Crimson-mantled woodpecker

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Crimson-mantled woodpecker
Crimson-mantled Woodpecker - Colombia S4E2671.jpg
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Order: Piciformes
Family: Picidae
Genus: Colaptes
Species:
C. rivolii
Binomial name
Colaptes rivolii
Synonyms

Piculus rivolii (Boissonneau, 1840)

The crimson-mantled woodpecker (Colaptes rivolii) is a bird species in the woodpecker family (Picidae). It was formerly placed in the genus Piculus but moved to the genus Colaptes after mitochondrial DNA sequencing.[2][3] Its scientific name, rivolii, honors French ornithologist François Victor Masséna, second Duke of Rivoli and third Prince of Essling.[4]

The sex of the species can be determined by the crown and malar. The males carry a dark red malar with a red crown, while the females have both a black malar and crown.[3] Breeding times are largely unknown, with different scientific reports spotting nests from January all the way to November. [3]

Diet pertains to anthropods such as ants, a spider, a millipede, and beetle larva, along with fruits such as melastomes and rubiacs (going out of its way to avoid the invasive gorse).[5] Its foraging behavior is to search for prey along moss and lichen covered trees, leaf stems, rotting trunks, and on the ground in small clearings.[3]

Song[edit]

All subspecies with exception to atriceps have a quiet rapid monotone kee'r'r-ker'r-ke'r'r" call, where the atriceps has been described as more of a churr ... grr'r'r'r'l".[3]

Distribution[edit]

It is found and native to Bolivia, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru and Venezuela.[3] Its natural habitat is subtropical or tropical moist montane forests. It primarily stays within the elevation 1800m-3500m above sea level, but there have been sightings as far down as 700m.[3]

Subspecies[edit]

  • quindiuna (Chapman 1923)
  • rivolii (Boissonneau 1840)
  • meridae (Chapman 1923)
  • brevirostris (Taczanowski 1874)
  • atriceps (Sclater and Salvin 1876)

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b BirdLife International (2012). "Colaptes rivolii". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2012.1. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 14 August 2012.
  2. ^ Benz, Brett W.; Robbins, Mark B.; Peterson, A. Townsend (2006). "Evolutionary history of woodpeckers and allies (Aves: Picidae): Placing key taxa on the phylogenetic tree". Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution. 40: 389–399. doi:10.1016/j.ympev.2006.02.021. PMID 16635580.
  3. ^ a b c d e f g Schulenberg, Thomas S. (2011-06-17). "Crimson-mantled Woodpecker (Colaptes rivolii)". Neotropical Birds. doi:10.2173/nb.crmwoo2.01.
  4. ^ Jobling, James A. (2010). Helm Dictionary of Scientific Bird Names. London, UK: Christopher Helm. pp. 336–337. ISBN 978-1-4081-2501-4.
  5. ^ Amaya-Villarreal, Ángela (November 2010). "Effects of Gorse (Ulex europaeus) on the birds of a high Andean forest edge" (PDF). Ornitología Colombiana. No. 10: 11–25 – via amazonaws.com.