Crime in Connecticut

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This article refers to crime in the U.S. state of Connecticut.

Statistics[edit]

In 2010, 78,386 property crimes and 10,057 violent crimes, including 130 murders and 583 rapes, were reported in Connecticut.[1] Five years later, there were 8,123 violent crimes, nearly 2,000 fewer. The violent crime rate was 227 per 100,000 residents in Connecticut, compared with a U.S. rate of 397 per 100,000 nationwide.[2] Most recently (in 2016), the state of Connecticut released a detailed uniform crime report regarding all crime within the state. According to this report there were 8,148 violent crimes committed that year. Of these 8,148 violent crimes, there were 77 homicides, 777 rapes, 2,709 robberies, and 5,585 aggravated assaults.[3]

Capital punishment laws[edit]

Between 1616 and 2005, 126 people were sentenced to death and executed in the state of Connecticut.[4] In April 2012, Connecticut became the 17th state in the nation to abolish the death penalty, an order signed by Governor Dannel Molloy. Inmates formerly sentenced to death had their sentences altered to imprisonment for life without parole. Connecticut was the fifth state to abolish the death penalty between 2007 and 2012.[5]

Most Dangerous Places to Live in Connecticut[edit]

According to the uniform crime report the cities with the most violent crimes are Bridgeport with 1,338 (2014) then New Haven with 1,380 (2014) and finally Hartford with 1,380 (2014). These cities also represent the most murders, Bridgeport with 11, Hartford with 19, and New Haven with 12. In the city of Bridgeport in 2014 they had 92 rape incidents which was significantly higher than all of the other cities and towns in Connecticut. New Haven has the second highest amount of rape incidents with 80 reported in 2014. The third highest is Hartford with 45 cases. The highest robbery crime rates are again in Bridgeport, New Haven, and Hartford. Bridgeport had 546, Hartford 502, and New Haven 591. This shows that the crime most commonly occurs in these cities and towns. Although there are crimes in the others, the numbers are not nearly as high as these. The crime rates are much higher in these cities due to their population, poverty and lack of money and structure.[6]

Safest Places to Live in Connecticut[edit]

In the state of Connecticut, the safest places to live are Sherman, New Fairfield, Weston, Easton, Madison, Heartland, Burlington, East Granby, Cornwall, and Roxbury. Sherman is a small town with the population of only 3,668 people with roughly around 67 crimes committed overall. In New Fairfield, the total number of crimes is only 37. The towns of Weston and Easton both have a total of 24 crimes. Madison has a total of 58 crimes, and Burlington has 32. These towns are found to be smaller than other towns in Connecticut, less populated, and more rural. These factors make the crimes rates lower than those in other towns. [7]

Famous Murders in Connecticut[edit]

On July 23, 2007, in a home in Cheshire Connecticut, there was a home invasion where three people were murdered. Jennifer Hawke-Petit and her two daughters were raped and murdered, and her husband, Dr. William Petit, was injured. This is the most widely-known crime to happen in Connecticut. The two men that were involved in this invasion and murder were Steven Hayes and Joshua Komisarjevsky. Both of them were sentenced to the death penalty, in 2010 Steven was sentenced to death and Joshua was in January 2012. Although in August 2015 the death penalty was abolished.[8]

Another tragic incident happened in Newtown, Connecticut, where there was a shooting at Sandy Hook Elementary School on December 14, 2012 at approximately 9:30 a.m. The man responsible for this was 20-year-old Adam Lanza. Adam shot 20 6-to-7 year old children that day. He also murdered 6 adults that worked at the school. Prior to going to the school, Lanza murdered his mother, and later that day he took his own life before he was able to get arrested. The Sandy Hook shooting was one of the most tragic mass shootings to this day, and the 7th worst school shooting.

Crime Rates Dropping[edit]

The violent crimes in Connecticut have dropped by nearly 10% for the second year in a row, the Uniform Crime Report showed. In 2014 Connecticut reported 236.9 violent crimes per 100,000 people. Crime in 2014 was at its lowest rate since 1974. In the year of 2014 Connecticut actually had the fourth highest crime rate dropping nationally. This crime decrease was about 6.7%. The eight major crimes that do get reported to the FBI are murder, rape, robbery, aggravated assault, burglary, larceny, automobile theft and arson. Overall in all of these types of violent crimes the numbers are decreasing which is positive for the state of Connecticut. [9]

Connecticut Juvenile System[edit]

The system used in CT is a state level system which includes juvenile courts, detention centers, private facilities and juvenile correctional facilities. After juveniles are released the minors get help from the Court Support Services Division of the Connecticut Judicial Branch and by the Department of Children and Family services. Criminal statues to juveniles and adults are the same although in the state of Connecticut if you are under the age of 18 you will be sent to a juvenile detention center and at the age of 18 you can be transferred over to Adult Court. State assistance for juvenile offenders has a number of objectives; lower the rate of repeat offending in the community, provide offender rehabilitation and have offenders understand the consequences of their actions. Police officer that arrest these juveniles most commonly will warn them and release them, talk to the parents and then let them go, offer them organizations to go to, or they can make an arrest. Children that should not be let back into the community have to go to a hearing in court in front of a judge at a Superior court and this is when they can get sent to a Detention center. [10]

Connecticut Marijuana Laws[edit]

In Connecticut marijuana is decriminalized for small amounts. This meaning that instead of getting arrested and going to prison you would get something more similar to a ticket. Anyone that gets caught with marijuana that is under 21 will have their license suspended for 60 days. If found with less than ½ oz. (first offense) it is a $150 fine. Less than ½ oz. repeat offense would be $500. With ½ - 4 oz. the first offence would be 1 year incarcerated and a $1,000 fine, if this is repeated you get 5 years and a $3,000 fine. More than 4 oz. of marijuana is 5 years incarcerated and $2,000 fine, and if this offense is repeated it is a 10-year sentence and $5,000 fine.

If you have a medical marijuana card in the state of Connecticut you would have to have cancer, Crohn’s disease, or HIV/AIDS. Prior to these medical patients being able to obtain medical marijuana, they must register with the state. With regard to the people that grow the plant they have to be in buildings that meet the exacting standards of pharmaceutical factories.[11]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Uniform Crime Reporting Data Tool FBI. Retrieved August 10, 2012
  2. ^ "Connecticut crime report: Murders down a lot, violent crime up a bit". The CT Mirror. The Mirror. Retrieved 30 September 2017. 
  3. ^ "Uniform Crime Reports: Publications & Queriable Statistics". CT.gov State of Connecticut. 
  4. ^ "List of people executed in Connecticut". Wikipedia. 2017-10-20. 
  5. ^ Michael Kirk, "The History of the Death Penalty in Connecticut," www.today.uconn.edu, Oct. 24, 2011
  6. ^ "Crime in the United States". ucr.fbi.gov. 
  7. ^ "Connecticut Crime". neighborhoodscout.com. 
  8. ^ "Cheshire, Connecticut, home invasion murders". 
  9. ^ "Crime continues to drop in Connecticut, FBI reports". 
  10. ^ "Office of Policy and Management". ct.gov. 
  11. ^ "Connecticut Marijuana Laws". statelaws.findlaw.com.