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Cris and Cru Kahui homicides

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The Cris and Cru Kahui homicides refers to the deaths of brothers Christopher Arepa and Cru Omeka Kahui (20 March 2006 – 18 June 2006), two New Zealand infants from a Māori family who died in Auckland's Starship Children's Hospital after being admitted with serious head injuries.[1] Their family initially refused to cooperate with police in the homicide investigation into the children's deaths. The father, 21-year-old, Chris Kahui was charged with their murder. His defence was that the mother, Macsyna King, was responsible for the deaths. After a six-week trial, the jury took just one minute to acquit him.[2] In July 2012, a coroner's report was released, which concluded that the children's injuries occurred "whilst they were in the sole custody, care and control of their father".

Background[edit]

Cris and Cru Kahui were the two survivors of triplets born prematurely at 29 weeks by emergency caesarean section on 20 March 2006[3] at the National Women's Hospital in Grafton, New Zealand to parents, Christopher Sonny Kahui and Macsyna Pono King. At the time of their birth, King was 29 and her partner Kahui was 21, and they were already the parents of a 13-month-old child son Shane who was born in 2005.[4] Prior to that, King, who was born in South Auckland, had already had three other children in two previous relationships, and met Kahui through his father when she was 27 and he 19.[4] The relationship however, was not always smooth, with a range of risk factors contributing to tension and instability for the couple prior to, and after the arrival of their children.[5]

After their birth, the twins spent six weeks at the Kidz First neonatal intensive care unit at Middlemore Hospital. During this time, nurses and social workers at the facility had informally raised concerns with a Department of Child, Youth and Family Services worker, as the parents did not spend a lot of time with the babies. According to the hospital, parents not visiting is not considered child abuse, but was a "cause for concern".[6] Because the infants were still technically patients of Middlemore Hospital, hospital workers regularly visited the family home. During their last visit to the hospital, Chris and Cru were reported to be healthy and well-fed. However, an autopsy showed that the infants had suffered fractured ribs in an incident prior to the fatal injuries.

Deaths[edit]

On 13 June 2006, King returned to the house after being away overnight. She found that the boys suffered extensive bruises, and that their grandfather, William "Banjo" Kahui, had performed cardiopulmonary resuscitation on them. Police said Banjo was not the only person in the house at the time. According to former MP John Tamihere, a member of the Kahui extended family had said "a young relative" was caring for the babies the day they were fatally injured.[7] King and her husband took their children to the family G.P., who ordered immediate hospitalisation for the infants. The Coroner made a finding that Kahui refused to take the children to hospital, running away from the family car and leaving a distraught King carrying two babies in their carriers into the hospital on her own.[8]

Doctors immediately discovered that the infants had serious brain injuries.[3] Both infants had suffered skull fractures from blunt force trauma and Chris had a broken femur. An orthopaedic specialist told The Sunday Star-Times that in order to break the femur of a baby, the bone would have to bend at a 90 degree angle, ruling out an accidental cause of the injury.[9] After the infants were transferred to Starship Hospital, hospital workers notified the police. Child, Youth and Family removed Shane and their female cousin Cayenne, aged six months from two rented Housing New Zealand homes — one in Clendon, the other in Mangere — where the Kahui babies had lived. Police said they were treated in hospital for injuries resulting from "neglect". They had been found to be malnourished and "dirty".[10] According to the Herald on Sunday newspaper, the two children were to be returned to the family in September 2006. But neither the parents or so-called "Tight 12" of family members who initially refused to cooperate with police, would be their caregivers.[11]

The twins were ultimately taken off life support, with Cru being the first to die at 5 a.m. on 18 June. Chris died at 6:45 p.m. later in the day. The bodies were released to the family on 21 June and taken to the Manurewa marae for a tangihanga (funeral rites), and were buried at the Manukau City cemetery on 24 June.[12]

Investigation[edit]

The deaths resulted in an initial serious assault investigation by the New Zealand Police before charges were upgraded to homicide.[13] The police believe that, while the infants were in hospital prior to their deaths, the family was uncooperative with any investigation.[14] Pita Sharples, the co-leader of the Māori Party, said the family had agreed to talk to police on 26 June,[15] but this did not happen.[16] Following the deaths, Sharples said he was disgusted by the Kahui family's behaviour. He claimed some members of the family were more interested in going "to the pub and have a drink" than coming forward to police. Prime Minister Helen Clark said it was "absolutely shocking" for the family to hide behind the funeral while everyone in the country was "shocked and revolted" by the injuries.[17] There were even reports that gang members were threatening the Kahui family in utu (or revenge) over their refusal to speak.[18]

After refusing to speak to police in the week after the death, police went to family homes on 27 June. At least four family members, including King and an aunt,[19] were escorted to police stations.[20] By 4 July, at least 20 extended family members were questioned, as well as 90 medical practitioners and staff who were in contact with the babies.[21] Forensic scientists removed items such as clothing from the Kahui homes.[22] By September, police said that the family was no longer "stone-walling" their inquiries, but a prima facie case had yet to be established.[23] Sunday News reported on 17 September that the list of suspects was down to three and an arrest was imminent.[24] This was followed by a police statement nine days later stating that they now knew who was responsible for the deaths. However, other family members could still be charged with related crimes.[25]

Two half-sisters of the King, appeared on TVNZ's Sunday 23 July episode. They claimed that King and her brother, Robert King, had told them the name of the killer. TVNZ censored the name when one of the women said it, but the gender was revealed to be male.[26] The infants' paternal grandmother, who appeared the next day on TV3's Campbell Live, contradicted this information, stating that the killer was female.[27]

The homes where the babies lived were also home to at least nine adult occupants, eight of whom were on some form of social welfare. They may have been receiving payments totalling between $845 and $1395 a week, depending on their age and circumstances.[28] Work and Income New Zealand launched an investigation to see whether all the payments were legitimate.[29] Two instances of substantiated benefit fraud were found for one individual.[30] The Clendon house had been occupied for two to three months, but neighbours had not noticed that babies were living there. According to the neighbours, Tuesday and Thursday nights were "party nights," as this was when benefit payments were received. Loud music and fighting were often heard. One neighbour said that a sixteen-year-old female appeared on their doorstep at 3:30 a.m. one morning after she said an older man at the Clendon house attempted to sexually assault her.[3]

Murder arrest[edit]

The edition of 1 October of the Sunday Star-Times newspaper published an interview with Kahui, who said that he did not kill his sons, but if Police could not find anyone else, "I go down for something I didn't do".[31] Investigators called Kahui's interview with the police on 3 October a "major development".[32] On 26 October, a "carload of detectives" had gone to several addresses looking for Kahui, who was brought in for questioning. At 10 p.m., it was announced in a press conference that a 21-year-old man had been arrested and charged with the murder of the infants, and would appear in the Manukau District Court the next day. No other family members faced charges with relation to the deaths.[33]

Contrary to this, the Sunday News reported on 31 December 2006 that, according to an unnamed source, a second arrest was expected. Neither the exact charges that would be laid nor the relationship of the person to the infants were revealed.[34] Three weeks later the same newspaper said four people involved in the investigation had been summoned to the appear at the Manukau district court on 24 January. Sources told the newspaper that the new charges relate to dead infants and a pre-school child. One of those to be charged was King, the mother of Chris and Cru.[35] None of these charges eventuated. According to the Herald on Sunday, the Microsoft Word file containing the press release announcing the arrest of Kahui had actually been created five days earlier, and the last edit was the day before the arrest. In the same article, the Herald reported the Police were questioning whether Kahui was actually the biological father of the infants.[36] DNA tests later confirmed that he was the father.[37]

Court appearances[edit]

Kahui appeared in the Number One court of the Manukau District Court on 27 October for a two-minute hearing, where he was formally charged with murder. He was asked not to plead; however, outside the court, Kahui's lawyer, Lorraine Smith, said her client would "fight the charges".[33] He was remanded in police custody until 10 November when he was freed on bail.[38] A pre-depositions hearing was held 17 January. A second pre-depositions hearing was intended to take place on 21 March. This was so his lawyer could read 60 files of evidence collected by police, and for a medical expert from Australia to become available.[39] This second hearing was delayed because the defence was still waiting for the medical report from Australia.[40] The depositions hearing was finally set for 18 June, with a brief court appearance on 18 April.[41] This date was later changed to sometime on 13 August.[42]

Kahui was found not guilty on Thursday 22 May 2008, after only one minute of deliberation by the jury. The officer who led the police investigations into the murders, Detective Inspector John Tims, said he was "disappointed" at the verdict,[43] finding "no evidence to support a charge against any other person and that includes the mother, Macsyna King".[44] He acknowledged the prosecutor, who had "said in his opening and closing address that there is no new evidence to support a charge being laid against the mother, Macsyna King".[43] No charges were laid against King.[43] Kahui's lawyer has threatened to lodge a complaint with the Police Complaints Authority over Police handling of the prosecution of her client for the murder of the twins.[45]

Coroner's report[edit]

Coroner Gary Evans released a report into the deaths of the children in July 2012. He found that the twins had suffered the brain injuries which led to their deaths during the afternoon or early evening of 12 June 2006, at a time "whilst they were in the sole custody, care and control of their father", Kahui. He said there was no evidence or fact to support that injuries being caused by King. Kahui, who gave evidence to the coroner's inquest, attempted to prevent the publication of the report.[46]

Significance[edit]

The case highlighted the fact that Māori children are more than twice as likely to die as a result of abuse than non-Māori[47] and that New Zealand ranks fifth highest among OECD nations for child deaths due to maltreatment according to a 2003 UNICEF report.[48] In July 2012, Dr Muriel Newman of the NZ Centre for Political Research commented in an article entitled State culpability: the Kahui twins, that:[5]

It is an indictment of our political system that so many of those in leadership positions have for decades turned a blind eye to the fragmentation of the family caused by welfare and other misguided social policies. The results have devastated generations of children. While the present benefit reforms seek to discourage sole parenthood and unplanned pregnancies, whether they will be effective enough remains to be seen. With the government’s White Paper on child abuse due to be released next month, one can only hope that for the sake of our children a significant focus of future policy change is on strengthening the family – and marriage, which still remains the safest institution in which to raise children.

Media[edit]

The case was covered by Casefile True Crime Podcast on 23 April 2016.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Diaz, Deborah (18 July 2006). "Signs of earlier abuse of Kahui twins". The Dom Post. 
  2. ^ "The Star-Times understands the Kahui jury deliberated for just one minute not 10 minutes as previously reported. As soon as the jury was sent to deliberate, members were polled and everyone said Kahui was not guilty that took one minute. The jury then went to lunch and returned its verdict as soon as lunch was over." Alexander, Miriyana (1 June 2008). "Loudmouth juror put Kahui trial at risk". Sunday Star Times. Retrieved 1 June 2008. 
  3. ^ a b c Carroll du Chateau; Louisa Cleave (24 June 2006). "The Kahui twins: Murder — and the cover-up". Weekend Herald. Retrieved 5 July 2006. 
  4. ^ a b Gower, Patrick (2008-05-23). "Macsyna's world". NZ Herald. ISSN 1170-0777. Retrieved 2018-01-23. 
  5. ^ a b "State culpability: the Kahui twins | NZCPR Site". www.nzcpr.com. Retrieved 2018-01-23. 
  6. ^ "Nurses raised concern before twins' deaths". NZPA. 25 June 2006. Retrieved 4 July 2006. 
  7. ^ Diaz, Deborah (22 June 2006). "Twins 'in care of youngsters'". The Dominion Post. 
  8. ^ Report of Coroner released 25 July 2012
  9. ^ Hume, Tim (2 July 2006). "We know who killed the twins – aunts". The Sunday Star-Times. 
  10. ^ "Post mortem details of twins released". Newstalk ZB. 20 June 2006. Retrieved 4 July 2006. 
  11. ^ Cook, Stephen (10 September 2006). "Kahui kids to return to family". The New Zealand Herald. Retrieved 11 September 2006. 
  12. ^ "Kahui twins interred". Newstalk ZB. 24 June 2006. Archived from the original on 29 September 2007. Retrieved 4 July 2006. 
  13. ^ "Police probe deaths of twins". The Press. 19 June 2006. 
  14. ^ Field, Michael (24 June 2006). "Twins' family 'agreed to thwart police'". The Dominion Post. 
  15. ^ "Sharples confident family will talk". Radio New Zealand. 26 June 2006. Retrieved 4 July 2006. 
  16. ^ "Kahui Family Fail To Front To Police". NewsWire. 26 June 2006. Retrieved 4 July 2006. [dead link]
  17. ^ "Kahui silence disgusting, says Sharples". NZPA. 27 June 2006. Retrieved 4 July 2006. 
  18. ^ "Gangs want utu against Kahui family". Newstalk ZB. 27 June 2006. Retrieved 4 July 2006. 
  19. ^ "Kahui Family Talking To Police". NewsWire. 28 June 2006. Retrieved 4 July 2006. [dead link]
  20. ^ Martin Kay; NZPA (28 June 2006). "Police bring family in for interviews". The Dominion Post. 
  21. ^ Field, Michael (4 July 2006). "20 questioned in twins case". The Dominion Post. 
  22. ^ "Baby clothes taken from Kahui home". Newstalk ZB. 3 July 2006. Archived from the original on 29 September 2007. Retrieved 4 July 2006. 
  23. ^ Cook, Stephen; Savage, Jared (17 September 2006). "Kahui twins' parents put burgers before babies". Herald on Sunday. Retrieved 17 September 2006. 
  24. ^ "Kahui twins homicide suspect list down to 3 – report". NZPA. 17 September 2006. 
  25. ^ "We know who killed the twins, say police". NZPA. 27 September 2006. 
  26. ^ "Police play down arrests in Kahui case". NZPA. 24 July 2006. 
  27. ^ "Grandmother of dead twins disputes killer is a male". NZPA. 25 July 2006. 
  28. ^ "Taxpayers shell out for Kahuis". The New Zealand Herald. 27 June 2006. Retrieved 4 July 2006. 
  29. ^ Kay, Martin (4 July 2006). "Killing of twins prompts dole blitz". The Dominion Post. 
  30. ^ "The Kahuis – what's to stop it happening again?". Sunday Star Times. 11 June 2007. 
  31. ^ "I didn't kill twins, asserts father". NZPA. 1 October 2006. Retrieved 27 October 2006. 
  32. ^ "Progress but no arrest in Kahui case". NZPA. 3 October 2006. 
  33. ^ a b "Kahui twins' father charged". Dominion Post. 27 October 2006. 
  34. ^ "Fresh twist in Kahui case". Sunday News. 31 December 2006. 
  35. ^ "Four in court for Kahui case". Sundays News. 21 January 2007. 
  36. ^ Savage, Jared (29 October 2006). "Kahui twins' paternity questioned". The New Zealand Herald. Retrieved 29 October 2006. 
  37. ^ Savage, Jared (8 April 2007). "Tests confirm Kahui was twins' dad". NZ Herald. Retrieved 18 April 2006. 
  38. ^ "Kahui twins' father granted bail". 10 November 2006. 
  39. ^ "Kahui twins' father reappears in court". NZPA. 17 January 2007. 
  40. ^ "Further brief court appearance by father accused of killing Kahui twins". Radio New Zealand. 21 March 2007. 
  41. ^ "Kahui twins' dad sent to deposition hearing". Fairfax Media. 18 April 2006. 
  42. ^ Johnston, Martin (11 August 2007). "Internet can prejudice jurors – judge". NZ Herald. Retrieved 11 August 2007. 
  43. ^ a b c Gay, Edward (22 May 2008). "No charges against Kahui twins' mother". The New Zealand Herald. Retrieved 22 May 2008. 
  44. ^ "Kahui case will remain closed 'at this point'". The New Zealand Herald. 26 May 2008. Retrieved 12 September 2011. 
  45. ^ "'Furious' Kahui defence launch police complaint". The New Zealand Herald. 24 May 2008. Retrieved 12 September 2011. 
  46. ^ Savage, Jared (25 July 2012). "Coroner points at Kahui". The New Zealand Herald. Retrieved 25 July 2012. 
  47. ^ "Child Abuse And Neglect". Ministry of Social Development. Retrieved 27 September 2007. 
  48. ^ A League Table of Child Maltreatment Deaths in Rich Nations (PDF). UNICEF. 2003. p. 4. ISBN 88-85401-94-5. Retrieved 4 July 2006. 


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