6 -4.0
UKIP Mike Nattrass 922 2.2 N/A
Green Robert Smith 359 0.9 N/A
English Democrats David Roberts 275 0.7 N/A
Monster Raving Loony The Flying Brick 236 0.6 N/A
Independent Mark Walklate 217 0.5 N/A
Cut Tax on Diesel and Petrol Paul Thorogood 118 0.3 N/A
Independent Gemma Garrett 113 0.3 N/A
Majority 7,860 18.9 N/A
Turnout 41,498 58.2 -2.0
Conservative gain from Labour Swing +17.6
General Election 2005: Crewe and Nantwich[11][12]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Gwyneth Dunwoody 21,240 48.8 -5.5
Conservative Eveleigh Moore-Dutton 14,162 32.6 +2.2
Liberal Democrat Paul Roberts 8,083 18.6 +5.1
Majority 7,078 16.9 -7.3
Turnout 43,485 60.0 -13.9
Labour hold Swing -3.7
General Election 2001: Crewe and Nantwich[13][12]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Gwyneth Dunwoody 22,556 54.3 −3.9
Conservative Donald Potter 12,650 30.4 +3.5
Liberal Democrat David Cannon 5,595 13.5 +1.7
UKIP Roger Croston 746 1.8 N/A
Majority 9,906 23.8 -7.4
Turnout 41,547 60.2 0.0
Labour hold Swing −3.8

Elections in the 1990s[edit]

General Election 1997: Crewe and Nantwich[14][12]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Gwyneth Dunwoody 29,460 58.2 +12.5
Conservative Michael Loveridge 13,662 27.0 −14.3
Liberal Democrat David Cannon 5,940 11.7 −0.2
Referendum Peter Astbury 1,543 3.0 N/A
Majority 15,798 31.2 +26.8
Turnout 50,605 73.7 −8.2
Labour hold Swing +13.4
General Election 1992: Crewe and Nantwich[15][12][16]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Gwyneth Dunwoody 28,065 45.7 +1.7
Conservative Brian Silvester 25,370 41.3 −0.8
Liberal Democrat Gwyn Griffiths 7,315 11.9 −2.0
Green Natalie Wilkinson 651 1.1 N/A
Majority 2,695 4.4 +2.5
Turnout 61,401 81.9 +2.6
Labour hold Swing +1.3

Elections in the 1980s[edit]

General Election 1987: Crewe and Nantwich[17][18]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Gwyneth Dunwoody 25,457 44.0 +2.9
Conservative Angela Francis Browning 24,365 42.1 +1.5
Social Democratic Kenneth Roberts 8,022 13.9 −4.4
Majority 1,092 1.9 +1.6
Turnout 57,844 79.3 +4.6
Labour hold Swing
General Election 1983: Crewe and Nantwich[19][20]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Gwyneth Dunwoody 22,031 41.1 N/A
Conservative Patrick Rock 21,741 40.6 N/A
Social Democratic John Pollard 9,820 18.3 N/A
Majority 290 0.5 N/A
Turnout 53,592 74.7 N/A
Labour win (new seat)

See also[edit]

Notes and references[edit]

Notes
  1. ^ A county constituency (for the purposes of election expenses and type of returning officer)
  2. ^ As with all constituencies, the constituency elects one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first past the post system of election at least every five years.
References
  1. ^ "Electorate Figures - Boundary Commission for England". 2011 Electorate Figures. Boundary Commission for England. 4 March 2011. Archived from the original on 6 November 2010. Retrieved 13 March 2011. 
  2. ^ "MP Gwyneth Dunwoody dies aged 77". BBC News. 17 April 2008. 
  3. ^ "By-election to replace veteran MP". BBC News. 29 April 2008. 
  4. ^ a b Watt, Nicholas (23 May 2008). "Conservatives win Crewe and Nantwich byelection with 7,860 majority". London: The Guardian. Retrieved 23 May 2008. 
  5. ^ a b "Tories snatch Crewe from Labour". BBC News. 23 May 2008. Retrieved 23 May 2008. Tory candidate Edward Timpson won 7,860 more votes than his Labour rival, overturning a 7,000 Labour majority at the general election - a 17.6% swing. 
  6. ^ Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "C" (part 6)[self-published source][better source needed]
  7. ^ "Election Data 2015". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 17 October 2015. Retrieved 17 October 2015. 
  8. ^ General Election 2015 - Crewe and Nantwich BBC News
  9. ^ "Election Data 2010". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 26 July 2013. Retrieved 17 October 2015. 
  10. ^ General Election 2010 - Crewe and Nantwich BBC News
  11. ^ "Election Data 2005". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015. 
  12. ^ a b c d "Aristotle: Crewe and Nantwich", Guardian Unlimited
  13. ^ "Election Data 2001". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015. 
  14. ^ "Election Data 1997". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015. 
  15. ^ "Election Data 1992". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015. 
  16. ^ "UK General Election results April 1992". Richard Kimber's Political Science Resources. Politics Resources. 9 April 1992. Retrieved 6 December 2010. 
  17. ^ "Election Data 1987". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015. 
  18. ^ "UK General Election results June 1987". Political Science Resources. 
  19. ^ "Election Data 1983". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015. 
  20. ^ "UK General Election results June 1983". Political Science Resources. 

Coordinates: 53°5′N 2°29′W / 53.083°N 2.483°W / 53.083; -2.483