Crime in Melbourne
|Crime rates* (2013/14)|
|Motor vehicle theft||258.1|
|Total property crime||801.9|
*Number of reported crimes per 100,000 population.
Source: [ Crime Statistics Publication 2013/14]
Criminal activity in Melbourne, Victoria, Australia is combated by the Victoria Police and the Victorian court system, while statistics about crime are managed by the Crime Statistics Agency. One of the factors that has led to Melbourne being named the world's most liveable city by The Economist for seven years in a row so far (up to 2017) has been its low crime rate.
Statistics released by the Crime Statistics Agency in June 2018 showed a 9% reduction in the overall number of criminal incidents from the previous year.
Residential burglaries were at their lowest rate in more than a decade. The greatest reductions had occurred in Melbourne's outer suburban areas of Wyndham, Whittlesea and Casey.
The recorded homicide rate of Melbourne is 3.1 per 100,000, as of 2014.
According to a 2016 report by the Victorian Crime Statistics Agency, while the number of young offenders has decreased over the last decade, the number of recorded offences has increased. 35% (2,773) of offenders were recorded for only a warning or caution whilst only 32% (2,578) of offenders received one arrest or more. Crimes regarding property, deception, and justice procedure offences resulted in higher proportions of arrests with 58% of violators being arrested. On the other hand, drug offenders were more likely to be let off with a warning or caution (45%). 16% of public order and security offenders received a penalty notice. 
Recorded incidents of domestic violence in Victoria rose from 43,856 in 2011 to 74,385 in 2015. This increase may be due to government campaigns against domestic violence making victims more willing to report incidents, an actual increase in incidents, or a mix of the two. In terms of recidivism, males are far more likely to re-perpetrate domestic or intimate partner violence compared to females. Younger people are also more likely to be recidivists compared to older offenders. There is no strong evidence suggesting a link between race or ethnicity and the likelihood to perpetrate domestic violence. 
- Gangland Killings, murders of 36 criminal figures or partners in Melbourne between 16 January 1998 and 13 August 2010.
- Russell Street bombing, four men planted a car bomb outside Police Headquarters in Russell Street, Melbourne in 1996, killing a 22-year-old policewoman and injuring 22 others.
- Monash University shooting, in which Huan Yun Xiang shot his classmates and teacher in 2002; killing two and injuring five. He was acquitted of his crimes due to mental impairment.
- "Crime Statistics 2013/14 Publication", Victoria Police, p. 12, 2014, archived from the original on 18 January 2018, retrieved 18 January 2018
- "World's most liveable city 2014 is..." Cnn.com. Retrieved 2017-01-28.
- Sutherland, Paul; Millsteed, Melanie (2016), "What outcomes do police record for young alleged offenders in Victoria?" (PDF), Crime Statistics Agency, p. 2, archived from the original (PDF) on January 18, 2018, retrieved January 18, 2018
- Millsteed, Melanie; Coghlan, Sarah (2016), "Predictors of recidivism amongst police recorded family violence perpetrators" (PDF), Crime Statistics Agency, archived from the original (PDF) on 18 January 2018, retrieved 18 January 2018