Crime Investigation Department (Pakistan)
The Crime Investigation Department (Urdu: کرائم انویسٹی گیشن ڈپارٹمنٹ; CID) also known as the Criminal Investigation Department is a crime scene investigation, interrogation, antiterrorism, and an intelligence bureaus in the provincial police service of Pakistan. The each CID bureaus are usually commanded by the AIG rank police official each appointed by the Inspector-Generals of the police services.
In Karachi, the CID teams have garnered and gathered counterintelligence information to take actions against organized crimes, and infiltrated the terrorist cells to track down the TPP and al-Qaeda operatives, alongside the FIA and the IB.
Formation and organization
In 1902, the British government formed the CID bureaus in all over the British Raj. After the independence of Pakistan in 1947, the CID bureaus were equally distributed to Pakistan. In Punjab and Sindh, the CID bureaus were formed in 1947; during the successive years, the CID bureaus were established in Balochistan and Khyber-Pakhtunkhwa.
In Sindh, the CID bureau is led by the appointed AIG, and it has several other sub-bureaus established in all over the Karachi. Other CID bureaus are located in Larkana, Sukkar, Hyderabad, and Mirpur; all bureaus led by the superintendent police (SP). In Karachi, the CID bureaus worked on towards crime scene investigations, interrogations of suspects, antiterrorism, and an intelligence in the city.
In 2010, the TPP coordinated the bomb blast at the CID building, nearly destroyed the entire headquarter. Since 2010, the Karachi CID bureau has been engage in deadly police encounters, shoot outs, murder cases, and high speed chase involving the al-Qaeda and TTP terrorists. In 2015, CID teams gunned down the four al-Qaeda operatives after a high speed chase took place in Qayyumabad in Karachi.
Counter Terrorism Department, CTD Punjab
CID revamped in 2010 and its new name is Counter Terrorism Department. During implementation of National Action Plan, Army chief, Additional Inspector-General of Police (IGP) and Chief Minister of Punjab wanted to introduce a new productive force known as CTF. Based on the military model of training, the induction was concluded on an unprecedented level of recruitment. The incorporation of highly educated personnel from backgrounds ranging from Information Technology to Health sciences and rigorous training from Special Service Group of Pakistan Army has distinguished the Force from other sister Agencies. In turn, the Counter-Terrorism Force has delivered extra ordinary results since its initial stage. The work efficiency of the department is remarkable and up to the par of international standards. This department of police is considered as most disciplined, productive, efficient and zero percent corrupted. CTD has emerged as top Intelligence Agency at provincial level.
In the history of Police department of Pakistan, CTD is the only department to take Two Presidential Awards from President, Mamnoon Hussain in 2016 and again in 2017 due to the extraordinary level of gallantry manifested myriad times. Due to being the Top Provincial Agency and having Secret Service status, not much details and whereabouts of the department are known to the public.
The CID bureau in Khyber-Pakhtunkhwa usually worked with Frontier Corps and Special Police within the Khyber-Pakhtunkhwa Police. The CID Bureau is headed by the AIG with a separate headquarters in Peshawar. The CID Peshawar carries out raids on the hideouts of TPP militants. In 2013, the bureau was converted into Elite Force and Counter Terrorism Directorate (CTD), which now works with the special agents of the FIA.
In the past, CID used to play the lead role in operations against hardened criminals, smugglers and outlaws. In case of any extraordinary situation, the Frontier Constabulary used to be called to assist the police in maintaining law and order. As of now, the CID Peshawar now focuses on conducting criminal investigation and solving murder cases.
The CID bureau in Balochistan was established by the Balochistan Police in 2000 which was then to be headed by superintendent police (SP). As of current, the CID bureau is headed by the DIG rank officer.
- Moeed, Yusuf (2014). "§Counterterrorism Efforts of Law Enforcement Agencies in Pakistan". Counterterrorism in Pakistan. United States: Georgetown University Press. ISBN 1626160457.
- Gunaratna, Rohan; Iqbal, Khuram (2012). "§Terrorism and Karachi". Pakistan: Terrorism Ground Zero. London, [G.B]: Reaktion Books. ISBN 1780230095.
- Waldren, Michael J. (2007). Armed Police, The Police Use of Firearms since 1945. England: Sutton. p. 224. ISBN 0-7509-4637-7.
- Fazila, Vazira (2007). "§Moving Bounderies". Long Partition and the making of the Modern South Asia. New Delhi, India: Penguin Books India. p. 279. ISBN 0670082058.
- Sindh Police. "Crime Investigation Department (CID)". Department of Police, Sindh. Archived from the original on 9 January 2015. Retrieved 9 January 2015.
- staff writer (11 November 2010). "Karachi CID building hit by bomb and gun attack". BBC Pakistan Bureau, 2010. BBC Pakistan Bureau. Retrieved 9 January 2015.
- Samaa TV (9 January 2015). "Al-Qaeda Karachi chief among 4 militants killed". Samaa TV. Samaa TV. Retrieved 9 January 2015.
- Khan, Javed Aziz (24 October 2013). "Yet another force added to KP Police". work ad report completed by J.A. Khan, the News International correspondent. News International. News International. Retrieved 9 January 2015.
- CID Bureau, Khyber-Pakhtunkhwa. "CID Bureau, Khyber-Pakhtunkhwa". CID Bureau, Khyber-Pakhtunkhwa. Retrieved 9 January 2015.
- "CID Balochistan". CID Balochistan. Archived from the original on 9 January 2015. Retrieved 9 January 2015.CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown (link)