Crewe and Nantwich (UK Parliament constituency)
|Crewe and Nantwich|
for the House of Commons
|Major settlements||Crewe, Nantwich|
|Member of Parliament||Kieran Mullan (Conservative)|
|Number of members||One|
|Created from||Crewe, Nantwich|
Crewe and Nantwich is a constituency in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament. It is located in Cheshire. It was created in 1983, and has been represented since 2019 by Kieran Mullan of the Conservative Party.
The constituency was created for the 1983 general election following the major reorganisation of local authorities under the Local Government Act 1972, which came into effect on 1 April 1974. It combined parts of the abolished separate constituencies of Crewe and Nantwich and reunited the towns of Crewe and Nantwich in one constituency. Crewe had elected Labour MPs since 1945, while Nantwich had only elected Conservative MPs since its creation in 1955.
1983–1997: The Borough of Crewe and Nantwich wards of Acton, Alexandra, Audlem, Barony Weaver, Bunbury, Combermere, Coppenhall, Delamere, Grosvenor, Maw Green, Minshull, Peckforton, Queens Park, Ruskin Park, St Barnabas, St John's, Shavington, Waldron, Wellington, Weston Park, Willaston East, Willaston West, Wistaston, Wrenbury, and Wybunbury.
Comprised the former Municipal Borough of Crewe, previously making up about half of the abolished constituency of Crewe, together with Nantwich and remaining parts of the new Borough of Crewe and Nantwich (excluding Haslington), previously in the abolished constituency of Nantwich.
1997–2010: The Borough of Crewe and Nantwich wards of Alexandra, Barony Weaver, Coppenhall, Delamere, Grosvenor, Haslington, Maw Green, Queens Park, Ruskin Park, St Barnabas, St John's, Shavington, Waldron, Wellington, Weston Park, Willaston East, Willaston West, Wistaston, and Wybunbury.
2010–present: The Parliamentary Constituencies (England) Order 2007 defined the boundaries as:
The Borough of Crewe and Nantwich wards of Alexandra, Barony Weaver, Birchin, Coppenhall, Delamere, Englesea, Grosvenor, Haslington, Leighton, Maw Green, St Barnabas, St John's, St Mary's, Shavington, Valley, Waldron, Wellington, Wells Green, Willaston, Wistaston Green, and Wybunbury.
Minor changes due to revision of ward boundaries.
However, before this came into force for the 2010 election, the Borough of Crewe and Nantwich was abolished on 1 April 2009, becoming part of the new unitary authority of Cheshire East. Consequently, the constituency's boundaries are currently:
The Cheshire East Borough wards of Crewe Central, Crewe East, Crewe North, Crewe St Barnabas, Crewe South, Crewe West, Haslington, Leighton (part), Nantwich North & West, Nantwich South & Stapeley, Shavington, Willaston & Rope, Wistaston, and Wybunbury.
The seat had been a marginal seat since 2008, as its winner's majority had not exceeded 11.8% of the vote since the 18.9% majority won in that year. A swing seat, it has changed hands twice since 2008. Its 2017 general election result was the eighth-closest result, a winning margin of 48 votes. In 2019, the Conservative candidate secured a 15.7% majority.
On its formation for the 1983 general election, the Labour MP Gwyneth Dunwoody, who had served for the previous constituency of Crewe, came close to losing her second seat in 1983 (she had earlier lost her Exeter seat in 1970), when she scraped in by just 290 votes. Dunwoody increased her majorities at the general elections of 1987, 1992 and 1997. Her majority was slightly reduced at the 2001 and 2005 general elections. She died on 17 April 2008, after 34 years representing the seat and its predecessor, leading to a by-election held on 22 May 2008 which was won by the Conservative candidate Edward Timpson. The Labour candidate, Dunwoody's daughter Tamsin, came a distant second. Having previously enjoyed a considerable lead in support over the Conservatives (as indicated in Gwyneth Dunwoody’s over 7,000 majority in 2005), the Labour government had lost support due to the onset of the global recession and Gordon Brown’s relatively weak image as a leader.
The by-election produced the first Conservative MP for the seat and nationally the first gain for a Conservative Party candidate at a parliamentary by-election since the Mitcham and Morden by-election in 1982 during the Falklands War, and the first from Labour since the Ilford North by-election of 1978.
Timpson held the seat until 2017, where Labour's Laura Smith gained it with a narrow majority of just 48 votes, the closest margin in the seat's history and the second-narrowest Labour gain of the election (behind Kensington, at 20 votes). In the 2019 the Conservatives regained the seat with a majority of 8,508 on a swing of 7.9% to the Conservatives.
Members of Parliament
|2008 by-election||Edward Timpson||Conservative|
Elections in the 2010s
|Liberal Democrats||Matthew Theobald||2,618||4.8||2.4|
|Brexit Party||Matt Wood||1,390||2.6||New|
|Green||Te Ata Browne||975||1.8||New|
|Conservative gain from Labour||Swing||7.9|
|Liberal Democrats||David Crowther||1,334||2.4||0.4|
|Labour gain from Conservative||Swing||3.7|
|Liberal Democrats||Roy Wood||1,374||2.8||12.2|
|Liberal Democrats||Roy Wood||7,656||15.0||-3.7|
|Conservative gain from Labour||Swing||+17.6|
Elections in the 2000s
|Liberal Democrats||Elizabeth Shenton||6,040||14.6||-4.0|
|English Democrat||David Roberts||275||0.7||New|
|Monster Raving Loony||The Flying Brick||236||0.6||New|
|Cut Tax on Diesel and Petrol||Paul Thorogood||118||0.3||New|
|Conservative gain from Labour||Swing||+17.6|
|Liberal Democrats||Paul Roberts||8,083||18.6||+5.1|
|Liberal Democrats||David Cannon||5,595||13.5||+1.8|
Elections in the 1990s
|Liberal Democrats||David Cannon||5,940||11.7||−0.8|
|Liberal Democrats||Gwyn Griffiths||7,315||11.9||−2.0|
Elections in the 1980s
|Labour win (new seat)|
- List of Parliamentary constituencies in Cheshire
- History of Parliamentary constituencies and boundaries in Cheshire
Notes and references
- "Crewe & Nantwich". BBC. Retrieved 13 December 2019.
- "Parliamentary Constituencies (England) Order 1983" (PDF).
- "Parliamentary Constituencies (England) Order 1995".
- "Parliamentary Constituencies (England) Order 2007".
- Library, House of Commons (23 June 2017). "GE2017: Marginal seats and turnout".
- "MP Gwyneth Dunwoody dies aged 77". BBC News. 17 April 2008.
- "By-election to replace veteran MP". BBC News. 29 April 2008.
- Watt, Nicholas (23 May 2008). "Conservatives win Crewe and Nantwich byelection with 7,860 majority". The Guardian. London. Retrieved 23 May 2008.
- "Tories snatch Crewe from Labour". BBC News. 23 May 2008. Retrieved 23 May 2008.
Tory candidate Edward Timpson won 7,860 more votes than his Labour rival, overturning a 7,000 Labour majority at the general election – a 17.6% swing.
- Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "C" (part 6)
- "Crewe & Nantwich Parliamentary constituency". BBC News. BBC. Retrieved 25 November 2019.
- "Crewe & Nantwich parliamentary constituency". BBC News.
- "Election Data 2015". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 17 October 2015. Retrieved 17 October 2015.
- general election 2015 – Crewe and Nantwich BBC News
- "Election Data 2010". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 26 July 2013. Retrieved 17 October 2015.
- General Election 2010 – Crewe and Nantwich BBC News
- "Election Data 2005". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Aristotle: Crewe and Nantwich", Guardian Unlimited
- "Election Data 2001". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Election Data 1997". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Election Data 1992". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "UK General Election results April 1992". Richard Kimber's Political Science Resources. Politics Resources. 9 April 1992. Archived from the original on 4 March 2016. Retrieved 6 December 2010.
- "Election Data 1987". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "UK General Election results June 1987". Political Science Resources.
- "Election Data 1983". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "UK General Election results June 1983". Political Science Resources.