Crime in the Philippines
Crime is present in various forms in the Philippines, and remains a serious issue throughout the country. Illegal drug trade, human trafficking, murder, corruption and domestic violence remain significant concerns. The Philippines has a high rate of murder cases, which is the highest in Southeast Asia as of 2014. Most major cities are plagued with high prevalence of crimes.
Crime by type
In 2014, the Philippines had a murder rate of 9.84 per 100,000 people, with a number of 9,784 recorded cases. The country also has the highest rate of murder cases in Southeast Asia in 2013, with a rate of 8.8, followed by Thailand. The murder rate in the Philippines reached its peak in 2002 and 2010, with rates of 8.1 (6,553 cases) and 9.5 (8,894 cases). 
Organized crime in the Philippines can be linked to certain families or barkadas (groups) who perpetrate crimes ranging from extortion, sale of illegal narcotics and loan sharking to robbery, kidnapping, and murder-for-hire.[better source needed]
Illegal drug trade
Illegal drug trade is a major concern. Meth ("shabu") and marijuana ("weeds" or "damo"), are the most common drugs accounting most drug-related arrests. Most of the illegal drug trade involved members of large Chinese triad groups operating in the Philippines, owing to its location on drug smuggling routes.
Petty crime, which includes pick-pocketing, is a problem in the Philippines. It takes place usually in locations with many people, ranging from shopping hubs to churches. Traveling alone to withdraw cash after dark is a risk, especially for foreigners.[better source needed]
Human trafficking and the prostitution of children is a significant issue in the Philippines, often controlled by organized crime syndicates. Human trafficking in the country is a crime against humanity.
In an effort to deal with the problem, the Philippines passed Republic Act (R.A.) 9208, the Anti-Trafficking in Persons Act of 2003, a penal law against human trafficking, sex tourism, sex slavery and child prostitution. Nevertheless, enforcement is reported to be inconsistent.[needs update]
Prostitution in the Philippines is illegal. It is a serious crime with penalties ranging up to life imprisonment for those involved in trafficking. It is covered by the Anti-Trafficking in Persons Act. prostitution is still sometimes illegally available through brothels (also known as casa), bars, karaoke bars, massage parlors, street walkers and escort services. As of 2009[update], one source estimates that there are 800,000 women working as prostitutes in the Philippines, with some of them believed to be underage. While victims are largely female, and according to the current Revised Penal Code, there are in fact a small minority of them who are male.
Corruption and police misconduct
Corruption is a major problem in the Philippines. In 2013, during the country's elections, some 504 political candidates were accused mostly of corruption and some of violent crimes.[additional citation(s) needed]
Cities with the highest crime volume
The table below shows the three cities with the highest crime volume as of 2018.
|Rank||City||Region||Population||Total no. of crimes (2018)|
|1||Quezon City||National Capital Region||2,936,116||41,152|
|2||City of Manila||National Capital Region||1,780,148||21,386|
|3||Cebu City||Central Visayas||922,611||12,130|
Cities with the least crime incidents
Cities with the least crime incident as of 2018.
|Rank||City||Region||Population||Total no. of crimes (2018)|
|1||Ormoc City||Eastern Visayas||215,031||134|
|3||Puerto Princesa City||MIMAROPA||255,116||227|
Cities with the highest crime solution efficiency
Cities with the highest crime solution efficiency as of 2018.
|Rank||City||Crime solution efficiency|
|1||Las Piñas City||95.68|
- Global Homicide Book 2014 (PDF). United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime. Retrieved April 12, 2018.
- UNODC 2014, p. 24. sfn error: no target: CITEREFUNODC2014 (help)
- UNODC 2014, p. 128. sfn error: no target: CITEREFUNODC2014 (help)
- Kowalzki, Eugene (July 12, 2010). "Filipino Gangs in the Philippines". Zimbio. Archived from the original on July 14, 2010.
- "Crime in the Philippines". World Nomads. June 9, 2010. Retrieved June 12, 2013.
- "'Chairman' reveals seedy world of trafficking". BBC News. April 1, 2007. Retrieved November 25, 2007.
- "What is Human Trafficking?". Retrieved March 15, 2015.
- Child Trafficking
- "Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court (Articles 1 to 33)- Prevent Genocide International". Retrieved March 15, 2015.
- Hansen, Scott. "Japan's Fight against Modern-Day Slavery (Part I)". Archived from the original on March 8, 2013. Retrieved June 11, 2013.
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- RONALD ECHALAS DIAZ, Office Manager. "REPUBLIC ACT NO. 9208 – AN ACT TO INSTITUTE POLICIES TO ELIMINATE TRAFFICKING IN PERSONS ESPECIALLY WOMEN AND CHILDREN, ESTABLISHING THE NECESSARY INSTITUTIONAL MECHANISMS FOR THE PROTECTION AND SUPPORT OF TRAFFICKED PERSONS, PROVIDING PENALTIES FOR ITS VIOLATIONS, AND FOR OTHER". Retrieved March 15, 2015.
- "Revealed: In Cities and Towns All Over the Philippines, Irishmen Pay to Have Sex with Children". The Sunday Tribune. Tribune Newspapers PLC. September 24, 2006. Archived from the original on May 21, 2007.
- "Number of prostitutes in the Philippines". Havoscope. Retrieved June 12, 2013.
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- Tupas, Emmanuel (February 26, 2019). "PNP: Total crime volume down in 2018". Retrieved September 20, 2019.
- Macapagal, Maan (May 26, 2018). "PNP: Quezon City has highest crime volume, least number of cases solved". Retrieved September 20, 2019.