Criniger

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Criniger
XenocichlaKeulemans.jpg
White-bearded greenbul (above) and yellow-bearded greenbul (below)
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Order: Passeriformes
Family: Pycnonotidae
Genus: Criniger
Temminck, 1820
Criniger distribution map.png
Synonyms
  • Trichophorus
  • Tricophorus

Criniger is a genus of songbirds in the bulbul family, Pycnonotidae. The species of Criniger are found in western and central Africa.

Taxonomy and systematics[edit]

Established by Coenraad Jacob Temminck in 1820, the name Criniger is Latin for "long-haired" (from crinis, meaning "hair" and gerere, meaning "to carry").[1]

Extant species[edit]

There are five extant species in the genus Criniger:[2]

Former species[edit]

Formerly, some authorities also considered the following species (or subspecies) as species within the genus Criniger:

References[edit]

  1. ^ Jobling, James A. (2010). The Helm Dictionary of Scientific Names. London, UK: Christopher Helm. p. 121. ISBN 978-1-4081-2501-4. 
  2. ^ "Bulbuls « IOC World Bird List". www.worldbirdnames.org. Retrieved 2017-05-08. 
  3. ^ "Pycnonotus striatus - Avibase". avibase.bsc-eoc.org. Retrieved 2017-03-08. 
  4. ^ Admin, Avis (2014-09-10). "277. Alcurus striatus". AVIS-IBIS. Retrieved 2017-03-08. 
  5. ^ "Pycnonotus conradi - Avibase". avibase.bsc-eoc.org. Retrieved 2017-03-31. 
  6. ^ "Arizelocichla tephrolaema - Avibase". avibase.bsc-eoc.org. Retrieved 2017-04-03. 
  7. ^ "Arizelocichla olivaceiceps - Avibase". avibase.bsc-eoc.org. Retrieved 2017-04-06. 
  8. ^ "Calyptocichla serinus - Avibase". avibase.bsc-eoc.org. Retrieved 2017-04-11. 
  9. ^ "Baeopogon indicator - Avibase". avibase.bsc-eoc.org. Retrieved 2017-04-11. 
  10. ^ "Baeopogon indicator leucurus - Avibase". avibase.bsc-eoc.org. Retrieved 2017-04-11. 
  11. ^ "Chlorocichla flaviventris - Avibase". avibase.bsc-eoc.org. Retrieved 2017-04-13. 
  12. ^ "Chlorocichla falkensteini - Avibase". avibase.bsc-eoc.org. Retrieved 2017-04-16. 
  13. ^ "Chlorocichla simplex - Avibase". avibase.bsc-eoc.org. Retrieved 2017-04-16. 
  14. ^ Catalogue of the Birds in the British Museum: Passeriformes, or perching birds. Cichlomorphœ: pt. III-IV, containing the ... family Timeliidœ (babbling-thrushes) by R.B. Sharpe. order of the Trustees. 1881-01-01. 
  15. ^ "Atimastillas flavicollis flavigula - Avibase". avibase.bsc-eoc.org. Retrieved 2017-04-17. 
  16. ^ "Phyllastrephus strepitans - Avibase". avibase.bsc-eoc.org. Retrieved 2017-04-21. 
  17. ^ "Phyllastrephus fischeri - Avibase". avibase.bsc-eoc.org. Retrieved 2017-05-02. 
  18. ^ "Phyllastrephus cabanisi - Avibase". avibase.bsc-eoc.org. Retrieved 2017-05-02. 
  19. ^ "Phyllastrephus icterinus - Avibase". avibase.bsc-eoc.org. Retrieved 2017-05-04. 
  20. ^ "Bleda syndactylus syndactylus (multicolor) - Avibase". avibase.bsc-eoc.org. Retrieved 2017-05-07. 
  21. ^ "Bleda eximius - Avibase". avibase.bsc-eoc.org. Retrieved 2017-05-07. 
  22. ^ "Bleda notatus - Avibase". avibase.bsc-eoc.org. Retrieved 2017-05-07. 
  23. ^ "Bleda canicapillus - Avibase". avibase.bsc-eoc.org. Retrieved 2017-05-07. 
  24. ^ "Alophoixus finschii - Avibase". avibase.bsc-eoc.org. Retrieved 2017-05-12. 
  25. ^ "Alophoixus flaveolus - Avibase". avibase.bsc-eoc.org. Retrieved 2017-05-12. 
  26. ^ "Alophoixus flaveolus burmanicus - Avibase". avibase.bsc-eoc.org. Retrieved 2017-05-13. 
  27. ^ "Alophoixus pallidus - Avibase". avibase.bsc-eoc.org. Retrieved 2017-05-14. 
  28. ^ "Alophoixus pallidus griseiceps - Avibase". avibase.bsc-eoc.org. Retrieved 2017-05-14. 
  29. ^ "Alophoixus pallidus henrici - Avibase". avibase.bsc-eoc.org. Retrieved 2017-05-14. 
  30. ^ "Alophoixus ochraceus - Avibase". avibase.bsc-eoc.org. Retrieved 2017-05-15. 
  31. ^ "Alophoixus ochraceus sordidus - Avibase". avibase.bsc-eoc.org. Retrieved 2017-05-15. 
  32. ^ "Alophoixus ochraceus sumatranus - Avibase". avibase.bsc-eoc.org. Retrieved 2017-05-15. 
  33. ^ "Alophoixus ochraceus ruficrissus - Avibase". avibase.bsc-eoc.org. Retrieved 2017-05-15. 
  34. ^ "Alophoixus bres - Avibase". avibase.bsc-eoc.org. Retrieved 2017-05-15. 
  35. ^ "Alophoixus bres tephrogenys - Avibase". avibase.bsc-eoc.org. Retrieved 2017-05-15. 
  36. ^ "Alophoixus bres gutturalis - Avibase". avibase.bsc-eoc.org. Retrieved 2017-05-15. 
  37. ^ "Alophoixus frater - Avibase". avibase.bsc-eoc.org. Retrieved 2017-05-23. 
  38. ^ "Alophoixus phaeocephalus - Avibase". avibase.bsc-eoc.org. Retrieved 2017-05-29. 
  39. ^ "Alophoixus phaeocephalus diardi - Avibase". avibase.bsc-eoc.org. Retrieved 2017-05-29. 
  40. ^ "Alophoixus phaeocephalus sulphuratus - Avibase". avibase.bsc-eoc.org. Retrieved 2017-05-29. 
  41. ^ "Acritillas indica - Avibase". avibase.bsc-eoc.org. Retrieved 2017-06-01. 
  42. ^ "Acritillas indica icterica - Avibase". avibase.bsc-eoc.org. Retrieved 2017-06-01. 
  43. ^ The Ibis. British Ornithologists' Union. 1872. 
  44. ^ "Tricholestes criniger sericeus - Avibase". avibase.bsc-eoc.org. Retrieved 2017-06-03. 
  45. ^ "Iole propinqua - Avibase". avibase.bsc-eoc.org. Retrieved 2017-06-05. 
  46. ^ "Buff-vented Bulbul (Iole charlottae)". www.hbw.com. Retrieved 2017-06-05. 
  47. ^ "Iole palawanensis - Avibase". avibase.bsc-eoc.org. Retrieved 2017-06-05. 
  48. ^ "Thapsinillas affinis (Seram Golden Bulbul) - Avibase". avibase.bsc-eoc.org. Retrieved 2017-10-18. 
  49. ^ "Thapsinillas affinis flavicaudus (Ambon Golden Bulbul) - Avibase". avibase.bsc-eoc.org. Retrieved 2017-10-18. 
  50. ^ "Thapsinillas longirostris (Sula Golden-Bulbul) - Avibase". avibase.bsc-eoc.org. Retrieved 2017-10-21. 
  51. ^ "Thapsinillas platenae (Sangihe Golden-Bulbul) - Avibase". avibase.bsc-eoc.org. Retrieved 2017-10-21. 
  52. ^ "Thapsinillas aurea (Togian Golden-Bulbul) - Avibase". avibase.bsc-eoc.org. Retrieved 2017-10-21. 
  53. ^ "Thapsinillas chloris (Halmahera Golden-Bulbul) - Avibase". avibase.bsc-eoc.org. Retrieved 2017-10-21. 
  54. ^ "Thapsinillas mysticalis (Buru Golden Bulbul) - Avibase". avibase.bsc-eoc.org. Retrieved 2017-10-21. 
  55. ^ "Hypsipetes everetti (Yellowish Bulbul) - Avibase". avibase.bsc-eoc.org. Retrieved 2017-11-06. 
  56. ^ "Hypsipetes everetti haynaldi (Sulu Bulbul) - Avibase". avibase.bsc-eoc.org. Retrieved 2017-11-06. 

Further reading[edit]

  • Huntley, Jerry W.; Harvey, Johanna A.; Pavia, Marco; Boano, Giovanni; Voelker, Gary (2017). "The systematics and biogeography of the Bearded Greenbuls (Aves: Criniger) reveals the impact of Plio-Pleistocene forest fragmentation on Afro-tropical avian diversity". Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society. doi:10.1093/zoolinnean/zlx086.