Crime in Texas

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This article refers to crime in the American state of Texas.

State statistics[edit]

Number of crimes (by year)
Year Population Total
crimes
Violent
crimes
Property
crimes
Violent crimes Property crimes
Murder Forcible
rape
Robbery Aggravated
assault
Burglary Larceny Vehicle
theft
1960 9,579,677 212,407 15,428 196,979 824 892 3,031 10,681 57,589 123,415 15,975
1970 11,196,000 467,248 40,897 426,351 1,299 2,329 15,280 21,989 129,866 251,091 45,394
1980 14,169,829 870,458 77,978 792,480 2,392 6,700 29,547 39,339 262,600 450,792 79,088
1990 16,986,510 1,329,494 129,343 1,200,151 2,389 8,750 44,297 73,907 314,512 731,224 154,415
2000 20,851,820 1,033,311 113,653 919,658 1,238 7,856 30,257 74,302 188,975 637,522 93,161
2010 25,253,466 1,064,477 113,231 951,246 1,249 7,622 32,843 71,517 228,597 654,626 68,023
Source: http://www.disastercenter.com/crime/txcrime.htm

In 2014 there were 923,348 crimes reported in Texas, including 1,184 murders and 8,236 rapes.[1]

Crime rates: number of crimes per 100,000 persons (by year)
Year Population Total
crime
rate
Violent
crime
rate
Property
crime
rate
Violent crime rates Property crime rates
Murder Forcible
rape
Robbery Aggravated
assault
Burglary Larceny Vehicle
theft
1960 9,579,677 2,217.3 161.0 2,056.2 8.6 9.3 31.6 111.5 601.2 1,288.3 166.8
1970 11,196,000 4,173.3 365.3 3,808.1 11.6 20.8 136.5 196.4 1,159.9 2,242.7 405.4
1980 14,169,829 6,143.0 550.3 5,592.7 16.9 47.3 208.5 277.6 1,853.2 3,181.4 558.1
1990 16,986,510 7,826.8 761.4 7,065.3 14.1 51.5 260.8 435.1 1,851.5 4,304.7 909.0
2000 20,851,820 4,955.5 545.1 4,410.4 5.9 37.7 145.1 356.3 906.3 3,057.4 446.8
2010 25,253,466 4,215.2 448.4 3,766.8 4.9 30.2 130.1 283.2 905.2 2,592.2 269.4
Source: http://www.disastercenter.com/crime/txcrime.htm

Policing[edit]

In 2008, Texas had 1,913 state and local law enforcement agencies.[2] Those agencies employed a total of 96,116 staff.[2] Of the total staff, 59,219 were sworn officers (defined as those with general arrest powers).[2]

Police ratio[edit]

In 2008, Texas had 244 police officers per 100,000 residents.[2]

Capital punishment laws[edit]

Further information: Capital punishment in Texas

Capital punishment is applied under Texas state law for capital murder if the perpetrator is 18 years and older and the prosecutor seeks the death penalty.[3]

The federal death penalty may also be used in certain circumstances.

Incarceration[edit]

In 1974 the Texas Department of Corrections (TDC), since merged into the Texas Department of Criminal Justice (TDCJ), had about 17,000 prisoners; 44% were black, 39% were non-Hispanic white, 16% were Hispanic and Latino, and 1% were of other races. 96% were male and 4% were female. At the time all 14 prison units of the TDC were in Southeast Texas.[4]

In 1974 the Federal Bureau of Prisons (BOP) operated four federal prisons in Texas: FCI Texarkana, FCI Seagoville, FPC Bryan (for women), and FCI La Tuna. These prisons had a combined population of about 2,300.[4]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Texas Crime Rates 1960 - 2014". disastercenter.com. 
  2. ^ a b c d U.S. Department of Justice, Census of State and Local Law Enforcement Agencies, 2008, p.15
  3. ^ "Death Row Facts." Texas Department of Criminal Justice. Retrieved on June 9, 2016.
  4. ^ a b "Behind Bars in Texas: Not All Prisons, Are the Same." Texas Monthly. Emmis Communications, March 1974. Volume 2, No. 3. ISSN 0148-7736. START: p. 42. CITED: p. 42.

Further reading[edit]