Piculus rivolii (Boissonneau, 1840)
The crimson-mantled woodpecker (Colaptes rivolii) is a bird species in the woodpecker family (Picidae). It was formerly placed in the genus Piculus but moved to the genus Colaptes after mitochondrial DNA sequencing. Its scientific name, rivolii, honors French ornithologist François Victor Masséna, second Duke of Rivoli and third Prince of Essling.
The sex of the species can be determined by the crown and malar. The males carry a dark red malar with a red crown, while the females have both a black malar and crown. Breeding times are largely unknown, with different scientific reports spotting nests from January all the way to November. 
Diet pertains to anthropods such as ants, a spider, a millipede, and beetle larva, along with fruits such as melastomes and rubiacs (going out of its way to avoid the invasive gorse). Its foraging behavior is to search for prey along moss and lichen covered trees, leaf stems, rotting trunks, and on the ground in small clearings.
All subspecies with exception to atriceps have a quiet rapid monotone kee'r'r-ker'r-ke'r'r" call, where the atriceps has been described as more of a churr ... grr'r'r'r'l".
It is found and native to Bolivia, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru and Venezuela. Its natural habitat is subtropical or tropical moist montane forests. It primarily stays within the elevation 1800m-3500m above sea level, but there have been sightings as far down as 700m.
- quindiuna (Chapman 1923)
- rivolii (Boissonneau 1840)
- meridae (Chapman 1923)
- brevirostris (Taczanowski 1874)
- atriceps (Sclater and Salvin 1876)
- BirdLife International (2012). "Colaptes rivolii". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2012.1. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 14 August 2012.
- Benz, Brett W.; Robbins, Mark B.; Peterson, A. Townsend (2006). "Evolutionary history of woodpeckers and allies (Aves: Picidae): Placing key taxa on the phylogenetic tree". Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution. 40: 389–399. doi:10.1016/j.ympev.2006.02.021. PMID 16635580.
- Schulenberg, Thomas S. (2011-06-17). "Crimson-mantled Woodpecker (Colaptes rivolii)". Neotropical Birds. doi:10.2173/nb.crmwoo2.01.
- Jobling, James A. (2010). Helm Dictionary of Scientific Bird Names. London, UK: Christopher Helm. pp. 336–337. ISBN 978-1-4081-2501-4.
- Amaya-Villarreal, Ángela (November 2010). "Effects of Gorse (Ulex europaeus) on the birds of a high Andean forest edge" (PDF). Ornitología Colombiana. No. 10: 11–25 – via amazonaws.com.
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