28 August 1931
|Died||7 August 2014 (aged 82)|
|Alma mater||Conservatorium van Amsterdam|
|Occupation||Opera singer (soprano)|
|Title||Knight of the Order of Orange-Nassau (1974)|
Jacob "Jaap" Deutekom
Deutekom was born Stientje Engel in Amsterdam. She studied at the Conservatorium van Amsterdam with Coby Riemersma and Felix Hupka. In 1963 she made her debut with De Nederlandse Opera as Queen of the Night in Mozart's The Magic Flute. After some lesser roles with the company, she contemplated giving up singing altogether, since her career did not seem to progress.
During a performance of Der Rosenkavalier in Spain – in which she was singing the small role of Marianne Leitmetzerin – Christine was overheard warming up with the Queen of the Night aria in her dressing room by Elisabeth Schwarzkopf, who was singing the Marschallin in that night's performance. Story has it that Schwarzkopf opened the door and asked: "Child, do you know what you are singing there?" and was shocked to hear that she was not performing this role all over the world. "I do not think much of any impresario, that does not recognize such talent", she said and introduced her to her own manager, Rudi Rothenberg. She then went on to conquer the major opera houses in succession with the Queen of the Night. After her performance at the Royal Opera House, Covent Garden, the authoritative Opera magazine reviewed her performance, saying: "Except for Maria Callas in her prime, we have hardly heard anything of equal quality here before". In 1968 she took to the Metropolitan Opera, New York and was acclaimed by The New York Times to be "the greatest Queen of the Night of our time". In 1974 she opened the Met season as Elena in I vespri siciliani alongside Plácido Domingo.
Besides the Queen of the Night, her Mozart roles included Donna Anna in Don Giovanni, Fiordiligi in Così fan tutte and Vitellia in La clemenza di Tito. She sang the great bel canto roles, specifically in Rossini's Armida, in Bellini's Norma and I puritani, and in Donizetti's Lucia di Lammermoor.
She went on to the great dramatic Verdi roles including Abigaile in Nabucco, Lady Macbeth, Leonora in Il trovatore, Amelia in Un ballo in maschera, and Elena in I vespri siciliani. Other roles which were captured in commercial recordings include Giselda in I Lombardi and Odabella in Attila. Finally, she sang the title roles in Cherubini's Médée and Puccini's Turandot.
Deutekom decided to end her stage career on the last day of 1986, after suffering heart problems during a performance of the opera Amaya in Bilbao. She turned to giving master classes internationally.
She made a return in November 1996 at the Concertgebouw Operafeest, at the age of 65 singing the Bolero from I vespri siciliani and Anna Elisa's aria Liebe, du Himmel auf Erden from the operetta Paganini, reportedly "bringing the house down". As of 2001, she was a guest teacher at the Royal Conservatory of The Hague, but after suffering a stroke in 2004, she retired from public life.
Additional operatic repertoire
- also known as Christine Deutekom and Christina Deutekom
- "Cristina Deutekom", Muziek Encyclopedie (in Dutch)
- "Soprano Cristina Deutekom (82) passed away". Conservatorium van Amsterdam. 2014-08-09. Archived from the original on 2015-08-09. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
- "Opera Nostalgia web site". Retrieved 3 February 2013. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
- "Eerbetoon Cristina Deutekom in Carré". Het Parool. ANP. 2011-10-26. Retrieved 2011-10-26.
- "Wereldster Cristina Deutekom is 'een gewone Mokumse meid'" [World star Cristina Deutekom is 'an ordinary Mokum girl']. BN DeStem (in Dutch). 2011-10-20. Retrieved 2019-09-16. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
- "Sopraan Cristina Deutekom (82) overleden" [Soprano Cristina Deutekom (82) passed away]. NU.nl (in Dutch). 2014-08-08.
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