June 10, 1863|
Cavite El Viejo, Captaincy General of the Philippines
|Died||March 24, 1897
Imus, Cavite, Captaincy General of the Philippines
|Allegiance||First Philippine Republic|
|Service/branch||Philippine Revolutionary Army|
|Years of service||1896-1897|
Críspulo Aguinaldo (June 10, 1863 – March 24, 1897) was a native of Kawit, Cavite the older brother of Emilio Aguinaldo and lieutenant general who heroically defended in the Battle of Pasong Santol.
Críspulo, was the son of Kapitan Carlos Aguinaldo and Trinidad Famy. He had five brothers namely (Primo, Benigno, Esteban, Ambrosio, and Emilio) and two sisters (Tomasa and Felicidad). He was known as 'Pulong' by his family members, he finished his early studies in his hometown and took up a Bachelor of Arts degree at Colegio de San Juan de Letran. He was married to Irenea Arazaso of Kawit, in which they had seven children. Among their children, only one was named after him because it was his only son. He was a freemason and a Capitan Municipal Of Kawit, Cavite before the revolution.
He joined the Katipunan, and his troops participated in the Battle of Binakayan on November 11, 1896. They were assiged at the rear position together with his brother Baldomero Aguinaldo. They had defeated the Spanish forces headed by Governor General Ramon Blanco and Colonel Marina. He was also responsible in the insurgents in attacking the Spanish forces in Muntinlupa, Taguig and Pateros in Rizal Province. In February 1897, he joined his brother, Emilio, who was defending the town of Dasmariñas, Cavite, from the troops of General Lachambre of the division of Captain-General Camilo Polavieja. The Spaniards were victorious in this battle, after which the Filipino forces evacuated the town after days of fighting. General Lachambre and General Antonio Zabala who was the commander of the Spanish forces in Dasmariñas led the attack on Salitran, it was where Gen. Zabala and Críspulo met in a hand-to-hand combat which killed Gen. Zabala.
Tejeros Assembly and death
Críspulo attended the Tejeros Assembly on March 22, 1897, in San Francisco de Malabon (now General Trias) it was where he learned that his brother Emilio was voted as the president of the reorganized revolutionary government. Colonel Vicente Riego de Dios was sent by the assembly to fetch Gen. Emilio Aguinaldo who was then in Pasong Santol. The General refused to come, so Críspulo was then sent to talk to his brother. He greeted and talked to his brother and explained his purpose, but Emilio was hesitant to leave his post because of the pending attack of the Spanish in Dasmariñas and Imus. Críspulo doesn't want to return in Tejeros without his brother, so he offered himself to be left in the area and promised that no Spanish will take over Pasong Santol. They can only take it only over his dead body. But on March 24, two days after Emilio left Pasong Santol, the Spaniards outnumbered them. Although wounded he fought gallantly and died at the age of 33.
In popular culture
- Portrayed by Gerard Ejercito in the 2012 film, El Presidente.
- Portrayed by Christian Villete in the 2013 TV series, Katipunan.
- "CRISPULO AGUINALDO (1863 - 1897)". Retrieved November 30, 2012.