2014 Crimean parliamentary election
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All 75 seats to the State Council
38 seats were needed for a majority
Composition of the State Council
Parliamentary elections took place in the Republic of Crimea on 14 September 2014. These were the first elections since Crimea's annexation into the Russian Federation earlier that year. The outcome was an overwhelming victory for President Vladimir Putin's United Russia party.
After the 2014 Crimean crisis, following the passage of a secession referendum, which international community widely saw as illegal (See:International reactions to the annexation of Crimea by the Russian Federation), the declaration of independence of the Republic of Crimea from Ukraine and the process of accession to Russia that followed it, on 11 April the State Council of Crimea approved a joint appeal from Crimea and Sevastopol's Legislative Assembly to Russian President Vladimir Putin, asking him to bring forward parliamentary elections from 2015 to September 2014 "to accelerate the integration of the Republic of Crimea and Sevastopol into the system of government of the Russian Federation".
On 17 April Putin submitted a draft law on parliamentary elections in Crimea and Sevastopol to the State Duma, setting 14 September 2014 as the election date. On this day also election were held in 30 Russian regions and 14 regional (Russian) legislatures.
According to Crimean State Council Chairman Vladimir Konstantinov, the elections will be conducted according to a mixed system. Fifty deputies will be elected on Party-list proportional representation and 25 in majority constituencies.
On 9 September 2014 Head of the Republic of Crimea Sergey Aksyonov announced that Crimean residents "who did not manage to obtain a passport of the Russian Federation" would be able to participate in the elections using their "Ukrainian local registration".
Opposition figures in Crimea complained that they were deprived of a chance to win seats because of "Administrative resource-tactics" that made sure unapproved challengers would have no chance of gaining traction.
Only two parties overcame the election threshold: United Russia won 70 mandates of the Crimean Republic’s State Council 75 seats because its candidates won in all 25 single-member constituencies and it won 71.06% of the party-list vote; the other 5 mandates went to the Liberal Democratic Party of Russia who won 8.14% of the party-list vote. The voter turnout was 53.61%.
803 candidates had tried to win seats; 108 candidates in one of the single-member constituencies and the rest as candidates as member of 12 political parties.
According to a poll by August/September 2014 poll by the Crimean Academy of Sciences the United Russia party would receive 95% of the votes in the 25 in majority constituencies and about 67% of the votes on the all-Crimean party lists. 10% of the other votes on the party list were predicted to go to the LDPR (most of these voters were believed to live in south Crimea), 8% to the Communist Party of the Russian Federation (pollsters noted that their popularity (compared with three month earlier) was diminishing), 4.5% to Rodina and A Just Russia, 2,5% to Patriots of Russia and about 3% to other parties. The Crimean Academy of Sciences predicted a turnout of 80%.
- Russia's Central Election Commission Recognizes Crimea's Parliament Vote as Valid
- "Russian State Duma appoints parliamentary elections in Crimea on September 14, 2014". ITAR TASS. 25 April 2014. Retrieved 25 April 2014.
- "Выборы в Крыму и Севастополе пройдут уже в 2014 году". Rossiyskaya Gazeta. 25 April 2014. Retrieved 25 April 2014.
- Election Victories Strengthen Putin’s Grip Around Russia and Crimea, nytimes.com (SEPT. 14, 2014)
- "Putin submits law on parliamentary elections in Crimea, Sevastopol to State Duma". ITAR-TASS. 17 April 2014. Retrieved 16 August 2014.
- (in Ukrainian) Crimeans in the "elections" allowed to vote with Ukrainian passport, Ukrayinska Pravda (9 September 2014)
- United Russia wins 70 out of 75 seats in Crimean parliament — preliminary count
- (in Russian) "United Russia" surely wins the elections in Crimea - poll, Kriminform (8 September 2014)