Crimson-fronted cardinal

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Crimson-fronted cardinal
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Order: Passeriformes
Family: Thraupidae
Genus: Paroaria
P. baeri
Binomial name
Paroaria baeri
Hellmayr, 1907

The crimson-fronted cardinal (Paroaria baeri) is a bird species in the tanager family (Thraupidae). It is not very closely related to the cardinals proper (Cardinalidae). It is endemic to Brazil.

Its natural habitats are subtropical or tropical moist lowland forests and subtropical or tropical moist shrubland. The crimson-fronted cardinal is relatively close to 16.5 cm, and is most often slim with a rounded crown. Its voice is rather harsh and vigorous and includes descending, harsh whistles. Very little is known about its diet, however it most likely eats insects and few fruits.

Breeding season is often thought to be October through January, with some nests accompanied by eggs found in mid-December.



  1. ^ BirdLife International (2012). "Paroaria baeri". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.2. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 26 November 2013.
  2. ^ Jaramillo, A. & de Juana, E. (2014). Crimson-fronted Cardinal (Paroaria baeri). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.) (2014). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 22 March 2015).