Crime in Chile

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Crime in Chile is investigated by the Chilean police. However, unlike the majority of Latin America, criminal activity in Chile is low, making Chile one of the most stable and safest nations in the region. During the 19th and early 20th century banditry was widespread in Araucanía and Central Chile.

Crime by type[edit]

Murder[edit]

In 2012, Chile had a murder rate of 3.1 per 100,000 population.[1] There were a total of 550 murders in Chile in 2012.[1]

Corruption[edit]

As of 2006, there were isolated reports of government corruption in Chile. Transparency International's annual corruption index recorded that the Chilean public perceived the country as relatively free of corruption.[2]

Domestic violence[edit]

Violence against women was prevalent across all classes of Chilean society by 1994.[3] As of the early 1990s, it was reported that domestic violence affects about fifty percent of the women in Chile.[3] The Intrafamily Violence Law passed in 1994 was the first political measure to address violence in the home, but because the law would not pass without being accepted by both sides, the law was weak in the way it addressed victim protection and punishment for abusers.[4] The law was later reformed in 2005.[5] In 2019, amid the ongoing Catholic sex abuse crisis in Chile, non-retroactive legislation was passed removing the statute of limitations for trying people for committing sex abuse against children in Chile.[6][7]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Global Study on Homicide. United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime, 2013.
  2. ^ Report on Human Rights Practices 2006: Chile. United States Bureau of Democracy, Human Rights, and Labor (March 6, 2007). This article incorporates text from this source, which is in the public domain.
  3. ^ a b Culliton, K. M. (1994, January). Legal remedies for domestic violence in Chile & the US--Cultural relativism, myths & realities. Case Western Reserve Journal of International Law .
  4. ^ Haas, Liesl (2010). Feminist Policymaking in Chile. University Park, Pennsylvania: The Pennsylvania State University Press.
  5. ^ "Observatorio de Igualdad de Género" (PDF).
  6. ^ https://www.reuters.com/article/us-chile-abuse/chile-removes-statute-of-limitations-on-child-sex-abuse-amid-church-crisis-idUSKCN1U62NO
  7. ^ https://www.ncronline.org/news/accountability/speaker-abuse-survivors-cant-wait-bishops-learn-crisis