Crime of the Century (album)
|Crime of the Century|
|Studio album by|
|Released||13 September 1974|
|Studio||Ramport Studios (South London), Scorpio Sound Studios (London), and Trident Studios (London)|
|Producer||Ken Scott, Supertramp|
Crime of the Century is the third studio album by the English rock band Supertramp, released in September 1974 on A&M Records. Crime of the Century was Supertramp's commercial breakthrough in both the US and UK, aided by the UK hit "Dreamer" and the US hit "Bloody Well Right". It was a UK Top 10 album and a US Top 40 album, eventually being certified Gold in the US in 1977 after the release of Even in the Quietest Moments.... The album was Supertramp's first to feature drummer Bob Siebenberg (at the time credited as Bob C. Benberg), woodwinds player John Anthony Helliwell, bassist Dougie Thomson, and co-producer Ken Scott. The album has received critical acclaim, including its inclusion in Rolling Stone's "50 Greatest Prog Rock Albums of All Time".
The album's dedication reads "To Sam", which is a nickname for Stanley August Miesegaes, the Dutch millionaire who supported the band financially from 1969–72.
Background and recording
Supertramp brought progressive rock's sophisticated arrangements and conceptual lyrics into a pop context.
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After the failure of their first two albums and an unsuccessful tour, Supertramp broke up; Rick Davies and Roger Hodgson recruited new members, drummer Bob C. Benberg, woodwinds player John Helliwell, and bassist Dougie Thomson. The record label A&M, in particular A&R man Dave Margereson (who would become their manager for the next ten years), sent this new line-up to a seventeenth-century farm in west Dorset in order to rehearse together and prepare the album.
The album was recorded at several studios, including Ramport Studios (owned by The Who) and Trident Studios, with co-producer Ken Scott. While recording the album, Davies and Hodgson recorded approximately 42 demo songs, from which only 8 were chosen to appear on the album. Several other tracks appeared on later albums (Crisis? What Crisis?, ...Famous Last Words...).
Due to a contractual agreement, all the songs are credited jointly to the two writers, but some of the songs were in fact written by one or the other individually. Scott commented that Davies and Hodgson "were very, very different personalities. Those differing personalities made the music sound the way it did."
"Asylum" was written by Rick Davies, "Hide in Your Shell" by Roger Hodgson, and both "School" and "Crime of the Century" are actual Davies/Hodgson collaborations.
Hodgson remarked of "Hide in Your Shell": "I was 23 when I wrote that song, confused about life and like a lot of people are at that age, trying to hide my insecurities. I’ve always been able to express my innermost feelings more openly in song and "Hide in Your Shell" came to me at a time when I was feeling very lonely – lonely both in life and within the band – with no one who shared my spiritual quest."
"Dreamer" was composed by Roger Hodgson on his Wurlitzer piano at his mother's house when he was 19 years old. At that time he recorded a demo of the song using vocals, Wurlitzer, and banging cardboard boxes for percussion. Hodgson recalled: "I was excited – it was the first time I laid hands on a Wurlitzer." Supertramp cut their own recording of the song in imitation of this early demo. Also, Hodgson stated on In the Studio with Redbeard while talking about the making of the album that the band had difficulty recreating the song when recording it.
Another of Hodgson’s philosophical musings, "If Everyone Was Listening", was inspired by the As You Like It adage "All the world’s a stage, and all the men are merely players". According to Entertainment Weekly, the message of the song is, "Not knowing what’s going on in everyone’s mind is just another form of not being in control. The fear comes not from the absence of knowledge of another person’s thought process, but rather from confronting the fact that we have no control over anything." The song would later provide the title track for Michael Ball's 2014 album of the same name.
The album was named after the final song, "Crime of the Century", which the band members felt was the strongest song on the album. Shortly after his departure from Supertramp, Hodgson commented: "I've had more people come up to me and say that that song touched them more deeply than any other. That song really came together when we were living together at Southcombe Farm, Thorncombe, and just eating, sleeping, and breathing the ideas for the album. The song just bounced between Rick and I for so many weeks before it finally took form." For unknown reasons, in several interviews both before and since, Hodgson has attributed the song as being written solely by Davies.
Hodgson describes "School" as "my song basically" but admits that Davies wrote both the piano solo and a good deal of the lyrics.
On the In the Studio with Redbeard episode devoted to Crime of the Century, Roger Hodgson stated that "Rudy" was the character on the album and was seen as somewhat autobiographical of Rick Davies' life at the time.
Hodgson and Davies both stated that communication within the group was at a peak during the recording of this album, while drummer Siebenberg stated that he thought it was this album on which the band hit its "artistic peak".
Crime of the Century deals loosely with themes of loneliness and mental stability, but is not a concept album. Davies consciously linked the opening track "School" to "Bloody Well Right" with the line "So you think your schooling is phoney", and according to Hodgson, any unifying thread beyond that was left to the listener's imagination.
Photographer Paul Wakefield did his first album work by photographing the cover of Crime of the Century. A&M Records art director Fabio Nicoli invited Wakefield to the studio where Supertramp were recording and had him read the lyrics. With the album title already chosen, Wakefield started asking himself "what an appropriate sentence could be for 'the crime of the century'" and combined it with a line of "Asylum", “when they haunt me and taunt me in my cage”. One of his ideas, a prison cell window floating in space with a person silently screaming through the bars, was approved by the band, and when Wakefield started working a bit more on it, he reduced the prisoner to just his hands clutching the bars, "a resignation to fate that the other didn’t have. It felt like there would be no reprieve." A friend made the set of polished aluminum bars and welded it to a stand, and underneath it Wakefield's twin brother grabbed the bars, with his hands whitened with stage make-up. Through multiple exposure, Wakefield shot 12 pictures on transparency film, which he then combined with a backlit starscape, that was actually a black card sheet filled with holes in a darkened studio. Half of the resulting pictures had the expected result. The back cover photograph, featuring Supertramp in their underwear holding dress suits and top hats, was originally made when the LP was meant to be a gatefold.
Crime of the Century was Supertramp's first U.S. Top 40 album and was eventually certified Gold in the U.S. in 1977, after the release of Even in the Quietest Moments.... The album also marked the commercial breakthrough for the band in the United Kingdom; Crime of the Century peaked at number four in the album chart in March 1975, and "Dreamer" reached number thirteen on the singles chart in the same month. The album was particularly successful in Canada, entering the chart for over two years and selling over one million copies.
In 1978, Crime of the Century was ranked 108th in The World Critic Lists, which recognised the 200 greatest albums of all time as voted for by notable rock critics and DJs. In a 1981 review, Robert Christgau was ambivalent towards the album's "straight-ahead art-rock", which he called "Queen without preening. Yes without pianistics and meter shifts." Adam Thomas's retrospective review in Sputnikmusic described it as one of the better albums of the 1970s for its powerful expression of young adult confusion and alienation, and for its consistent contrast between prog and pop elements.
In the 1987 edition of The World Critic Lists, CBC's Geoff Edwards ranked Crime of the Century the 10th greatest album of all time. A 1998 public poll, aggregating the votes of more than 200,000 music fans, saw Crime of the Century voted among the all-time top 1000 albums, and it was listed in the 2005 book 1001 Albums You Must Hear Before You Die. In 2015, it was chosen as the 27th greatest progressive rock album by Rolling Stone. Paul Elliott of Classic Rock magazine called it a progressive rock masterpiece.
Many of the songs on the album remained staples of the band's shows well into the 21st century ("School", "Bloody Well Right", "Rudy", and the title song). Almost all of the album appears on the band's 1980 live album Paris although the tracks that feature orchestrations on the studio versions ("Asylum", "Rudy", and "Crime of the Century") were replaced by string synthesisers or Oberheim synthesisers, which were played mainly by John Helliwell with some help from Roger Hodgson. Roger Hodgson has also included songs from the album (“Dreamer”, “Hide in Your Shell”, “School” and “If Everyone Was Listening”) in his concerts.
The first release was on vinyl by A&M Records in 1974. In 1977, it became the first pop music LP title re-issued by the audiophile label Mobile Fidelity Sound Lab. A&M released it as one of the first CDs in its "Audio Master Plus" series in 1984, which it then reissued in 1990. Mobile Fidelity also released its own remastered CD version on a gold disc as part of its "Ultradisc" series, in November 1984.
A new remastered CD version of the album was released by A&M in 1997, followed by a different remaster on 11 June 2002. The newer A&M remasters feature all of the album art restored plus credits and full lyrics which were missing from some earlier editions. Both 1997 and 2002 A&M remasters were from the original tapes by Greg Calbi and Jay Messina at Sterling Sound in New York.
Both remasters are heavily criticised by audiophiles who claim they were mastered "too loud" as part of the "loudness war" mastering trend. The 1997 remaster has all tracks peaking at 100 percent, significantly altering the original dynamic range of the recording and effectively adding new distortion to the sound. The 2002 edition is not quite as loud but still has much of the same effect.
It was announced in October 2014 that the album, remastered by Ray Staff, would be reissued in CD, digital download, and 180g vinyl formats on 9 December 2014. In addition to the original album, the release would include a complete recording of a 1975 Hammersmith Odeon concert, a 24-page booklet of photographs, and an essay written by Phil Alexander with new interviews with Ken Scott, Dave Margereson, and most of the band members. Two 10x8 prints and a longer version of the essay were announced as exclusives of the vinyl version.
|1.||"School"||Hodgson, Davies||Hodgson and Davies||5:35|
|2.||"Bloody Well Right"||Davies||Davies||4:32|
|3.||"Hide in Your Shell"||Hodgson||Hodgson||6:49|
|4.||"Asylum"||Davies||Davies and Hodgson||6:45|
|5.||"Dreamer"||Hodgson||Hodgson and Davies||3:31|
|6.||"Rudy"||Davies||Davies and Hodgson||7:17|
|7.||"If Everyone Was Listening"||Hodgson||Hodgson||4:04|
|8.||"Crime of the Century"||Davies||Davies||5:36|
|2014 Deluxe Edition Disc 2: Live at Hammersmith March 9th 1975|
|2.||"Bloody Well Right"||6:46|
|3.||"Hide in Your Shell"||6:47|
|6.||"Just a Normal Day"||3:59|
|7.||"Another Man's Woman"||7:42|
|9.||"A - You're Adorable"||2:57|
|12.||"If Everyone Was Listening"||4:33|
|13.||"Crime of the Century"||6:01|
- Rick Davies – lead & backing vocals, acoustic piano (tracks 1-3, 4, 6, 8), Wurlitzer electric piano (tracks 1, 2, 5), Hammond organ (tracks 1, 3, 5, 6, 8), harmonica (tracks 1, 3, 8), Moog synthesizer (tracks 1, 3, 6), string synthesizer (track 3)
- Roger Hodgson – lead & backing vocals, electric guitars (tracks 1, 2, 4, 6, 8), 12-string acoustic guitar (tracks 1, 3), acoustic guitar (tracks 2, 8), acoustic piano (track 7), Wurlitzer electric piano (track 5), Fender Rhodes electric piano (track 3)
- John Anthony Helliwell – saxophones (tracks 1–4, 6, 8), clarinet (tracks 1, 6, 7), backing vocals (tracks 3, 5, 7), glass harp and celesta (track 5)
- Dougie Thomson – bass guitar
- Bob C. Benberg – drums, percussion
Additional musicians (all uncredited)
- Christine Helliwell – backup vocals on "Hide in Your Shell"
- Scott Gorham – backup vocals on "Hide in Your Shell"
- Vicky Siebenberg – backup vocals on "Hide in Your Shell"
- (Anonymous street musician) – saw on "Hide in Your Shell"
- Ken Scott – water gong on "Crime of the Century"
- Ken Scott – producer, engineer
- Supertramp – producer
- John Jansen – engineer
- Ray Staff – original vinyl mastering
- Richard Hewson – string arrangements (Tracks 3, 4, 6, 7, 8)
- Paul Wakefield – cover design and photography
- Fabio Nicoli – art direction
Certifications and sales
|Canada (Music Canada)||Diamond||1,000,000^|
|Switzerland (IFPI Switzerland)||Gold||25,000^|
|United Kingdom (BPI)||Gold||100,000^|
|United States (RIAA)||Gold||500,000^|
*sales figures based on certification alone
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- Crime of the Century (Adobe Flash) at Radio3Net (streamed copy where licensed)
- Crime Of The Century (Reissue Remastered) (Adobe Flash) at Myspace (streamed copy where licensed)
- Crime of the century the rock opera
- 'School' Official Lyrics
- 'Hide in Your Shell' Official Lyrics
- 'Dreamer' Official Lyrics
- 'If Everyone Was Listening' Official Lyrics