Crispin Odey

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Crispin Odey
Born Robin Crispin William Odey
January 1959 (age 59)
Yorkshire, England
Residence London, England
Nationality British
Alma mater Christ Church, Oxford
Occupation Investor, fund manager
Known for Odey Asset Management
Net worth GBP £1.1 billion (jointly with wife, April 2015)[1]
Spouse(s) Prudence Murdoch
Nichola Pease
Relatives George Odey (grandfather)
Website https://www.odey.com/

Robin Crispin William Odey (born January 1959)[2][3] is a London-based hedge fund manager and the founding partner of Odey Asset Management. In April 2011 the firm had $6.5 to $7 billion under management, with Odey personally running $4 billion of assets.[4] According to Bloomberg in November 2017, he is "known for his bearish outlook" on the markets.[5]

Early life and education[edit]

Odey was born in East Yorkshire, the only son of (George) Richard Odey.[6] In 1980, his sister Caroline Jane Odey married Hon. Henry David Montgomery (heir apparent to the viscountcy), the son of David Montgomery, 2nd Viscount Montgomery of Alamein, and they have three children.[7] His father was from a family of Yorkshire industrialists, and his grandfather George Odey, "a formidable bully", had been the Conservative MP for Beverley.[8] His mother was from the "prominent" Clitherow family.[8]

He was educated at Harrow School, where his father had been head boy, and graduated from Christ Church, Oxford in 1980 with a degree in history and economics.[9][10] Soon after graduation, he found out that his father had huge debts, and the trustees made him responsible for Hotham Hall, a 4,000-acre estate that had been in his mother's family since 1720.[8] Aged 23, he sold everything.[8] According to Odey, his father was a "wastrel from beginning to end", and survived on handouts from his son.[8]

Career[edit]

Early funds[edit]

After university he qualified as a barrister but instead joined Framlington fund managers, leaving to work for Barings International where he managed the Baring European Growth Trust. He ran continental European pension funds at Barings and at Framlington.[2][4][11]

1991-2015: Odey Asset Management founding[edit]

Odey founded Odey Asset Management in 1991.[11] George Soros was one of the original investors, seeding Odey $150 million.[4] He suffered large losses in 1994 when the Federal Reserve unexpectedly lifted interest rates (one of his funds lost 44 per cent of its value), but went on to thrive, for instance by foreseeing that the value of insurers would rise after the September 11 attacks on New York in 2001.[4][12] Through the early part of the 2000s Odey worked closely with Hugh Hendry, whom he had recruited and who ran Odey's top performing Continental Europe Fund. Hendry left in 2005 to establish Eclectica Asset Management. In reference to Hendry, Odey himself said: "Odey in the 1990s was a one-man band; Odey in the 2000s was a two-man band."[4]

According to The New York Times, Odey "came to prominence during the 2008 financial crisis when he shorted banking shares, a lucrative wager that helped him to earn almost 28 million pounds that year."[13] Odey came to wide attention in 2008 when he paid himself £28 million after successfully anticipating the credit crunch.[12] That year his return was 54.8 per cent.[4] He had been bearish about the position of banks for a number of years, shorting Bradford & Bingley as early as 2005, questioning the German landesbanks and warning consistently about the dangers of debt and inflated house prices. He continued his short positions into early 2009 but in April took longer positions as he predicted the market rally of that year.[2] The Times newspaper selected Odey as a "Business Big Shot" in 2008.[14]

In May 2009 Odey attracted some controversy for saying in The Times that he would leave the country to avoid paying 50% income tax.[15] He was at the centre of further controversy in 2009 when it was suggested that he financially backed anti-EU campaigners in the Irish referendum on the Lisbon Treaty[16] while some hedge funds had taken out specific bets on the insolvency of the country in the event that the vote not be carried.[17] The Treaty passed by a margin of 67.1 per cent to 32.9 per cent.[18] Odey denied that he had funded the Libertas 'no' campaign in faxes issued to RTÉ and TV3.[19]

In May 2010, Odey Asset Management formed a new investment management firm with Geneva’s Bruellan Wealth Management called Odey Bruellan.[20] Odey Asset Management's Odey European Inc. fund was ranked No. 5 on Bloomberg's 2012 list of the 100 Top-Performing Large Hedge Funds.[21]

2016-2018: Recent career[edit]

In 2016, it was reported that Odey saw his personal fortune plummet by £200 million after profits at Odey Asset Management suffered a significant decline. His salary was slashed as profits were down nearly 45% from the previous year.[22][23] In 2016, Odey was a "prominent" backer of Brexit,[24] arguing it would allow the UK to govern itself.[25] Later that year, his hedge fun won about 15% of its value following the results of Brexit.[26] Overall, his flagship fund made losses of almost 50 percent in 2016, and in 2016, and the firm's operating profits dropped from 44.3 million pounds to 18.6 million pounds.[13]

In June 2017, The Daily Telegraph reported that his fund had profited from the drop in the value of the pound that resulted from a hung parliament.[25] In August 2017, he remained an investor in Sky.[27] After initially backing the Fox bid for Sky, in November 2017, he opposed Twenty-First Century Fox's bid for Sky, after Sky's financial results proved "better than people forecast."[28]

Assets under management at the fund dropped from $11.7 billion at the start of 2015, to $5.5 billion in September 2017.[29] Also, funds in his flagship Odey European fund fell from €2.5 billion at the start of 2015 to €184 million.[24] The Financial Times chalked the losses in part to "poorly timed" trades.[24] On 5 January 2018, The New York Times reported that the value of Odey Asset Management had lost more than a fifth of its value in 2017, dropping around 20.5 percent. The New York Times wrote that Odey's fund's "performance has suffered heavily after he took a negative stance on the outlook for the global economy and bearish positions against shares that have not borne fruit."[13] He had also made "bets against the Fed," explaining to his clients that "it would certainly be simpler to follow the market. But then we would be ignoring the fundamental data." He had also assumed there would be a crash resulting from high interest rates.[30]

Personal life[edit]

Odey was briefly married to Rupert Murdoch's eldest daughter, Prudence, although the pair quickly separated.[31] The marriage lasted 15 months.

He subsequently married Nichola Pease, deputy chairman of JO Hambro Capital Management and a member of one of the founding families of Barclays Bank.[2][12][32][33] Nichola is younger daughter of Sir Richard Pease, 3rd Baronet, and a sister of Carolyn Varley (wife of John Varley) and Richard Pease, a funds manager.[34] He had no children by his first wife, and three children, two sons and one daughter, by his second wife.[35]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Sunday Times Rich List". The Sunday Times (page 33). 26 April 2014. 
  2. ^ a b c d O'Hannelly, Padraig. "Investment Greats: Crispin Odey", Motley Fool, 2 October 2009. Retrieved 13 June 2012.
  3. ^ "Robin Crispin William ODEY - Personal Appointments (free information from Companies House)". Beta.companieshouse.gov.uk. Retrieved 20 June 2017. 
  4. ^ a b c d e f Blackhurst, Chris (1 April 2011). "The MT Interview: Crispin Odey of Odey Asset Management". Management Today. Retrieved 13 June 2012.
  5. ^ Kumar, Nishant (1 October 2017). "Odey Sees 'Terrifying' Mix in MiFID, Tapering, Asset Values". Bloomberg. New York. Retrieved 7 January 2017. 
  6. ^ "Preview 0008310 - Murdochs Daughter Weds Newspaper proprietor Rupert Murdoch with his daughter Prudence 26 and his new son in law Crispin Odey when the couple married today at St Michaels Church in Chester Square London Mr Odey the only son of Mr & Mrs Richard Odey of Hotham Hall Yorkshire is an insurance broker - 24th May 1985". Topfoto. Retrieved 20 June 2017. 
  7. ^ "Montgomery of Alamein, Viscount (UK, 1946)". Cracroftspeerage.co.uk. Retrieved 20 June 2017. 
  8. ^ a b c d e Edwardes, Charlotte (20 November 2012). "Crispin Odey: David Cameron is not a leader, doesn't understand power and doesn't use it". London Evening Standard. Retrieved 20 June 2017. 
  9. ^ "Our People". Odey. Retrieved 12 April 2018. 
  10. ^ "Middle Temple". www.middletemple.org.uk. Retrieved 12 April 2018. 
  11. ^ a b "Manager Factsheet: Crispin Odey", Trustnet. Retrieved 13 June 2012.
  12. ^ a b c Teather, David (4 August 2008). "Crispin Odey: Hedge fund manager pays himself £28m after thriving during credit crunch", The Guardian. London. Retrieved 13 June 2012.
  13. ^ a b c Martin, Ben; Weir, Keith (5 January 2018). "Odey Hedge Fund Lost More Than a Fifth of Value in 2017". The New York Times. Reuters. Retrieved 6 January 2017. 
  14. ^ Gray, Sadie. "Business movers and shakers". The Times. London. Retrieved 4 March 2012. 
  15. ^ Gray, Sadie. "Banking and finance". The Times. London. Retrieved 4 March 2012. 
  16. ^ Molloy, Thomas (29 September 2009). "Odey one of the most successful financiers in UK". Irish Independent. Dublin. Retrieved 13 June 2012.
  17. ^ "Funding allegations dominate Lisbon debate". The Irish Times. Dublin. 29 September 2009. 
  18. ^ "Taoiseach welcomes 'decisive step'". RTÉ News. 3 October 2009. Retrieved 4 March 2012. 
  19. ^ "Odey denies funding Ganley no campaign", politics.ie, 30 September 2009. Retrieved 13 June 2012.
  20. ^ Giles, Warren (10 May 2010). "Odey Forms Joint-Venture Firm With Geneva's Bruellan". Bloomberg. New York. Retrieved 8 January 2017. 
  21. ^ Bloomberg 100 Top-Performing Large Hedge Funds 2012
  22. ^ "Hedge fund manager goes from billionaire to millionaire in profits plunge". The Guardian. London. Press Association. 22 April 2016. Retrieved 20 June 2017. 
  23. ^ Bow, Michael (22 April 2016). "Crispin Odey warns of banking crisis as profits nosedive". London Evening Standard. Retrieved 20 June 2017. 
  24. ^ a b c Johnson, Miles (24 October 2017). "Poorly timed trades crush fund assets managed by Crispin Odey". Financial Times. London. Retrieved 7 January 2017. 
  25. ^ a b Martin, Ben (9 June 2017). "Crispin Odey's hedge fund profits from pound's election slide". The Daily Telegraph. London. Retrieved 7 January 2017. 
  26. ^ Wainewright, Will. "Crispin Odey’s Main Hedge Fund Said to Gain 15% on Brexit Vote", Bloomberg. New York. 24 June 2016. Accessed 24 August 2016.
  27. ^ Elder, Bryce (11 August 2017). "Crispin Odey digs in over his Sky stake as Murdoch circles". Financial Times. London. Retrieved 7 January 2017. 
  28. ^ Martin, Ben (7 November 2017). "Sky investor Crispin Odey opposes Fox bid as Disney talks fuel uncertainty". The Globe and Mail. Toronto. Retrieved 7 January 2017. 
  29. ^ Williams-Grut, Oscar (1 November 2017). "Top hedge fund manager Crispin Odey: Markets are 'starting to go hyperbolic'". Business Insider. Retrieved 7 January 2017. 
  30. ^ Baker, Phillip (27 October 2017). "The big mistake Crispin Odey made fighting the Fed". The Australian Financial Review. Melbourne. 
  31. ^ Wolff, Michael. "The Secrets of His Succession", Vanity Fair, December 2008. Retrieved 13 June 2012.
  32. ^ "The Tatler List: Crispin Odey" Archived 4 June 2012 at the Wayback Machine., The Tatler. Retrieved 13 June 2012.
  33. ^ Brummer, Alex (24 June 2009). "City Interview: Odey warns we could be a Zimbabwe". Daily Mail. London. Retrieved 26 June 2012.
  34. ^ Darryl Landy. Sir Richard Thorn Pease, 3rd Bt. Retrieved 9 January 2013
  35. ^ Darryl Landy. Nichola Pease. Retrieved 9 January 2013