Crime in Maryland

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This article refers to crime in the U.S. state of Maryland.

Crime rates* (2015)
Violent crimes
Homicide 8.6
Forcible rape 27.7/19.7**
Robbery 164.2
Aggravated assault 256.7
Total violent crime 457.2
Property crimes
Burglary 427.5
Larceny-theft 1668.5
Motor vehicle theft 218.9
Arson not reported
Total property crime 2315

*Number of reported crimes per 100,000 population.

** Legacy definition[1]

Source: FBI 2015 UCR data

State statistics[edit]

In 2015 there were 166,510 crimes reported in Maryland, including 493 murders.[2]

By location[edit]


Baltimore reported 223 homicides in 2010. The number of all violent crimes for the city has declined from 21,799 in 1993 to 9,316 in 2010. Even with stark population decline taken into account—Baltimore went from 732,968 residents in 1993 to 620,961 in 2010—the drop in violent crime was significant, falling from 3.0 incidents per 100 residents to 1.6 incidents per 100 residents.[3]

Baltimore's level of violent crime remains higher than the national average. In 2009, a total of 1,318,398 violent crimes were reported nationwide across the United States, equivalent to a rate of 0.4 incidents per 100 people.[4]

In 2011, Baltimore police reported 196 homicides, the lowest number of slayings in the city since a count of 197 homicides in 1978 and far lower than the peak homicide count of 353 slayings in 1993. The drop is significant, but the homicide rate is nevertheless in the same range the city saw in the mid 1980s, when the city had another 130,000 residents. City leaders credit a sustained focus on repeat violent offenders and increased community engagement for the continued drop, reflecting a nationwide decline in crime.[citation needed]

The city recorded a total of 344 homicides in 2015, a number second only to the number recorded in 1993 when the population was 100,000 higher. This was the highest murder rate on a per capita basis ever recorded.[5][6]


In 2008, Maryland had 142 state and local law enforcement agencies.[7] Those agencies employed a total of 21,267 staff.[8] Of the total staff, 16,013 were sworn officers (defined as those with general arrest powers).[9]

Police ratio[edit]

In 2008, Maryland had 283 police officers per 100,000 residents.[10]

Capital punishment laws[edit]

Maryland's former governor, Martin O'Malley, signed a bill on May 2, 2013 to repeal the death penalty.[11]