Crianlarich railway station

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Crianlarich National Rail
Scottish Gaelic: A' Chrìon Làraich
Crianlarich Station from the south.JPG
Crianlarich station buildings from the south
(21 April 2006)
Location
Place Crianlarich
Local authority Stirling
Coordinates 56°23′25″N 4°37′07″W / 56.3903°N 4.6185°W / 56.3903; -4.6185Coordinates: 56°23′25″N 4°37′07″W / 56.3903°N 4.6185°W / 56.3903; -4.6185
Grid reference NN384251
Operations
Station code CNR
Managed by Abellio ScotRail
Number of platforms 2
Live arrivals/departures, station information and onward connections
from National Rail Enquiries
Annual rail passenger usage*
2012/13 Decrease 15,276
– Interchange  Increase 1,347
2013/14 Decrease 13,040
– Interchange  Increase 20,491
2014/15 Increase 16,752
– Interchange  Decrease 1,619
2015/16 Decrease 16,726
– Interchange  Decrease 1,466
2016/17 Decrease 16,672
– Interchange  Increase 1,775
History
Original company West Highland Railway
Pre-grouping North British Railway
Post-grouping LNER
1894 Opened
1953 Suffix "Upper" added to station name.
After 1965 Suffix "Upper" removed from station name.
National RailUK railway stations
A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z
* Annual estimated passenger usage based on sales of tickets in stated financial year(s) which end or originate at Crianlarich from Office of Rail and Road statistics. Methodology may vary year on year.
170433 at Edinburgh Waverley.JPG UK Railways portal

Crianlarich railway station is a railway station serving the village of Crianlarich in Scotland. It is located on the West Highland Line. The routes to Fort William/Mallaig and Oban diverge after this station. Access to the platform is via a flight of stairs from a subway that runs underneath the tracks, from the car park which is slightly lower than the station itself.

History[edit]

Crianlarich (Upper) station in 1957

Crianlarich station opened concurrently with the West Highland Railway in 1894, doubling the number of railway stations in the village. The lines and station were eventually built by the state under compulsory purchase arrangements sought after the persistent rejection by the landowners the Place family of Loch Dochart House and Skelton Grange, Yorkshire who even turned down the offer of having all the proceeds from the two station tea-rooms in perpetuity. The Places felt that the project would spoil their shooting grounds; the family sold their house and estate shortly after their defeat and retreated to Yorkshire.

The station was laid out with a crossing loop around an island platform and sidings on both sides. On the east side were was an engine shed and a turntable. Three years after opening, in 1897, a junction and link line down to the Callander and Oban Railway, which passed below the West Highland route, was added. Originally, the junction incorporated a scissors crossover, allowing simultaneous moves through the junction. However until 1931 the link line was only used to exchange good wagons between the two lines. From 1931 onwards, it was also used for excursion traffic from Glasgow and the surrounding areas to the Oban line.

In 1953, British Rail added the suffix "Upper" to the station's name, in order to distinguish it from the nearby station (only about 330-yard (300 m) walk along the north east access road) on the Callander and Oban Line which then became known as Crianlarich Lower.

Since closure of the Callander and Oban Line east of Crianlarich in 1965 (during the Beeching cuts), all trains to Oban have been routed up the West Highland Line as far as Crianlarich Upper station. They then join the remaining part of the Oban line by means of the link line, which had formerly been infrequently used. Crianlarich Lower station also closed in 1965. Some years later, the Upper station's name reverted to "Crianlarich".

The old engine shed is now used by the Permanent Way engineers.

Services[edit]

Northbound, Crianlarich is where the combined trains for Oban and Mallaig divide, with each of the services leaving roughly five minutes apart. Southbound, when each train arrives from Oban or Mallaig, it joins with the other and they go down as one train from Crianlarich. In the 2015-16 timetable, three additional services run to/from Oban only in addition to the trio of combined workings.[1]

Mondays to Saturdays, there are six services to Oban, three to Mallaig and one service to Fort William (Highland Caledonian Sleeper) northbound. Southbound, there are six services to Glasgow Queen Street and one service to London Euston (Highland Caledonian Sleeper does not run on Saturday). On Sundays, there are three services to Oban all year and one or two (depending on the time of year) to Mallaig northbound. Southbound, there are four trains to Glasgow Queen Street and one to London Euston (the sleeper calls at Queen Street Low Level & Edinburgh to set down only, as it conveys seated coaches as well as sleeping cars and can thus be used by regular passengers).

Preceding station National Rail National Rail Following station
Ardlui   Abellio ScotRail
West Highland Line
  Tyndrum Lower
    Upper Tyndrum
Ardlui   Caledonian Sleeper
Highland Caledonian Sleeper
  Upper Tyndrum
  Historical railways  
Ardlui
Line open; Station open
  West Highland Railway
North British Railway
  Tyndrum
Line open; Station open
Southern end
of link line
  Callander and Oban Railway
Crianlarich Link Line
Operated by Caledonian Railway
  Tyndrum Lower
Line open; Station open

Station building[edit]

An independently operated tea room is located in the station building. The station buildings are not the original ones: these (which were of the standard 'West Highland' design) were destroyed by fire in 1937.

Freight facilities[edit]

Timber wagons being loaded at Crianlarich (19 July 2006)

The area around the station is forested. The sidings on the west side of the station were used for loading timber until December 2008 when the carriage of Scottish timber by rail ceased in connection with the recession. As of June 2015, there is still no sign of the service being reinstated. Timber trains leaving the sidings at Crianlarich often paused at Arrochar and Tarbet to attach further wagons, the sidings at both stations are now used by the Area Civil Engineer for the storage of materials. Each September though, two or more steam locomotives can sometimes be seen in the sidings at Crianlarich when locomotives out-based at Fort William for working on the Mallaig line, make the southbound trip to work the annual Railway Touring Companies 'West Highland Steam Express' charter which will usually swap locomotives at Crianlarich. It is not unusual for two Stanier Black 5s from Fort William to be in the sidings whilst the train arrives from Glasgow with the sole surviving ex LNER K4 The Great Marquess, which is then detached and replaced by the two '5s' for the run down to Oban and back. A second swap then occurs as the '5s' are replaced by the K4 for the run up to Fort William.

Signalling[edit]

From the time of its opening in 1894, the West Highland Railway was worked throughout by the electric token system. Crianlarich signal box was situated at the north end of the island platform.

In 1967, the method of working between Crianlarich and Rannoch was changed to the Scottish Region Tokenless Block system. In August 1985, the method of working between Crianlarich and Rannoch reverted to the electric token block system.

The semaphore signals were removed in stages during December 1985 in preparation for the introduction of Radio Electronic Token Block (RETB) by British Rail. Track layout alterations were made at the same time, including simplification of the junction and extension of the crossing loop at the south end. The RETB, which is controlled from a Signalling Centre at Banavie railway station, was commissioned from Helensburgh Upper to Upper Tyndrum and Taynuilt on 27 March 1988.[2]

The junction points at the north end of the station are electrically operated and the route selected by means of a plunger at the platform end operated by the train driver. Once the route has been chosen and the points set, the driver returns to his train cab and contacts the Banavie control centre for permission to proceed.[3]

The Train Protection & Warning System was installed in 2003.

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ GB eNRT 2015-16 Edition, Table 227 (Network Rail)
  2. ^ "RETB"Scot-rail.co.uk; Retrieved 27 April 2016
  3. ^ "RETB Banavie South" Retrieved 27 April 2016

Sources[edit]

  • Butt, R. V. J. (1995). The Directory of Railway Stations: details every public and private passenger station, halt, platform and stopping place, past and present (1st ed.). Sparkford: Patrick Stephens Ltd. ISBN 978-1-85260-508-7. OCLC 60251199. 
  • Jowett, Alan (March 1989). Jowett's Railway Atlas of Great Britain and Ireland: From Pre-Grouping to the Present Day (1st ed.). Sparkford: Patrick Stephens Ltd. ISBN 978-1-85260-086-0. OCLC 22311137. 

External links[edit]