Crimes and Misdemeanors
|Crimes and Misdemeanors|
Theatrical release poster
|Directed by||Woody Allen|
|Produced by||Robert Greenhut|
|Written by||Woody Allen|
|Music by||Franz Schubert|
|Edited by||Susan E. Morse|
Jack Rollins & Charles H. Joffe Productions
|Distributed by||Orion Pictures|
Crimes and Misdemeanors is a 1989 American existential dramatic comedy film written, directed by and co-starring Woody Allen, alongside Martin Landau, Mia Farrow, Anjelica Huston, Jerry Orbach, Alan Alda, Sam Waterston and Joanna Gleason.
Although a failure at the box office, the film was met with critical acclaim, and it was nominated for three Academy Awards: Woody Allen, for Best Director; Martin Landau, for Best Actor in a Supporting Role; and Allen again, for Best Writing, Screenplay Written Directly for the Screen.
Judah, a respectable family man, is having an affair with flight attendant Dolores Paley. After it becomes clear to her that Judah will not end his marriage, Dolores, scorned, threatens to inform his wife of their affair. Dolores's letter to Miriam is intercepted and destroyed by Judah, but she sustains the pressure on him with threats of revelation. She is also aware of some questionable financial deals Judah has made, which adds to his stress. He confides in a patient, Ben, a rabbi who is rapidly losing his eyesight. Ben advises openness and honesty between Judah and his wife, but Judah does not wish to imperil his marriage. Desperate, Judah turns to his brother, Jack, who hires a hitman to kill Dolores. Before her corpse is discovered, Judah retrieves letters and other items from her apartment (where he sees her bloody corpse) in order to cover his tracks. Stricken with guilt, Judah turns to the religious teachings he had rejected, believing for the first time that a just God is watching him and passing judgment.
Cliff, meanwhile, has been hired by his pompous brother-in-law, Lester, a successful television producer, to make a documentary celebrating Lester's life and work. Cliff grows to despise him. While filming and mocking the subject, Cliff falls in love with Lester's associate producer, Halley Reed (Mia Farrow). Despondent over his failing marriage to Lester's sister Wendy, he woos Halley, showing her footage from his ongoing documentary about Prof. Louis Levy (the psychologist Martin S. Bergmann), a renowned philosopher. He makes sure Halley is aware that he is shooting Lester's documentary merely for the money so he can finish his more meaningful project with Levy.
Cliff's dislike for Lester becomes evident during the first screening of the film. It juxtaposes footage of Lester with clownish poses of Benito Mussolini addressing a throng of supporters from a balcony. It also shows Lester yelling at his employees and clumsily making a pass at an attractive young actress. Cliff learns that Professor Levy, whom he had been profiling on the strength of his celebration of life, has committed suicide, leaving a curt note, "I've gone out the window." When Halley visits to comfort him, he makes a pass at her, which she gently rebuffs, telling him she isn't ready for another romance.
Adding to Cliff's burdens, Halley leaves for London, where Lester is offering her a producing job; when she returns several months later, Cliff is astounded to discover that she and Lester are engaged. Hearing that Lester sent Halley white roses "round the clock, for days" while they were in London, Cliff is crestfallen as he realizes he is incapable of that kind of ostentatious display. His last romantic gesture to Halley had been a love letter which, he admits with humor, he had mostly plagiarized from James Joyce.
In the final scene, Judah and Cliff meet by happenstance at the wedding of the daughter of rabbi Ben, who is Cliff's brother-in-law and Judah's patient. Once deeply anguished by the murder he arranged, Judah has worked through his guilt and is enjoying life once more; the murder had been blamed on a drifter with a criminal record. He draws Cliff into a supposedly hypothetical discussion that draws upon his moral quandary. Judah says that with time, any crisis will pass; but Cliff morosely claims instead that one is forever fated to bear one's burdens for "crimes and misdemeanors". Judah cheerfully leaves the wedding party with his wife, and Cliff is left sitting alone, dejected. Ben the rabbi, who has become blind by that time, shares a dance with his daughter while the last words of Prof. Levy are heard, pondering on how the Universe is a dark and meaningless place to which human beings fill with love, in the hope that this and other actions give the void around them a meaning.
- Martin Landau as Judah Rosenthal
- Woody Allen as Cliff Stern
- Mia Farrow as Halley Reed
- Anjelica Huston as Dolores Paley
- Alan Alda as Lester
- Jerry Orbach as Jack Rosenthal
- Joanna Gleason as Wendy Stern
- Claire Bloom as Miriam Rosenthal
- Sam Waterston as Ben
- Caroline Aaron as Barbara
- Victor Argo as Police Detective
- Daryl Hannah (uncredited) as Lisa Crosley
- Mercedes Ruehl (uncredited) as Party Guest
Allen makes use of classical and jazz music in many of the film's scenes. The soundtrack includes Franz Schubert's String Quartet No. 15 (a recording by the Juilliard Quartet), which is used in the scenes leading up to Dolores' death, and Judah discovering her body.
The outline of Judah's moral dilemma - whether a person can continue everyday life with the knowledge of having committed murder - evokes  the pivotal idea of the Russian novelist Fyodor Dostoyevsky's Crime and Punishment (1866), despite suggesting a resolution nearly opposite to that of the novel. The theme would be revisited by Allen in his films Match Point and Cassandra's Dream. The character of both Judah and his gangster brother were said to be influenced by a Jewish medical student who attended NYU with one of Marshall Brickman's relatives.
The film grossed a domestic total of $18,254,702.
Crimes and Misdemeanors received mostly positive reviews. It currently holds a 93% "Certified Fresh" rating on review aggregator Rotten Tomatoes and a 77/100 weighted average score on Metacritic, which translates to "generally favorable reviews".
The wonder of Crimes and Misdemeanors is the facility with which Mr. Allen deals with so many interlocking stories of so many differing tones and voices. The film cuts back and forth between parallel incidents and between present and past with the effortlessness of a hip, contemporary Aesop. The movie's secret strength - its structure, really - comes from the truth of the dozens and dozens of particular details through which it arrives at its own very hesitant, not especially comforting, very moving generality."
The movie generates the best kind of suspense, because it's not about what will happen to people - it's about what decisions they will reach. We have the same information they have. What would we do? How far would we go to protect our happiness and reputation? How selfish would we be? Is our comfort worth more than another person's life? Allen does not evade this question, and his answer seems to be, yes, for some people, it would be.
Though normally an ardent critic of Allen's work, John Simon of the National Review declared the film to be "Allen's first successful blending of drama and comedy, plot and subplot" and wrote, "The chief strength of the movie is its courage in confronting grave and painful questions of the kind the American cinema has been doing its damnedest to avoid." Variety gave the film a more mixed review, however, writing, "Woody Allen ambitiously mixes his two favoured strains of cinema, melodrama and comedy, with mixed results in Crimes and Misdemeanours."
In a poll of Empire magazine's poll of the 500 greatest movies of all time, the film was ranked number 267. In 2010, it was the first film to win the 20/20 Award for Best Picture, Best Original Screenplay (Woody Allen), and Best Supporting Actor (Martin Landau). It also received three additional nominations for Best Director (Woody Allen), Best Supporting Actor (Jerry Orbach) and Best Supporting Actress (Anjelica Huston). In October 2013, the film was voted by the Guardian readers as the third best film directed by Woody Allen.
- Litch, Mary M. (2010) [1st ed. 2002]. "9. EXISTENTIALISM - The Seventh Seal (1957), Crimes and Misdemeanors (1988), and Leaving Las Vegas (1995) [pp. 209-226]". Philosophy Through Film (2nd ed.). London: Routledge. ISBN 0415938759. ISBN 978-0-20386-332-9.
- "CRIMES AND MISDEMEANORS (15)". British Board of Film Classification. 1989-12-06. Retrieved 2012-03-01.
- Crimes and Misdemeanors at Box Office Mojo
- "In the Shadow of Moloch", New York Times Book Review 98, 1993: 43, retrieved 2012-03-27
- "2046". Chicago Sun-Times.
- Mary P. Nichols, Reconstructing Woody: Art, Love, and Life in the Films of Woody Allen (Rowman and Littlefield, 2000) ISBN 978-0-8476-8990-3, pp 149-164 (Part 10 The Ophthalmologist and the Filmmaker)
- Crimes and Misdemeanors at Rotten Tomatoes
- Canby, Vincent (October 13, 1989). "Review/Film; 'Crimes and Misdemeanors,' New From Woody Allen". The New York Times. Retrieved September 19, 2015.
- Ebert, Roger (October 13, 1989). "Crimes and Misdemeanors". Chicago Sun-Times. Retrieved September 19, 2015.
- Simon, John (December 8, 1989). "And Justice for None: Review of Crimes and Misdemeanors". National Review: 46–48.
- "Review: 'Crimes and Misdemeanors'". Variety. December 31, 1988. Retrieved September 19, 2015.
- "The 10 best Woody Allen films". The Guardian. October 4, 2013. Retrieved November 22, 2014.
- "Crimes And Misdemeanors (1989) (Blu-Ray)". Screen Archives Entertainment. Retrieved February 13, 2014.
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- Crimes and Misdemeanors at the Internet Movie Database
- Crimes and Misdemeanors at AllMovie
- Crimes and Misdemeanors at Box Office Mojo
- Crimes and Misdemeanors at Rotten Tomatoes
- Roger Ebert's review of Crimes and Misdemeanors