Crime Investigation Department (Pakistan)
The Crime Investigation Department (reporting name: CID) is a crime scene investigation, interrogation, antiterrorism, and an intelligence bureaus in the provincial police service of Pakistan. The each CID bureaus are usually commanded by the AIG rank police official each appointed by the Inspector-Generals of the police services.
In Karachi, the CID teams have garnered and gathered counterintelligence informations to take actions against organized crimes, and infiltrated the terrorist cells to track down the TPP and al-Qaeda operatives, alongside the FIA and the IB.
Formation and organization
In 1902, the British government formed the Indian-based CID bureaus in all over the subcontinent. After the partition of India, the CID bureaus were equally distributed to India and Pakistan. In Punjab and Sindh, the CID bureaus were formed in 1947; during the successive years, the CID bureaus were established in Balochistan and Khyber-Pakhtunkhwa.
In Sindh, the CID bureau is led by the appointed AIG, and it has several other sub-bureaus established in all over the Karachi. Other CID bureaus are located in Larkana, Sukkar, Hyderabad, and Mirpur; all bureaus led by the superintendent police (SP). In Karachi, the CID bureaus worked on towards crime scene investigations, interrogations of suspects, antiterrorism, and an intelligence in the city.
In 2010, the TPP coordinated the bomb blast at the CID building, nearly destroyed the entire headquarter. Since 2010, the Karachi CID bureau has been engage in deadly police encounters, shoot outs, murder cases, and high speed chase involving the al-Qaeda and TTP terrorists. In 2015, CID teams gunned down the four al-Qaeda operatives after a high speed chase took place in Qayyumabad in Karachi.
In Punjab, the bureau is known as the "Investigation Branch" led by the AIG. In 1953, the Punjab police ceased to use the term "CID", instead calling its department as Crime Branch. After the Police Order was promulgated in 2002, the Crime Branch was expanded into the Investigation Branch.
The CID bureau in Khyber-Pakhtunkhwa usually worked with Frontier Corps and Special Police within the Khyber-Pakhtunkhwa Police. The CID Bureau is headed by the AIG with a separate headquarters in Peshawar. The CID Peshawar carries out raids on the hideouts of TPP militants. In 2013, the bureau was converted into Elite Force and Counter Terrorism Directorate (CTD), which now works with the special agents of the FIA.
In the past, CID used to play the lead role in operations against hardened criminals, smugglers and outlaws. In case of any extraordinary situation, the Frontier Constabulary used to be called to assist the police in maintaining law and order. As of now, the CID Peshawar now focuses on conducting criminal investigation and solving murder cases.
The CID bureau in Balochistan was established by the Balochistan Police in 2000 which was then to be headed by superintendent police (SP). As of current, the CID bureau is headed by the DIG rank officer.
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