Crimea Medal

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This article is about the campaign medal given by the United Kingdom. For the campaign medal given by the Ottoman Empire, see Turkish Crimea Medal.
Crimea Medal
Crimea War Medal obv.pngCrimea War Medal rev.png
Crimea Medal BAR.svg
Obverse (top left) and reverse (top right) of the medal. Ribbon: 32mm, pale blue with yellow edges.
Awarded by  United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland
Type Campaign medal
Eligibility British forces.
Awarded for Campaign service.
Campaign Crimean War.
Description Silver disk, 36mm diameter.
Clasps
Statistics
Established 15 December 1854
Related Turkish Crimea Medal
Baltic Medal

The Crimea Medal was a campaign medal approved in 1854, for issue to officers and men of British units (land and naval) which fought in the Crimean War of 1854–56 against Russia. The medal was awarded with the British version of the Turkish Crimean War medal, but when a consignment of these were lost at sea, some troops were issued with the Sardinian version instead.[1] The Crimea medal was also presented to certain members of allied French forces.[2]

Design[edit]

Crimean war medal awarded to Major De Salis of the 8th Hussars

The medal consists of a 32mm, pale blue ribbon with yellow edges and a 36mm silver disk. It is notable for its unusually ornate clasps. Each clasp is in the form of an oak leaf with an acorn at each end, a style not used on any other British medal. The ornate, floriated, swivelling suspender is also unique to the Crimea Medal.[1]

Five bars were authorised for the medal: Alma, Inkerman, Azoff, Balaklava and Sebastopol. Because Azoff was only issued to Naval and Marine personnel, the maximum awarded to one man was four.[2] A five bar specimen is held in the Royal Collection.[3] The medal was issued without a clasp to those who were active in Crimea, but not present at any of the qualifying actions.

The medals issued to members of allied French forces were often issued with unofficial French bars Traktir, Tchernaia, Mer d'Azoff, and Malakof in addition to the five British clasps.

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b Christodoulou, Glenn Medals of the Crimean War - Crimean War Research Society (1985)
  2. ^ a b British Battles and Medals, p128
  3. ^ Specimen Crimea medal at the Royal Collection.

Bibliography[edit]

  • Mackay, J and Mussel, J (eds) - Medals Yearbook - 2006, (2005), Token Publishing.
  • Joslin, Litherland, and Simpkin (eds), British Battles and Medals, (1988), Spink

External links[edit]