Cricket flour

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Fusilli made of cricket flour

Cricket flour is the misnomer term used to refer to powder made from crickets using various processes. [1][2] Cricket flour differs from true flours made from grains by being composed mainly of protein rather than starches and dietary fiber.

Nutritional information[edit]

According to the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, edible insects such as crickets, mealworms and grasshoppers are nutrient-rich food sources. They are high in complete protein, unsaturated fat, dietary fiber, vitamins and essential minerals.[3][4] Also, cricket flour contains nutrients such as nine amino acids, calcium, iron, potassium, vitamin B12, B2, and fatty acids. Some amino acids common in insects are Lysine and Tryptophan. [5]

Sustainability[edit]

cricket flour has the potential to be a sustainable and environmentally-friendly source of protein. Crickets, have a high growth rate and reproduce quickly with little maintenance required.[3]

some think "Insect food production requirements are based on the 'feed conversion efficiency', this measures the amount of food needed to produce for an increase in weight. Insects, like crickets, require about 1.7 kg of feed to increase weight and it takes 3100 L of water to produce 1kg of edible cricket protein. [6][7] This is because crickets are cold blooded and rely on their environment to control metabolic processes rather than food (e.g. body temperature)." but this conflicts with Kleiber's law and is unlikely true.

one study showed insects are considered to be 80‐100% edible.[6]

crickets at their harvest are likely mostly exoskeletons that is largely made up of Chitin.chitin likely brakes down into Glucose in stomach of animals that eat them. if the Cricket flour production removes the "insides of the crickets" leaving just the exoskeleton they are removing the majority of the protein.

Food Security and Processing[edit]

some safety precautions are taken. such as the insects feed intake. some Insects feed on manure and organic waste. This raises concerns for microbial and toxicity safety.[8] Many countries do not have set policies or regulations to insect farming. so it is unknown what the insect consumed. For example, some may be impacted by pesticides or infected waste.

Processing is done either commercially or locally depending on the popularity in a particular region. some processing begins with removing the insides of the insect. Then, they are preserved or Freeze-dryed. [8]

Cricket flour is then made with the dried crickets. the crickets are baked to make the processing easier. After they are baked, they are grounded into very fine pieces. The freezing, baking, and drying makes a dark brown powdery texture. [9]

Cost[edit]

Prices will vary depending on location, but the average cost of pre-made cricket flour is around $40 per pound (4,200 to 4,800 crickets). [10] The high price is likely due to limited commercializing and processors. [11] Cricket flour is sold in limited areas, but mainly online and wholesale stores. The average prices for frozen crickets are about $9 per pound.[12] These can be utilized in personally making cricket flour. Cricket flour is utilized as a complete replacement for flour. The taste is describe by some as very nutty, and cooking quality may change The taste (but not by much). [13][14]

Allergies[edit]

People with shellfish allergies may need to use caution when consuming cricket flour. there is a risk of pathogens with consuming insects. [15]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Aaron T. Dossey; Juan A. Morales-Ramos; M. Guadalupe Rojas, eds. (2016). Insects as Sustainable Food Ingredients: Production, Processing and Food Applications. Academic Press. ISBN 9780128028926.
  2. ^ Griopro Cricket Powder. http://www.cricketpowder.com/ Griopro.
  3. ^ a b Huis, Arnold Van (2013). "Edible Insects: Future Prospects for Food and Feed Security" (PDF). Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.
  4. ^ Wilson, Charles (24 February 2015). "Cricket Nutrition". CricketFlours. Retrieved 19 June 2017.
  5. ^ "What the Heck is Cricket Flour?". Farmers’ Almanac. 5 June 2017. Retrieved 24 April 2019.
  6. ^ "Crickets vs. Livestock – Hygiea-Health". Retrieved 25 April 2019.
  7. ^ "Edible Insects: Future prospects for food and security" (PDF).
  8. ^ a b "Edible Insects: Future prospects for food and security" (PDF).
  9. ^ "What the Heck is Cricket Flour?". Farmers’ Almanac. 5 June 2017. Retrieved 24 April 2019.
  10. ^ "Tracking Retail Cricket Powder Prices • Slices of Blue Sky". Slices of Blue Sky. 10 February 2018. Retrieved 25 April 2019.
  11. ^ Peters, Adele (21 August 2017). "This Giant Automated Cricket Farm Is Designed To Make Bugs A Mainstream Source Of Protein". Fast Company. Retrieved 25 April 2019.
  12. ^ "We Need More Cricket Farmers: The Price Of Our Growing Taste For Insects". The Chicagoist. Archived from the original on 6 November 2017. Retrieved 25 April 2019. Cite uses deprecated parameter |dead-url= (help)
  13. ^ "Cricket Flour Recipes | Cricket Flours". Retrieved 25 April 2019.
  14. ^ "What the Heck is Cricket Flour?". Farmers’ Almanac. 5 June 2017. Retrieved 24 April 2019.
  15. ^ "Are People Allergic to Eating Insects?".